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Determination of Water Content in 1-Bromine docecane, Dodecyl bromide Using Karl Fischer Titration

Product Group

Halogenated hydrocarbons

General Information concerning the product group

Halogenated hydrocarbons

Halogenated hydrocarbons can in most cases be titrated by the Karl Fischer method without any problems as is the case for hydrocarbons. No interferences are to be expected from the chemical structure. To overcome solubility problems of unpolar or weakly polar substances, the addition of a solubiliser to the solvent is necessary. In the case of long-chain and cyclic hydrocarbons, long-chain alcohols (e.g. decyl alcohol) or chloroform are thus recommended. Toluene, xylene or chloroform improve the solubility of aromatic compounds. Recommended methods are both the volumetric titration with one or two component reagents, as well as the coulometric analysis. The latter is predominantly applied for low water concentrations (< 0.1 %). If chlorinated hydrocarbons contain free chlorine it is necessary to reduce it prior to KF analysis. This is best achieved through attachment to unsaturated compounds, e.g. through conversion with tetradecene.

Special Information concerning the sample and the methods

For an improved solubility of this substance the addition of a long-chain alcohol to the working medium is recommended.

Titration one component system

Reagents:

Titrant
188002 Aquastar™ - CombiTitrant 2 - One component reagent for volumetric Karl Fischer titration, 1 mL = approx. 2 mg water

Solvent
30 mL 188009 Aquastar™ - CombiMethanol - Solvent for volumetric Karl Fischer titration with one component reagents, max. 0.01 % water
and
10 mL 803463 Decanol - as solubiliser

Titration Parameters:
Default titration settings, e.g.:
I(pol) = 20 - 50 µA, U(EP) = 100 - 250 mV
Stop criterion: drift < 20 µL/min

Sample size:
10 mL

Procedure:
The titration medium is first placed into the titration cell and titrated dry by means of the titrant. Then the sample is added with a syringe (exact sample weight determination by weighing of syringe before and after injection) or volumetric pipette and the titration is started.

Titration two component system

Reagents:

Titrant
188011 Aquastar™ - Titrant 2 - Titrant for volumetric titration with two component reagents, 1 mL = approx. 2 mg water

Solvent
50 mL 188016 Aquastar™ - Solvent oils & fats - Solvent for volumetric Karl Fischer titration with two component reagents for oils & fats

Titration Parameters:
Default titration settings, e.g.:
I(pol) = 20 - 50 µA, U(EP) = 100 - 250 mV
Stop criterion: drift < 20 µL/min

Sample size:
10 mL

Procedure:
The titration medium is first placed into the titration cell and titrated dry by means of the titrant. Then the sample is added with a syringe (exact sample weight determination by weighing of syringe before and after injection) or volumetric pipette and the titration is started.

Coulometry with diaphragm

Reagents:

Catholyte
5 mL 109255 Aquastar™ - CombiCoulomat frit - Coulometric Karl Fischer reagent for cells with diaphragm

Anolyte
90 mL 109255 Aquastar™ - CombiCoulomat frit - Coulometric Karl Fischer reagent for cells with diaphragm
and
10 mL 803463 Decanol - as solubiliser

Titration Parameters:
Default coulometer settings for cell with diaphragm:
For end point indication, e.g.:
I(pol) = 5 - 10 µA, U(EP) = 50 - 100 mV
Stop criterion: drift < 10 µg/min

Sample size:
0.5 mL

Procedure:
The Karl-Fischer reagent is placed into the cathode and anode compartment of the titration cell with diaphragm. The coulometer is started and the solvent is titrated dry. After pretitration and stabilisation of drift the sample is injected into the titration cell with a syringe (exact sample weight determination by weighing of syringe before and after injection) and the water determination is started.

Coulometry without diaphragm

Reagents:

Working medium
100 mL 109257 Aquastar™ - CombiCoulomat fritless - Coulometric Karl Fischer reagent for cells with or without diaphragm
and
10 mL 803463 Decanol - as solubiliser

Titration Parameters:
Default coulometer settings for cell without diaphragm:
For end point indication, e.g.:
I(pol) = 5 - 10 µA, U(EP) = 50 - 100 mV
Stop criterion: drift < 10 µg/min

Sample size:
0.5 mL

Procedure:
The Karl-Fischer reagent is placed into the titration cell without diaphragm. The coulometer is started and the solvent is titrated dry. After pretitration and stabilisation of drift the sample is injected into the titration cell with a syringe (exact sample weight determination by weighing of syringe before and after injection) and the water determination is started.

Materials

     
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