Merck
All Photos(2)

D150959

Sigma-Aldrich

1,1-Dimethylbiguanide hydrochloride

97%

Synonym(s):
Metformin
Linear Formula:
NH2C(=NH)NHC(=NH)N(CH3)2 · HCl
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
165.62
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.22

Quality Level

assay

97%

form

crystals

mp

223-226 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

Cl[H].CN(C)C(=N)NC(N)=N

InChI

1S/C4H11N5.ClH/c1-9(2)4(7)8-3(5)6;/h1-2H3,(H5,5,6,7,8);1H

InChI key

OETHQSJEHLVLGH-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

Looking for similar products? Visit Product Comparison Guide

Related Categories

General description

1,1-Dimethylbiguanide hydrochloride (metformin) is a strong base. It forms well defined salts and possessing excellent coordination capacity with transition metals, forming highly colored bidentate chelate complexes. Metformin (MET) exists in various forms: diprotonated (H2MET)2+ in strong acidic solution, monoprotonated (HMET)+ in weak acid, MET in neutral and deprotonated (MET)- in strong alkali solution. It is an oral antidiabetic drug. Pharmacokinetics of metformin has been studied. Determination of metformin in human plasma has been described by simple HPLC-UV method. Metformin is reported to increase plasma active glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) in humans.

Application

1,1-Dimethylbiguanide hydrochloride is suitable biguanide agent used in a study to investigate its role in enhancing the secretions of plasma active glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) levels. It may be used in the synthesis of the following:
  • bis(1,1-dimethylbiguanido)copper(II) octahydrate
  • bis(1,1-dimethylbiguanido)nickel(II)
  • 1,1-dimethylbiguanidium tetrabromothallate(III)

Packaging

5 g in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Metformin is an antidiabetic agent that reduces blood glucose levels and improves insulin sensitivity. Its metabolic effects, including the inhibition of hepatic gluconeogenesis, are mediated at least in part by activation of the LKB1-AMPK (AMP-activated protein kinase) pathway. Activation of this pathway also appears to be involved in the antiproliferative and proapoptotic actions of metformin in cancer cell lines.

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

  1. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  2. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  3. How do I find price and availability?

    There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products. Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers.

  4. What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?

    Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product. 

  5. What solvents can be used to dissolve Product D150959, 1,1-Dimethylbiguanide hydrochloride?

    According to the chemicals encyclopedia published by the Royal Society of Chemistry, 1,1-dimethylbiguanide hydrochloride is expected to be soluble in water, or in 95% alcohol.

  6. My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?

    Ask a Scientist here.

Nobuyuki Yasuda et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 298(5), 779-784 (2002-11-07)
Metformin was reported to increase plasma active glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) in humans. There are two possible mechanisms for this effect: (1) metformin inhibits dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV), an enzyme degrading GLP-1, and (2) metformin enhances GLP-1 secretion. To elucidate the
Bis (1, 1-dimethylbiguanido) nickel (II).
Zhu M, et al.
Acta Crystallographica Section E, Structure Reports Online, 58(6), 272-274 (2002)
1,1-Dimethylbiguanidium tetrabromothallate (III).
He Z, et al.
Acta Crystallographica Section E, Structure Reports Online, 58(11), m647-m649 (2002)
Bis (1,1-dimethylbiguanido) copper (II) octahydrate.
Zhu M, et al.
Acta Crystallographica Section E, Structure Reports Online, 58(5), 217-219 (2002)
Eric P Kusnadi et al.
The EMBO journal, 39(21), e105111-e105111 (2020-09-19)
Elevated ribosome biogenesis in oncogene-driven cancers is commonly targeted by DNA-damaging cytotoxic drugs. Our previous first-in-human trial of CX-5461, a novel, less genotoxic agent that specifically inhibits ribosome biogenesis via suppression of RNA polymerase I (Pol I) transcription, revealed single-agent

Articles

Insulin Signaling and Energy Homeostasis

Glucose metabolism is regulated by the opposing actions of insulin and glucagon. Insulin is released from pancreatic ß cells in response to high blood glucose levels and regulates glucose metabolism through its actions on muscle, liver, and adipose tissue.

Oncogenes and Tumor Suppressors Reprogram Metabolism

We present an article about how proliferating cells require the biosynthesis of structural components for biomass production and for genomic replication.

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service