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Liran Baram et al.
Journal of gastroenterology and hepatology, 29(12), 1976-1984 (2014-08-06)
Crohn's disease (CD) is characterized by loss of tolerance to intestinal microorganisms. This is reflected by serological responses to fungal glycans such as mannan and β-glucans. Fungal glycans have various effects on immune cells. However, the evidence for their effects
Michiko Shimokawa et al.
Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry, 78(12), 2036-2044 (2014-08-27)
Two jacalin-related lectins (JRLs) were purified by mannose-agarose and melibiose-agarose from seeds of Treculia africana. One is galactose-recognizing JRL (gJRL), named T. africana agglutinin-G (TAA-G), and another one is mannose-recognizing JRL (mJRL), TAA-M. The yields of the two lectins from
Evelina Vågesjö et al.
Cell transplantation, 24(2), 263-276 (2014-02-01)
The only clinically available curative treatment of type 1 diabetes mellitus is replacement of the pancreatic islets by allogeneic transplantation, which requires immunosuppressive therapies. Regimens used today are associated with serious adverse effects and impaired islet engraftment and function. The
Xu Song et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 32(5), 1741-1751 (2014-11-20)
In this study, cationic mannosylated nanostructured lipid carriers (Man-NLCs) were developed for the targeted delivery of rifampicin to alveolar macrophages. Rifampicin loaded Man-NLCs (RFP-Man-NLCs) and rifampicin loaded unmodified nanostructured lipid carriers (REP-NLCs) were prepared using thin film homogenization method and
Youya Nakazawa et al.
Cancer science, 106(2), 201-207 (2014-12-03)
Almost all cancers show intrinsic and/or evasive resistance to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitors by multiple mechanisms. Serum angiopoietin-2 (Ang2) level has been proposed as a potential biomarker of VEGF inhibitor response in several cancers. From these clinical observations
Ellen C Dengler et al.
Journal of neuroinflammation, 11, 92-92 (2014-06-03)
Peri-spinal subarachnoid (intrathecal; i.t.) injection of non-viral naked plasmid DNA encoding the anti-inflammatory cytokine, IL-10 (pDNA-IL-10) suppresses chronic neuropathic pain in animal models. However, two sequential i.t. pDNA injections are required within a discrete 5 to 72-hour period for prolonged
Broder Rühmann et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1350, 44-50 (2014-05-28)
A fast carbohydrate screening platform processible in 96-well format is described. The method is suitable for the determination of various carbohydrates out of complex mixtures as obtained by acidic hydrolysis of carbohydrates polymers. The chromatographic conditions for an efficient separation
Hideko Ohama et al.
The American journal of pathology, 185(2), 420-431 (2014-12-09)
Alcohol abuse was found to predispose persons to opportunistic infections. In this study, we tried to improve the host antibacterial resistance of chronic alcohol-consuming (CAC) mice to opportunistic infections. Bactericidal macrophages with functions to produce IL-12 and to express mRNAs
Jun Zhou et al.
Journal of ethnopharmacology, 164, 229-238 (2015-02-24)
Rehmannia glutinosa (Gaertn.) DC. (RG) has been widely used as traditional Chinese herbal medicine for treatment of diabetes and its complications. The polysaccharide fraction of RG has been proposed to possess hypoglycemic effect by intraperitoneal administration, however, the mechanisms responsible
Daniela Cavallone et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 279(1), 216-222 (2003-10-23)
Tamm-Horsfall glycoprotein (THP), the most abundant protein in mammalian urine, has been implicated in defending the urinary tract against infections by type 1-fimbriated Escherichia coli. Recent experimental evidence indicates that the defensive capability of THP relies on its single high
Chloe L Thio et al.
Journal of virology, 79(14), 9192-9196 (2005-07-05)
Mannose binding lectin (MBL) is a central component of the innate immune response and thus may be important for determining hepatitis B virus (HBV) persistence. Since single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the gene encoding MBL (mbl2) alter the level of functional
Ikuko Takahashi et al.
The Tohoku journal of experimental medicine, 206(4), 333-340 (2005-07-06)
Acid sphingomyelinase (ASM) is the lysosomal enzyme responsible for the hydrolysis of sphingomyelin to ceramide and phosphocholine. An inherited deficiency of this enzymatic activity results in the Type A and B forms of Niemann-Pick disease (NPD). ASM is also readily
Łukasz Bułdak et al.
Pharmacological reports : PR, 66(3), 418-429 (2014-06-07)
Diabetic patients experience accelerated atherosclerosis. Metformin is a cornerstone of the current therapy of type 2 diabetes. Macrophages are the key cells associated with the development of atherosclerotic plaques. Therefore, our aim was to assess the in vitro effects of
Zhen-Bin Wang et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 109, 49-55 (2014-05-13)
Three partially purified polysaccharides were extracted from Phellinus linteus mycelia using hot water, 1% (NH4)2C2O4, and 1.25M NaOH/0.05% NaBH4, and the extracts were named PL-W, PL-A, and, PL-N respectively. PL-N mainly comprised xylose and arabinose with a high molecular weight
Jayant Nirmalkar et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 22(2), 1220-1231 (2014-08-19)
Organic molecular markers are important atmospheric constituents. Their formation and sources are important aspects of the study of urban and rural air quality. We collected PM10 aerosol samples from the Mahanadi Riverside Basin (MRB), a rural part of eastern central
Shuangquan Yao et al.
