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Baruch I Kanner
Nature structural & molecular biology, 20(10), 1142-1144 (2013-10-08)
Sodium-coupled glutamate transporters regulate excitatory signaling in the brain. A new crystal structure shows how the substrate induces changes in the binding pocket of an archaeal transporter homolog, providing new insights into the mechanism of transport.
C J L Silwood et al.
Journal of dental research, 81(6), 422-427 (2002-07-05)
We have explored the ability of high-resolution NMR techniques to (1) index salivary biomolecules and (2) provide valuable data regarding intra- and inter-subject variability in the concentrations of a series of components readily determinable by this technique (organic acids and
Junbo Li et al.
Luminescence : the journal of biological and chemical luminescence, 30(5), 643-648 (2014-10-28)
In an HCl medium (pH 1.5), ligustrazine (2,3,5,6-tetramethylpyrazine, TMP) reacted with 12-tungstophosphoric acid (TP) to form a 3 : 1 ion-association complex. As a result, the intensities of resonance Rayleigh scattering (RRS), second-order scattering (SOS) and frequency doubling scattering (FDS) were
Mark G Jones et al.
Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry, 361(1-2), 150-158 (2005-07-05)
Previous work by others have suggested the occurrence of one or more chemical or metabolic 'markers' for ME/CFS including specific amino acids and organic acids and a number of unidentified compounds (CFSUM1, CFSUM2). We have shown elsewhere that CFSUM1 is
Kelsey H Fisher-Wellman et al.
Cell reports, 24(13), 3593-3606 (2018-09-27)
Chronic metabolic diseases have been linked to molecular signatures of mitochondrial dysfunction. Nonetheless, molecular remodeling of the transcriptome, proteome, and/or metabolome does not necessarily translate to functional consequences that confer physiologic phenotypes. The work here aims to bridge the gap
Ming Li et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 16(5), 9134-9151 (2015-04-29)
Paroxysmal kinesigenic choreoathetosis (PKC) is an inherited disease of the nervous system. We previously identified PRRT2 as the causative gene of PKC. However, as little is known about the function of PRRT2, elucidating its function will benefit not only PKC
Yuanyuan Chen et al.
Molecular pharmacology, 86(2), 231-242 (2014-06-11)
Aspartyl aminopeptidase (DNPEP) has been implicated in the control of angiotensin signaling and endosome trafficking, but its precise biologic roles remain incompletely defined. We performed a high-throughput screen of ∼25,000 small molecules to identify inhibitors of DNPEP for use as
Beatrice Bocca et al.
Annali dell'Istituto superiore di sanita, 41(2), 197-203 (2005-10-26)
The haematic concentration of 26 metals and the oxidative damage in 60 patients (20 males and 40 females) affected by Alzheimer's disease and 44 healthy individuals (33 males and 11 females) were compared. In patients, the following significant (p <
Antonio C Ruzzini et al.
Biochemistry, 52(42), 7428-7438 (2013-09-27)
The meta-cleavage product (MCP) hydrolases utilize a Ser-His-Asp triad to hydrolyze a carbon-carbon bond. Hydrolysis of the MCP substrate has been proposed to proceed via an enol-to-keto tautomerization followed by a nucleophilic mechanism of catalysis. Ketonization involves an intermediate, ES(red)
Song Yi et al.
Nature protocols, 12(11), 2323-2341 (2017-10-06)
A complete understanding of human cancer variants requires new methods to systematically and efficiently assess the functional effects of genomic mutations at a large scale. Here, we describe a set of tools to rapidly clone and stratify thousands of cancer
C J McClain et al.
Gut, 21(4), 318-323 (1980-04-01)
Blood methanethiol and ammonia concentrations were measured in 16 healty volunteers, 52 consecutive alcoholic cirrhotics without overt hepatic encephalopathy (HE), and 42 consecutive patients with alcoholic liver disease and overt HE. The mean concentration of blood methanethiol was significantly greater
F Granata et al.
The neuroradiology journal, 26(3), 277-283 (2013-07-19)
The cognitive dysmetria theory suggests a disconnectivity between the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, thalami and vermis to explain the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. This study investigated the metabolic integrity of this neurologic circuit in patients with schizophrenia using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Christoph B Messner et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 114(28), 7403-7407 (2017-06-28)
The evolutionary origins of metabolism, in particular the emergence of the sugar phosphates that constitute glycolysis, the pentose phosphate pathway, and the RNA and DNA backbone, are largely unknown. In cells, a major source of glucose and the large sugar
Rachael M Giersch et al.
Bio-protocol, 7(18) (2017-10-31)
Genome manipulation has become more accessible given the advent of the CRISPR (Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats) editing technology. The Cas9 endonuclease binds a single stranded (single guide) RNA (sgRNA) fragment that recruits the complex to a corresponding genomic
Jennifer L Kellie et al.
Biochemistry, 52(48), 8753-8765 (2013-10-31)
8-Oxoguanine (OG) is one of the most frequently occurring forms of DNA damage and is particularly deleterious since it forms a stable Hoogsteen base pair with adenine (A). The repair of an OG:A mispair is initiated by adenine-DNA glycosylase (MutY)
Giles S Kendall et al.
