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Loredano Pollegioni et al.
The FEBS journal, 278(16), 2753-2766 (2011-06-15)
Glyphosate (N-phosphonomethyl-glycine) is the most widely used herbicide in the world: glyphosate-based formulations exhibit broad-spectrum herbicidal activity with minimal human and environmental toxicity. The extraordinary success of this simple, small molecule is mainly attributable to the high specificity of glyphosate
Charline Le Mer et al.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 89, 174-181 (2013-01-01)
Atrazine (ATR) and glyphosate (GLY) are among the most widely used herbicides in Canada, yet there is relatively little information concerning their toxicity to early life stages of marine fish. The threespine stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) reproduces in coastal habitats which
Xiaomei Yang et al.
The Science of the total environment, 512-513, 406-414 (2015-02-04)
Repeated applications of glyphosate may contaminate the soil and water and threaten their quality both within the environmental system and beyond it through water erosion related processes and leaching. In this study, we focused on the transport of glyphosate and
Jorge Angelini et al.
Archives of microbiology, 195(10-11), 683-692 (2013-08-22)
In the peanut production, the applications of herbicides and fungicides are a common practice. In this work, studies done under field conditions demonstrated that pesticides affected negatively the number and nitrogenase activity of diazotrophic populations of soil. Agrochemical effects were
Paul K Mensah et al.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 96, 24-31 (2013-07-17)
Glyphosate-based herbicides are among the leading products used in South Africa to control weeds and invading alien plant species. Although these herbicides ultimately find their way into aquatic ecosystems, South Africa has no water quality guideline based on indigenous species
Renata Raina-Fulton
Journal of AOAC International, 97(4), 965-977 (2014-08-26)
This article reviews the chromatography/MS methodologies for analysis of pesticide residues of orphan and difficult chemical classes in a variety of sample matrixes including water, urine, blood, and food. The review focuses on pesticide classes that are not commonly included
Huimin Qiu et al.
Journal of hazardous materials, 248-249, 172-176 (2013-01-30)
Glyphosate may have dual effect on bloom algae as a phosphorus source or pesticide. The physiological and biochemical responses of Microcystis aeruginosa (M. aeruginosa) to glyphosate and its formulation in the common herbicide, Roundup(®), were compared. The result suggested that
Himanshu Gaur et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 513(4), 1070-1075 (2019-04-24)
Glyphosate, an herbicide used worldwide, has emerged as a pollutant. However, its toxic effects are debated by regulatory authorities. Therefore, it is essential to keep the use of such chemicals under continuous observation, and their effects must be re-evaluated. We
C Lanctôt et al.
Aquatic toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 154, 291-303 (2014-06-11)
Glyphosate-based herbicides are currently the most commonly used herbicides in the world. They have been shown to affect survival, growth, development and sexual differentiation of tadpoles under chronic laboratory exposures but this has not been investigated under more environmentally realistic
Xuan Wei et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1281, 148-154 (2013-02-13)
With an increasing concern on food safety, fast screening of residues of widespread herbicides becomes necessary. Herein we report a microchip electrophoresis system with laser induced fluorescence (LIF) detection for rapid and sensitive analysis of glyphosate (GLYP) and glufosinate (GLUF)
Larry D Kier et al.
Critical reviews in toxicology, 43(4), 283-315 (2013-03-14)
An earlier review of the toxicity of glyphosate and the original Roundup™-branded formulation concluded that neither glyphosate nor the formulation poses a risk for the production of heritable/somatic mutations in humans. The present review of subsequent genotoxicity publications and regulatory
R Mesnage et al.
Toxicology, 313(2-3), 122-128 (2012-09-25)
Pesticides are always used in formulations as mixtures of an active principle with adjuvants. Glyphosate, the active ingredient of the major pesticide in the world, is an herbicide supposed to be specific on plant metabolism. Its adjuvants are generally considered
Dale L Shaner et al.
Pest management science, 68(1), 3-9 (2011-08-16)
The intensive use of glyphosate alone to manage weeds has selected populations that are glyphosate resistant. The three mechanisms of glyphosate resistance that have been elucidated are (1) target-site mutations, (2) gene amplification and (3) altered translocation due to sequestration.
M I Santín-Montanyá et al.
Journal of environmental science and health. Part. B, Pesticides, food contaminants, and agricultural wastes, 48(4), 285-290 (2013-02-05)
Chlorophyll fluorescence analysis (CFA) has been successfully used to rapidly determine the responses of different plants to herbicides. It has not, however, been used to test the effect of these products on invasive riparian species. This paper reports the use
Pedro J Christoffoleti et al.
