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C3144

Sigma-Aldrich

Coenzyme A sodium salt hydrate

cofactor for acyl transfer

Synonym(s):
CoA Na2
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C21H36N7O16P3S · xNa+ · yH2O
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
767.53 (anhydrous free acid basis)
EC Number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.51

description

cofactor for acyl transfer

Quality Level

assay

≥85% (spectrophotometric assay)

solubility

H2O: soluble 50 mg/mL, clear, colorless to faintly yellow

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

[Na+].CC(C)(COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]1OP(O)([O-])=O)n2cnc3c(N)ncnc23)C(O)C(=O)NCCC(=O)NCCS

InChI key

SYTRWOCXZXQBPW-CLVRNSBASA-M

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General description

Coenzyme A (CoA) is an essential cofactor in living systems and is synthesized from pantothenic acid (vitamin B5), The CoA levels in mitochondria and peroxisomes correspond to 2-5 mM and 0.7 mM, respectively. Cytosolic CoA is in the range of 0.05 mM to 0.14 mM

Application

Coenzyme A is suitable for use in:
  • gylcerolipid biosynthesis in porcine adipose tissue
  • an assay to measure the level of Alpha-methylacyl-CoA racemase (AMACR) in human blood samples using a nanoparticle electrochemical biosensor
  • chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) assay
  • the synthesis of palmitoyl-CoA, which is required for palmitoylation and activation of proteins for regulated membrane fusion

Packaging

10 mg in glass bottle
25, 100, 500 mg in poly bottle
1 g in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Coenzyme A (CoA, CoASH, HSCoA) is a coenzyme that facilitates enzymatic acyl-group transfer reactions and supports the synthesis and oxidation of fatty acids. CoA is involved in the mechanisms of a wide variety of enzymes. In the presence of CoASH, organic carboxylic acids form acyl-CoA thioesters, which facilitates enzyme recognition. The acyl-CoA formed from xenobiotic carboxylic acids can add to the compound′s toxicity, which can lead to cellular metabolic dysfunction. It is involved in the oxidation of pyruvate in the Kreb′s cycle. CoA is needed for metabolic events. The bacterial CoA pathway is targeted for antimicrobial development. It mediates acyl group transfer and carbonyl activation. The CoA and its thioester levels are crucial for cellular homeostasis. CoA is also involved in regulating platelet aggregation and vasoconstriction. It acts as an essential cofactor in enzymatic acetyl transfer reactions.

Other Notes

Tandem Mass Spectrometry data independently generated by Scripps Center for Metabolomics is available to view or download in PDF. C3144.pdf Tested metabolites are featured on Scripps Center for Metabolomics METLIN Metabolite Database. To learn more, visit sigma.com/metlin.

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Analysis of gene promoter regulation by tumor suppressor genes.
Kumaravel Somasundaram et al.
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.), 223, 101-116 (2003-06-05)
D C Rule et al.
Journal of animal science, 67(2), 364-373 (1989-02-01)
To compare genetic differences in glycerolipid biosynthesis, rates were determined in s.c. adipose tissue of lean and obese pigs at 28, 60 and 110 d of age. To compare depot-specific differences, glycerolipid biosynthetic rates were determined in outer s.c., middle...
Christoph Matti et al.
Journal of leukocyte biology, 107(6), 1137-1154 (2020-06-14)
The chemokine CCL20 is broadly produced by endothelial cells in the liver, the lung, in lymph nodes and mucosal lymphoid tissues, and recruits CCR6 expressing leukocytes, particularly dendritic cells, mature B cells, and subpopulations of T cells. How CCL20 is...
David F Fischer et al.
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.), 289, 303-314 (2004-10-27)
Protocols to study the regulation of a conserved multigene family (SPRR genes) during calcium-induced differentiation of cultured normal human keratinocytes (NHKs) are provided. Transfection of promoter-reporter (CAT or luciferase) constructs, combined with promoter truncation, can be used to study the...
Po-Yuan Lin et al.
Biosensors, 2(4), 377-387 (2012-01-01)
Although still commonly used in clinical practice to screen and diagnose prostate cancer, there are numerous weaknesses of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing, including lack of specificity and the inability to distinguish between aggressive and indolent cancers. A promising prostate cancer...

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