Radiology, 271(1), 230-238 (2014-01-31)
To determine (a) whether diffuse white matter injury of prematurity is associated with an increased choline (Cho)-to-creatine (Cr) ratio and a reduced N-acetylaspartate (NAA)-to-Cho ratio and whether these measures can be used as biomarkers of outcome and (b) if changes
Przemyslaw Swiatkowski et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 433(3), 354-357 (2013-03-21)
In the pharynx of Caenorhabditis elegans, the accessory subunit MPS-4, homolog to human KCNE1, forms a complex with K(+) channel EXP-2 that terminates the action potential. An aspartate residue critical for KCNE1 function, asp76, is conserved in MPS-4 (asp74). Here
Xin Yang et al.
Annals of neurology, 75(4), 492-507 (2013-11-19)
Hypoglycemia is a common adverse event and can injure central nervous system (CNS) white matter (WM). We determined whether glutamate receptors were involved in hypoglycemic WM injury. Mouse optic nerves (MON), CNS WM tracts, were maintained at 37°C with oxygenated
Heidi Turkia et al.
Talanta, 131, 366-371 (2014-10-05)
The amino acid composition of cultivation broth is known to affect the biomass accumulation, productivity, and vitality of yeast during cultivation. A separation method based on capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) detection was developed for the determination of amino
Jing-Li Gan et al.
Psychiatry research, 223(1), 23-27 (2014-05-17)
Early onset schizophrenia (EOS) is often associated with poorer outcomes, including lack of school education, higher risk of mental disability and resistance to treatment. But the knowledge of the neurobiological mechanism of EOS is limited. Here, using proton magnetic resonance
N Andres Parra et al.
International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics, 90(2), 376-384 (2014-07-30)
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and computed tomography (CT) are used almost exclusively in radiation therapy planning of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), despite their well-recognized limitations. MR spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) can identify biochemical patterns associated with normal brain and tumor, predominantly by
Ahmad Farooq et al.
American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 307(7), G732-G740 (2014-08-12)
Activation of the cytosolic inflammasome machinery is responsible for acute and chronic liver inflammation, but little is known about its regulation. The N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor families are heterotetrameric ligand-gated ion channels that are activated by a range of metabolites, including
Thanate Juntadech et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1838(1 Pt B), 319-327 (2013-10-15)
Bacillus thuringiensis Cry4Ba toxin is lethal to mosquito-larvae by forming ion-permeable pores in the target midgut cell membrane. Previously, the polarity of Asn(166) located within the α4-α5 loop composing the Cry4Ba pore-forming domain was shown to be crucial for larvicidal
J K Nicholson et al.
The Biochemical journal, 217(2), 365-375 (1984-01-15)
Resonances for the ketone bodies 3-D-hydroxybutyrate, acetone and acetoacetate are readily detected in serum, plasma and urine samples from fasting and diabetic subjects by 1H n.m.r. spectroscopy at 400 MHz. Besides the simultaneous observation of metabolites, the major advantage of
Oliver Wahl et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 102, 100-109 (2014-09-30)
Magnesium supplementation in form of organic magnesium salts is a very popular practice. We examined the enantiomeric purity of "Magnesium aspartate dihydrate" monographed in the European Pharmacopeia. A chiral capillary zone electrophoresis using (2-hydroxypropyl)-β-cyclodextrin coupled to laser induced fluorescence detection
Veronica H Flood et al.
Blood, 121(18), 3742-3744 (2013-03-23)
The diagnosis of von Willebrand disease (VWD) is complicated by issues with current laboratory testing, particularly the ristocetin cofactor activity assay (VWF:RCo). We have recently reported a sequence variation in the von Willebrand factor (VWF) A1 domain, p.D1472H (D1472H), associated
Tamami Uejima et al.
Acta crystallographica. Section D, Biological crystallography, 69(Pt 3), 345-351 (2013-03-23)
Rab small GTPases regulate vesicle transport in eukaryotes by interacting with various effectors. Guanine nucleotide-exchange factor (GEF) catalyzes the transition from inactive GDP-bound Rab to active GTP-bound Rab. The existence of several GDP-bound intermediates containing the Arabidopsis thaliana Rab5 homologue
Yan Chen et al.
Current biology : CB, 27(18), 2741-2750 (2017-09-12)
Carboxylic acids are present in many foods, being especially abundant in fruits. Yet, relatively little is known about how acids are detected by gustatory systems and whether they have a potential role in nutrition or provide other health benefits. Here
Jan Stein et al.
Oxidative medicine and cellular longevity, 2021, 6924251-6924251 (2021-10-26)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is the most common motor neuron disease in humans and remains to have a fatal prognosis. Recent studies in animal models and human ALS patients indicate that increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) play an important role
Zhongli Yang et al.
Neuroscience letters, 555, 215-219 (2013-10-01)
Recently, we reported that several polymorphisms and haplotypes in the choline acetyltransferase gene (ChAT) are associated with nicotine dependence (ND). Of them, SNP rs1880676 is of particular interest because: (1) it is a non-synonymous variant located in the coding region
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