Pest management science, 64(4), 422-427 (2008-02-20)
South America represents about 12% of the global land area, and Brazil roughly corresponds to 47% of that. The major sustainable agricultural system in South America is based on a no-tillage cropping system, which is a worldwide adopted agricultural conservation
Lucas Piola et al.
Chemosphere, 91(4), 545-551 (2013-01-22)
Glyphosate-based products are the leading post-emergent agricultural herbicides in the world, particularly in association with glyphosate tolerant crops. However, studies on the effects of glyphosate-based formulations on terrestrial receptors are scarce. This study was conducted to evaluate the comparative toxicity
Glyphosate: A Unique Global Herbicide (1997)
Case studies: A hard look at GM crops.
Natasha Gilbert
Nature, 497(7447), 24-26 (2013-05-03)
Agriculture. What happens when weed killers stop killing?
Robert F Service
Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6152), 1329-1329 (2013-09-21)
Marta Kwiatkowska et al.
Environmental toxicology and pharmacology, 37(3), 1101-1108 (2014-05-02)
Glyphosate [N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine] is used all over the world to protect agricultural and horticultural crops. According to initial reports, glyphosate has been considered to be safe for humans and animals; nevertheless, recent investigations had proven its toxicity. Extensive use of glyphosate
Stephen O Duke et al.
Pest management science, 64(4), 319-325 (2008-02-15)
Since its commercial introduction in 1974, glyphosate [N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine] has become the dominant herbicide worldwide. There are several reasons for its success. Glyphosate is a highly effective broad-spectrum herbicide, yet it is very toxicologically and environmentally safe. Glyphosate translocates well, and
Julie Céline Brodeur et al.
Chemosphere, 112, 70-76 (2014-07-23)
The herbicide glyphosate and the insecticide cypermethrin are key pesticides of modern management in soy and corn cultures. Although these pesticides are likely to co-occur in ephemeral ponds or aquatic systems supporting amphibian wildlife, the toxicological interactions prevailing in mixtures
Alan M Dewar
Pest management science, 65(10), 1047-1058 (2009-06-27)
Maize growing in the EU27 increased to over 13 million ha in 2007, most of which (>80%) was grown in just eight countries (France, Romania, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Spain and Bulgaria). The number of herbicides used to control the
Glyphosate: A Unique Global Herbicide (1997)
Qin Tu et al.
The Analyst, 144(6), 2017-2025 (2019-02-01)
Monitoring the levels of pesticides on plant tissues is important for achieving effective protection of crops after application, as well as ensuring low levels of residues during harvest. In this study, a simple, rapid, and fieldable colorimetric method for detecting
Hao Cui et al.
Environmental technology, 33(16-18), 2049-2056 (2012-12-18)
Glyphosate (N-phosphonomethylglycine (PMG)) is the organophosphate herbicide most widely used in the world, and industrial production of PMG generates large quantities of wastewater. A manganese dioxide-coated powdered activated carbon (MnO2/PAC) composite was synthesized and investigated for the adsorption of PMG
Gemma Arjó et al.
Transgenic research, 22(2), 255-267 (2013-02-23)
A recent paper published in the journal Food and Chemical Toxicology presents the results of a long-term toxicity study related to a widely-used commercial herbicide (Roundup™) and a Roundup-tolerant genetically modified variety of maize, concluding that both the herbicide and
Antonio L Cerdeira et al.
GM crops, 1(1), 16-24 (2010-01-01)
Transgenic glyphosate-resistant crops (GRCs) have been commercialized and grown extensively in the Western Hemisphere and, to a lesser extent, elsewhere. GRCs have generally become dominant in those countries where they have been approved for growing. Potential effects of glyphosate on
Stephen O Duke et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 60(42), 10375-10397 (2012-09-28)
Claims have been made recently that glyphosate-resistant (GR) crops sometimes have mineral deficiencies and increased plant disease. This review evaluates the literature that is germane to these claims. Our conclusions are: (1) although there is conflicting literature on the effects
Lidia Esteve Agelet et al.
Food chemistry, 141(3), 1895-1901 (2013-07-23)
Previous studies showed that Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) could distinguish between Roundup Ready® (RR) and conventional soybeans at the bulk and single seed sample level, but it was not clear which compounds drove the classification. In this research the varieties
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