Disintegrins

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E2138 Echistatin α1 isoform, ≥90% (HPLC) Disintegrins represent a novel family of integrin β1 and β3 inhibitor proteins isolated from viper venoms. They are low molecular-weight, cysteine-rich peptides containing the Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) sequence. They are the most potent known inhibitors of integrin function. Disintegrins interfere with cell adhesion to the extracellular matrix, including adhesion of melanoma cells and fibroblasts to fibronectin, and are potent inhibitors of platelet aggregation.
Echistatin is a disintegrin, which prevents the aggregation of platelets. They interact with and prevent the binding of fibrinogen to their receptors on the membrane of platelets. It also inhibits platelet aggregation mediated by epinephrine, thrombin, collagen, or platelet-activating factor. Studies in isolated osteoclasts show that this peptide inhibits bone resorption by osteoclasts, most probably by damaging adhesion structures.
E1518 Echistatin from Echis carinatus lyophilized powder, γ-irradiated, BioXtra Disintegrins represent a novel family of integrin β1 and β3 inhibitor proteins isolated from viper venoms. They are low molecular-weight, cysteine-rich peptides containing the Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) sequence. They are the most potent known inhibitors of integrin function. Disintegrins interfere with cell adhesion to the extracellular matrix, including adhesion of melanoma cells and fibroblasts to fibronectin, and are potent inhibitors of platelet aggregation.