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Youya Nakazawa et al.
Cancer science, 106(2), 201-207 (2014-12-03)
Almost all cancers show intrinsic and/or evasive resistance to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitors by multiple mechanisms. Serum angiopoietin-2 (Ang2) level has been proposed as a potential biomarker of VEGF inhibitor response in several cancers. From these clinical observations
David C Manns et al.
Probiotics and antimicrobial proteins, 6(3-4), 198-207 (2014-09-14)
YvgO is a recently characterized antifungal protein isolated from Bacillus thuringiensis SF361 that exhibits a broad spectrum of activity and pH stability. Customized colorimetric metabolic assays based on standard broth microdilution techniques were used to determine the variable tolerance of
Liran Baram et al.
Journal of gastroenterology and hepatology, 29(12), 1976-1984 (2014-08-06)
Crohn's disease (CD) is characterized by loss of tolerance to intestinal microorganisms. This is reflected by serological responses to fungal glycans such as mannan and β-glucans. Fungal glycans have various effects on immune cells. However, the evidence for their effects
Hui Shen et al.
Infection and immunity, 83(7), 2694-2704 (2015-04-22)
Fungi can shield surface pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) for evading host immune attack. The most common and opportunistic human pathogen, Candida albicans, can shield β-(1 3)-glucan on the cell wall, one of the major PAMPs, to avoid host phagocyte Dectin-1
Evelina Vågesjö et al.
Cell transplantation, 24(2), 263-276 (2014-02-01)
The only clinically available curative treatment of type 1 diabetes mellitus is replacement of the pancreatic islets by allogeneic transplantation, which requires immunosuppressive therapies. Regimens used today are associated with serious adverse effects and impaired islet engraftment and function. The
Mark S Lowenthal et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 407(18), 5453-5462 (2015-05-01)
Chromatographic separation of monosaccharides hydrolyzed from glycoconjugates or complex, aggregate biomaterials, can be achieved by classic analytical methods without a need for derivatizing the monosaccharide subunits. A simple and sensitive method is presented for characterizing underivatized monosaccharides following hydrolysis from
Javier Sánchez-Martín et al.
Plant, cell & environment, 38(7), 1434-1452 (2014-12-24)
Although a wealth of information is available on the induction of one or several drought-related responses in different species, little is known of how their timing, modulation and crucially integration influence drought tolerance. Based upon metabolomic changes in oat (Avena
Hideko Ohama et al.
The American journal of pathology, 185(2), 420-431 (2014-12-09)
Alcohol abuse was found to predispose persons to opportunistic infections. In this study, we tried to improve the host antibacterial resistance of chronic alcohol-consuming (CAC) mice to opportunistic infections. Bactericidal macrophages with functions to produce IL-12 and to express mRNAs
Michiko Shimokawa et al.
Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry, 78(12), 2036-2044 (2014-08-27)
Two jacalin-related lectins (JRLs) were purified by mannose-agarose and melibiose-agarose from seeds of Treculia africana. One is galactose-recognizing JRL (gJRL), named T. africana agglutinin-G (TAA-G), and another one is mannose-recognizing JRL (mJRL), TAA-M. The yields of the two lectins from
Stephanie C Gordts et al.
The Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy, 70(6), 1674-1685 (2015-02-24)
This study aimed to assess the antiviral properties of a unique lectin (NICTABA) produced by the tobacco plant, Nicotiana tabacum. Cellular assays were used to investigate the antiviral activity of NICTABA and Urtica dioica agglutinin (UDA). Surface plasmon resonance (SPR)
Xiaobei Li et al.
Food chemistry, 166, 358-364 (2014-07-24)
The aim of this research was to study effects of drying methods on the tasty compounds of Pleurotus eryngii, a common commercial edible fungus. In order to maximally maintain the taste of P. eryngii, several different drying methods, including hot
M E Smith
Microscopy research and technique, 54(2), 81-94 (2001-07-17)
The microglial cell, after many years of neglect, has become recognized as the sole representative cell of the immune system that resides in the normal central nervous system. While normally dormant, microglia can be activated by secretory substances or signals
Pinkesh G Sutariya et al.
Talanta, 147, 590-597 (2015-11-26)
A new, simple, ultra-sensitive and selective approach has been reported for the "on spot" colorimetric detection of creatinine based on calix[4]arene functionalized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) with excellent discrimination in the presence of other biomolecules. The lower detection limit of the
Charles DeRossi et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 281(9), 5916-5927 (2005-12-13)
MPI encodes phosphomannose isomerase, which interconverts fructose 6-phosphate and mannose 6-phosphate (Man-6-P), used for glycoconjugate biosynthesis. MPI mutations in humans impair protein glycosylation causing congenital disorder of glycosylation Ib (CDG-Ib), but oral mannose supplements normalize glycosylation. To establish a mannose-responsive
Krešimir Šola et al.
The Plant cell, 31(4), 809-831 (2019-03-11)
Cell-to-cell adhesion is essential for establishment of multicellularity. In plants, such adhesion is mediated through a middle lamella composed primarily of pectic polysaccharides. The molecular interactions that influence cell-to-cell adhesion are not fully understood. We have used Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana)
Ellen C Dengler et al.
