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Magnetic Materials

Tutorial

  Magnetic Properties of Materials
Superconductors
A History of Superconductivity
Molecule-Based Magnets
Spintronics
References

Introduction

All materials have an inherent magnetic character arising from the movements of their electrons. Since dynamic electric fields induce a magnetic field, the orbit of electrons, which creates atomic current loops, results in magnetic fields. An external magnetic field will cause these atomic magnetic fields to align so that they oppose the external field. This is the only magnetic effect that arises from electron pairs. If a material exhibits only this effect in an applied field it is known as a diamagnetic material.

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