Anti-Proliferative Agents

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H1015 25-Hydroxycholesterol ≥98% 25-Hydroxycholesterol is a side-chain oxysterol that reportedly triggers activation of a number of cholesterol molecules. This triggers their movement from cell membrane to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). 25-Hydroxycholesterol affects the immune system and has a key role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis.
H4291 3-Hydroxytyrosol ≥98% (HPLC) Metabolite of oleuropein. Antioxidant. Inhibits the rate of cancer cell proliferation and induces cancer cell apoptosis.
H6891 7β-Hydroxycholesterol ≥95% 7β-Hydroxycholesterol is an oxysterol, the enzymatic or non-enzymatic product of cholesterol oxidation. Oxysterols are cytotoxic and induce death in monocytes, smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells. The mechanism of apoptosis induced by oxysterols may involve caspases or DNA fragmentation. Increased levels of 7β-Hydroxycholesterol correlates with increased risk of cardiovascular diseases including atherosclerosis.
A7687 Aloe-emodin ≥95% (HPLC) Laxative/cathartic compound; increases the contraction of intestinal smooth muscle by releasing endogenous acetylcholine. Anti-tumor activity is associated with an increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that, in turn, reduces the mitochondrial transmembrane electrical potential, thus inducing a permeability transition that sets in motion a series of events culminating in cellular apoptosis. Genotoxicity and mutagenicity appear to be due to the inhibition of topoisomerase II activity by aloe emodin.
A3145 Apigenin ≥97% (TLC), from parsley, powder A plant flavonoid that has been found to inhibit cell proliferation by arresting the cell cycle at the G2/M phase. Inhibition of growth through cell cycle arrest and induction of apoptosis appear to be related to induction of p53. Inhibits PMA-mediated tumor promotion by inhibiting protein kinase C and the resulting suppression of oncogene expression. It has also been reported to inhibit topoisomerase I-catalyzed DNA re-ligation and enhance gap junctional intercellular communication.
A3731   Artesunate from Artemisia annua Artesunate acts on the electron transport chain, generates local reactive oxygen species, and causes the depolarization of the mitochondrial membrane. It inhibits TNFα-induced production of proinflammatory cytokines via inhibition of NF-κB and PI3 kinase/Akt signal pathway in human rheumatoid arthritis fibroblast-like synoviocytes.
B3251 Berberine chloride form An alkaloid with weak antibiotic properties. Substrate for MDR efflux pumps. Antimicrobial activities of berberine is potentiated by the MDR inhibitor 5´-methoxyhydnocarpin (5´-MHC). Berberine upregulates the expression of Pgp in hepatoma cells. Treatment with berberine potentially results in the reduced accumulation of chemotherapeutic drugs.
05-0370 Caffeine SAJ special grade, ≥98.5% A central nervous system stimulant believed to act through adenosine receptors and monoamine neurotransmitters. It is an adenosine receptor antagonist and adenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) phosphodiesterase inhibitor. Thus, levels of cAMP increase in cells following treatment with caffeine. It has been reported to affect cellular calcium levels, releasing calcium from intracellular stores. It overrides the cell cycle effects of various chemicals such as protease inhibitors, preventing apoptosis; and it has been shown to inhibit cellular DNA repair mechanisms.
C0750 Caffeine powder, ReagentPlus® A central nervous system stimulant believed to act through adenosine receptors and monoamine neurotransmitters. It is an adenosine receptor antagonist and adenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) phosphodiesterase inhibitor. Thus, levels of cAMP increase in cells following treatment with caffeine. It has been reported to affect cellular calcium levels, releasing calcium from intracellular stores. It overrides the cell cycle effects of various chemicals such as protease inhibitors, preventing apoptosis; and it has been shown to inhibit cellular DNA repair mechanisms.
D4434 Dichloromethylenediphosphonic acid disodium salt Analog of pyrophosphate ion that inhibits the osteoclastic activity leading to bone resorption and osteoporosis. The compound is used in cancer research, especially in skeletal metastases and breast carcinoma. When entrapped in liposomes, it is used for macrophage-selective depletion (macrophage "suicide" technique), especially in spleen and liver. Found also to inhibit collagenase and matrix metalloproteinase1.
E7881 Emodin from Frangula bark, ≥90% (HPLC) Inhibitor of NF-κB activation and adhesion molecule expression. Casein Kinase 2 (CK2) inhibitor.
H8787 HA 14-1 ≥95% (CHN/NMR), powder HA 14-1 is a nonpeptide apoptosis inducer; Bcl-2 antagonist.
H5160 Hyperforin ≥85% (HPLC) Active antidepressant component of St. John′s wort.
A7191 N-Acetyl-D-sphingosine ≥97% (TLC), powder Cell-permeable, biologically active ceramide. It induces differentiation and apoptosis in cells and has been shown to activate protein phosphatases.
H6524 N-Hexanoyl-D-sphingosine ≥98% (TLC), synthetic Cell-permeable analog of ceramide; stimulates protein phosphatase 2A; activates MAP kinase; induces apoptosis in human leukemia HL-60 cells
O8889 Oleuropein ≥80% (HPLC) Phenolic constituent of olive oil. Contributes to anticancer properties of olive oil. Oleuropein and its metabolite, hydroxytyrosol, inhibit the rate of cancer cell proliferation and
induce cancer cell apoptosis.
P0667 Parthenolide ≥98% (HPLC) Anti-inflammatory agent that inhibits NF-κB activation.
T8951 Tangeretin ≥95% (HPLC) Tangeretin is a flavonoid found in the peel of citrus fruits where it most likely provides natural resistance to fungi. Tangeretin has been shown to counteract tumor promoter-induced inhibition of intercellular communication and to inhibit cell proliferation in several cancer lines.
T4952 Tanshinone IIA ≥97% (HPLC) Phenanthrenequinone constituent of Chinese medicinal herb Danshen (Salvia miltiorrhiza). Anti-inflammatory. Antioxidant. Cytotoxic against a variety of cell lines, inlcuding human glioma cells.
C6368 β-Cryptoxanthin ≥97% (TLC) Carotenoid pigment with antioxidant functionality. In vivo conversion of β-cryptoxanthin to retinol can occur in humans. Inhibits carcinogenic induced urinary bladder cancer in experimental animal models.
I12603 β-Ionone 96%  
C80687 trans-Cinnamaldehyde 99%