Merck
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BP227

Metformin hydrochloride

British Pharmacopoeia (BP) Reference Standard

Synonym(s):
1,1-Dimethylbiguanide hydrochloride, Metformin
Linear Formula:
NH2C(=NH)NHC(=NH)N(CH3)2 · HCl
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
165.62
EC Number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.24

grade

pharmaceutical primary standard

manufacturer/tradename

BP

mp

223-226 °C (lit.)

format

neat

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

Cl[H].CN(C)C(=N)NC(N)=N

InChI

1S/C4H11N5.ClH/c1-9(2)4(7)8-3(5)6;/h1-2H3,(H5,5,6,7,8);1H

InChI key

OETHQSJEHLVLGH-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

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General description

This product is provided as delivered and specified by the issuing Pharmacopoeia. All information provided in support of this product, including SDS and any product information leaflets have been developed and issued under the Authority of the issuing Pharmacopoeia.For further information and support please go to the website of the issuing Pharmacopoeia.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Metformin is an antidiabetic agent that reduces blood glucose levels and improves insulin sensitivity. Its metabolic effects, including the inhibition of hepatic gluconeogenesis, are mediated at least in part by activation of the LKB1-AMPK (AMP-activated protein kinase) pathway. Activation of this pathway also appears to be involved in the antiproliferative and proapoptotic actions of metformin in cancer cell lines.

Packaging

Unit quantity: 100 mg. Subject to change. The product is delivered as supplied by the issuing Pharmacopoeia. For the current unit quantity please visit British Pharmacopoeia

Other Notes

Sales restrictions may apply.

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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More documents

Quotes and Ordering

Maryam Fatehi-Agdam et al.
Drug research, 71(1), 17-25 (2020-09-29)
Gastric cancer is a common gastrointestinal cancer characterized by poor prognosis and chemoresistance. Docetaxel and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) are frequently used for the treatment of gastric cancer. Despite their potent anti-cancer effects, chemoresistance occurs in metastatic gastric cancer. Metformin, a popular

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