Bioresource technology, 185, 21-27 (2015-03-10)
To reduce the degradation of cellulose and obtain high molecular weight of hemicellulose from the extracts, pH pre-corrected hot water pretreatment was developed by employing sodium hydroxide (3.9mol/L). The response surface model was established to optimize the extraction process. The
Brett Shannon et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 192(11), 5074-5082 (2014-04-25)
HSV-2 infection is common and generally asymptomatic, but it is associated with increased HIV susceptibility and disease progression. This may relate to herpes-mediated changes in genital and systemic immunology. Cervical cytobrushes and blood were collected from HIV-uninfected African/Caribbean women in
Charles D Murin et al.
Journal of virology, 88(17), 10177-10188 (2014-06-27)
The neutralizing anti-HIV-1 antibody 2G12 is of particular interest due to the sterilizing protection it provides from viral challenge in animal models. 2G12 is a unique, domain-exchanged antibody that binds exclusively to conserved N-linked glycans that form the high-mannose patch
Hongxiang Sun et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 121, 388-402 (2015-02-11)
The polysaccharide from the roots of Actinidia eriantha (AEPS), a potent antitumor agent and immunological adjuvant, was investigated for the immunomodulatory effects on RAW264.7 macrophages and its molecular mechanisms. AEPS could significantly enhance the pinocytic and phagocytic activity, induce the
Nan Wang et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 111, 47-55 (2014-07-20)
A neutral polysaccharide fraction (SMPA) prepared from the roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza by DEAE-cellulose and Sephadex G-100 chromatography was tested for its immune enhancing function in N-methyl-N'-nitro-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG)-induced gastric cancer rats by intragastric administration. SMPA (200mg/kg) treatment not only increased
M Otter et al.
Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.), 16(1), 54-59 (1992-07-01)
Various studies have shown that mannose receptors rapidly eliminate glycoproteins and microorganisms bearing high mannose-type carbohydrate chains from the blood circulation. The purpose of this study was to characterize the mannose receptor in the liver, which in vivo is involved
Chen Chen et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 969, 171-180 (2014-09-01)
One challenge facing the purification of therapeutic glycoproteins by affinity chromatography is creating ligands specific for the glycan moiety. Affinity chromatography of glycoproteins is currently conducted with immobilized lectins or boronates, although biomimetic ligands could present a more desirable option.
Monika Poláková et al.
European journal of medicinal chemistry, 46(3), 944-952 (2011-02-08)
Human Golgi α-mannosidase II (hGM) is a pharmaceutical target for the design of inhibitors with anti-tumor activity. Nanomolar inhibitors of hGM exhibit unwanted co-inhibition of the human lysosomal α-mannosidase (hLM). Hence, improving specificity of the inhibitors directed toward hGM is
P Hu et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 167(2), 520-527 (1990-03-16)
The catalytic and immunological properties of acid phosphatases (EC 3.1.3.2.) in different tissues were studied. It was demonstrated that high uptake forms of lysosomal enzymes like beta-galactosidase isolated from human platelets and bovine testis are mature enzymes, which have not
Zuo-Lin Ying et al.
Experimental and therapeutic medicine, 7(5), 1354-1358 (2014-06-19)
Saikosaponin-d (Ssd) is a triterpenoid saponin derived from
Najma Bhat et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 282(48), 34877-34887 (2007-10-02)
Cryptosporidium sp. cause human and animal diarrheal disease worldwide. The molecular mechanisms underlying Cryptosporidium attachment to, and invasion of, host cells are poorly understood. Previously, we described a surface-associated Gal/GalNAc-specific lectin activity in sporozoites of Cryptosporidium parvum. Here we describe
Charles DeRossi et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 281(9), 5916-5927 (2005-12-13)
MPI encodes phosphomannose isomerase, which interconverts fructose 6-phosphate and mannose 6-phosphate (Man-6-P), used for glycoconjugate biosynthesis. MPI mutations in humans impair protein glycosylation causing congenital disorder of glycosylation Ib (CDG-Ib), but oral mannose supplements normalize glycosylation. To establish a mannose-responsive
Yukishige Ito et al.
Current opinion in structural biology, 15(5), 481-489 (2005-09-13)
High-mannose-type oligosaccharides have been shown to play important roles in protein quality control. Several intracellular proteins, such as lectins, chaperones and glycan-processing enzymes, are involved in this process. These include calnexin/calreticulin, UDP-glucose:glycoprotein glucosyltransferase (UGGT), cargo receptors (such as VIP36 and
Pengli Xiao et al.
Gene, 547(2), 300-309 (2014-07-06)
Macrophage polarization contributes to the initiation and perpetuation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Our previous study demonstrated that M2b polarized macrophages induced by activated lymphocyte-derived DNA (ALD-DNA) have a crucial function in the initiation and progress of SLE disease. Accumulated
Ana M Brokate-Llanos et al.
Genetics, 198(4), 1559-1569 (2014-10-10)
Type III galactosemia is a metabolic disorder caused by reduced activity of UDP-galactose-4-epimerase, which participates in galactose metabolism and the generation of various UDP-sugar species. We characterized gale-1 in Caenorhabditis elegans and found that a complete loss-of-function mutation is lethal
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