Merck
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15522

Sigma-Aldrich

D-(+)-Galactose

meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP

Synonym(s):
Galactose
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C6H12O6
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
180.16
Beilstein:
1724619
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

quality

meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP

Quality Level

technique(s)

IR spectroscopy: suitable

impurities

acid. or alk. react. impurities, in accordance
microbiological impurity, in accordance
residual solvents, in accordance
≤1.0% water (Karl Fischer)

mp

168-170 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: soluble 180 g/L at 20 °C

suitability

in accordance for appearance of solution
in accordance for identity (IR)

application(s)

pharmaceutical (small molecule)

SMILES string

OC[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@@H](O)C=O

InChI

1S/C6H12O6/c7-1-3(9)5(11)6(12)4(10)2-8/h1,3-6,8-12H,2H2/t3-,4+,5+,6-/m0/s1

InChI key

GZCGUPFRVQAUEE-KCDKBNATSA-N

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Application

D-(+)-Galactose was used for examining the specificity of staining with SBA-FITC during labeling of cells for fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS). It was used for selecting the transformed strains of S. cerevisiae.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Galactose is a monosaccharide sugar and is the natural antigen present on the blood cells. It induces memory loss, neurodegeneration as well as oxidative damage in mice due to systemic exposure.
Galactose is a simple monosaccharide that serves as an energy source and as an essential component of glycolipids and glycoproteins. Galactose contributes to energy metabolism via its conversion to glucose by the enzymes that constitute the Leloir pathway. Defects in the genes encoding these proteins lead to the metabolic disorder galactosemia.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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