Protein Arginine Methyltransferase (PRMT) Modulators

Most of the PRMT inhibitors mentioned in literature are nonselective and may also inhibit DNMTs and HKMTs.

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A9384 S-(5′-Adenosyl)-L-homocysteine crystalline S-(5′-Adenosyl)-L-homocysteine (AdoHcy/SAH) is a component of intracellular homocysteine stress. AdoHcy is a competitive inhibitor (versus AdoMet) of DNA methyltransferases (S-adenosyl-L-methionine (AdoMet)-dependent methyltransferases) involved in epigenetics. Consequently, AdoHcy is used in a variety of studies on epigenetics in hyperhomocysteinemic states. AdoHcy is metabolized by S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase (AHCY). AdoHcy is the product of enzymatic transmethylation reactions involving S-Adenosylmethionine (SAM). It is reconverted to SAM by its cleavage into adenosine and L-homocysteine, a substrate of thetin-homocysteine S-methyltransferase. The concentration alterations of SAM and SAH in plasma serve as predictors of cellular methylation potential and metabolic alterations. Methylation capacity indicates specific genetic polymorphisms and/or nutritional deficiencies. Methylation is important in epigenetics, reprogramming, and cancer.
 
A9232 AMI-1 sodium salt hydrate ≥98% (HPLC) Protein arginine N-methyltransferases (PRMTs) are involved in post-translational modification implicated in protein trafficking, signal transduction, and transcriptional regulation. AMI-1 does not inhibit lysine methyltransferase activity and does not interact with S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet), unlike most methyltransferase inhibitors which compete for the AdoMet binding site. AMI-1 can modulate nuclear receptor-regulated transcription from estrogen and androgen response elements; and is a HIV-1 reverse transcriptase inhibitor. AMI-1 is a potent antagonist of NADPH-oxidase-derived superoxide production, but acts as a direct antioxidant rather than indirectly through methyltransferase inhibition.
 
D5011 5′-Deoxy-5′-(methylthio)adenosine   human ... ADORA2B(136), ADORA3(140)
mouse ... Mtap(66902)
rat ... Adora1(29290), Adora2a(25369)