Journal of neuroinflammation, 11, 92-92 (2014-06-03)
Peri-spinal subarachnoid (intrathecal; i.t.) injection of non-viral naked plasmid DNA encoding the anti-inflammatory cytokine, IL-10 (pDNA-IL-10) suppresses chronic neuropathic pain in animal models. However, two sequential i.t. pDNA injections are required within a discrete 5 to 72-hour period for prolonged
Bithi Chatterjee et al.
Blood, 120(10), 2011-2020 (2012-07-14)
Dendritic cells (DCs) can capture extracellular antigens and load resultant peptides on to MHC class I molecules, a process termed cross presentation. The mechanisms of cross presentation remain incompletely understood, particularly in primary human DCs. One unknown is the extent
Patricia Bonin et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 22(20), 15347-15359 (2015-01-07)
The impact of petroleum contamination and of burrowing macrofauna on abundances of Marinobacter and denitrifiers was tested in marine sediment mesocoms after 3 months incubation. Quantification of this genus by qPCR with a new primer set showed that the main
Daniela Cavallone et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 279(1), 216-222 (2003-10-23)
Tamm-Horsfall glycoprotein (THP), the most abundant protein in mammalian urine, has been implicated in defending the urinary tract against infections by type 1-fimbriated Escherichia coli. Recent experimental evidence indicates that the defensive capability of THP relies on its single high
Yanmei Zou et al.
Tumour biology : the journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine, 36(7), 5179-5186 (2015-02-06)
In the present study, we investigated the effects and action mechanisms of a purified polysaccharide (APWP) from Andrographis paniculata, on human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) HepG2 cells. The results showed that APWP was able to suppress the proliferation of HepG2 cells
Ana Lúcia Rebelo et al.
STAR protocols, 2(1), 100237-100237 (2020-12-29)
Lectin histochemical analysis of tissues combined with immunohistochemistry is a valuable tool to characterize and correlate the spatial distribution of glycans with the presence of specific cell types or antigens of interest. The current protocol describes the application of monosaccharide
Troels R Kjaer et al.
Infection and immunity, 81(2), 452-459 (2012-11-28)
The three human ficolins (H-, L-, and M-ficolins) and mannan-binding lectin are pattern recognition molecules of the innate immune system mediating activation of the lectin pathway of the complement system. These four human proteins bind to some microorganisms and may
Xu Song et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 32(5), 1741-1751 (2014-11-20)
In this study, cationic mannosylated nanostructured lipid carriers (Man-NLCs) were developed for the targeted delivery of rifampicin to alveolar macrophages. Rifampicin loaded Man-NLCs (RFP-Man-NLCs) and rifampicin loaded unmodified nanostructured lipid carriers (REP-NLCs) were prepared using thin film homogenization method and
Kenji Okamoto et al.
SpringerPlus, 3, 121-121 (2014-03-14)
Second-generation bioethanol production requires the development of economically feasible and sustainable processes that use renewable lignocellulosic biomass as a starting material. However, the microbial fermentation of xylose, which is the principal pentose sugar in hemicellulose, is a limiting factor in
Jun Zhou et al.
Journal of ethnopharmacology, 164, 229-238 (2015-02-24)
Rehmannia glutinosa (Gaertn.) DC. (RG) has been widely used as traditional Chinese herbal medicine for treatment of diabetes and its complications. The polysaccharide fraction of RG has been proposed to possess hypoglycemic effect by intraperitoneal administration, however, the mechanisms responsible
Elena Enzo et al.
The EMBO journal, 34(10), 1349-1370 (2015-03-23)
Increased glucose metabolism and reprogramming toward aerobic glycolysis are a hallmark of cancer cells, meeting their metabolic needs for sustained cell proliferation. Metabolic reprogramming is usually considered as a downstream consequence of tumor development and oncogene activation; growing evidence indicates
Siniša Sić et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1408, 93-100 (2015-07-18)
Investigation of oligosaccharides attached to proteins as post-translational modification remains an important research field in the area of glycoproteomics as well as in biotechnology. The development of new tools for qualitative and quantitative analysis of glycans has gained high importance
Rafał Biedroń et al.
PloS one, 10(4), e0123293-e0123293 (2015-04-08)
The initiation of adaptive immune responses to protein antigens has to be preceded by their uptake by antigen presenting cells and intracellular proteolytic processing. Paradoxically, endocytic receptors involved in antigen uptake do not bind the majority of proteins, which may
Shuangquan Yao et al.
Bioresource technology, 185, 21-27 (2015-03-10)
To reduce the degradation of cellulose and obtain high molecular weight of hemicellulose from the extracts, pH pre-corrected hot water pretreatment was developed by employing sodium hydroxide (3.9mol/L). The response surface model was established to optimize the extraction process. The
Yingyu Wang et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 127, 215-221 (2015-05-13)
In this study, one polysaccharide (GFP1), with an average molecular weight of 1.4 × 10(5)Da, was isolated from Ginseng fruits. GFP1 was composed of galactose, glucose, rhamnose, and arabinose in a molar ratio of 6.1:2.0:1.1:3.2, and had a backbone mainly
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