Xanthohumol induces apoptosis in glioma cancer by modulating microRNA based network. It exhibits anti-inflammatory property by inhibiting janus kinases (JAKs), signal transducer and activator of transcription proteins (STATs). Xanthohumol elicits antiviral functionality against bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) and anti-hepatitis C virus in vitro. It also induces autophagy and has antiplatelet and neuroprotective effects. Xanthohumol also regulates various metabolic processes including the inhibition of triglyceride formation, atherosclerotic plaque and adipogenesis.
Prenylated flavonoids such as xanthohumol have antiproliferative and cytotoxic effects in human cancer cell lines. Xanthohumol protected HepG2 cells against benzo[a]pyrene and related carcinogens. It also protected against reactive oxygen species (ROS), not by a direct anti-oxidant effect, but instead mediated by induction of cellular defense mechanisms against oxidative stress.Xanthohumol inhibits diacylglycerol acetyltransferase (DGAT) and human P450 enzymes. It also inhibits the expression of HIF-1α and VEGF under hypoxic conditions.