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Zhixiao Liu et al.
Advanced science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany), 7(15), 1903583-1903583 (2020-08-11)
The physical cues in the extracellular environment play important roles in cancer cell metastasis. However, how metastatic cancer cells respond to the diverse mechanical environments of metastatic sites is not fully understood. Here, substrates with different mechanical properties are prepared
Tracey R O'Donovan et al.
PloS one, 10(8), e0134676-e0134676 (2015-08-08)
Many epithelial cancers, particularly gastrointestinal tract cancers, remain poor prognosis diseases, due to resistance to cytotoxic therapy and local or metastatic recurrence. We have previously shown that apoptosis incompetent esophageal cancer cells induce autophagy in response to chemotherapeutic agents and
Jianjia Fan et al.
Journal of lipid research, 59(5), 830-842 (2018-03-23)
apoE is the primary lipid carrier within the CNS and the strongest genetic risk factor for late onset Alzheimer's disease (AD). apoE is primarily lipidated via ABCA1, and both are under transcriptional regulation by the nuclear liver X receptor (LXR).
Alexis Rossignol et al.
mAbs, 9(3), 521-535 (2017-03-11)
Standardized and biologically relevant potency assays are required by the regulatory authorities for the characterization and quality control of therapeutic antibodies. As critical mechanisms of action (MoA) of antibodies, the antibody-dependent cell-meditated cytotoxicity (ADCC) and complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) must be
Takeshi Miura et al.
Cell biology international, 39(7), 808-815 (2015-02-14)
CHCR3, a member of the short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase superfamily, is a carbonyl reductase 3 enzyme in Chinese hamsters. Carbonyl reductase 3 in humans has been believed to involve the metabolism and/or pharmacokinetics of anthracycline drugs, and the mechanism underlying the gene
Wenchen Zhao et al.
Molecular brain, 13(1), 66-66 (2020-05-06)
Alzheimer's disease (AD), the leading cause of dementia, is a chronic neurodegenerative disease. Apolipoprotein E (apoE), which carries lipids in the brain in the form of lipoproteins, plays an undisputed role in AD pathophysiology. A high-throughput phenotypic screen was conducted
Yuejiao Huang et al.
Annals of translational medicine, 9(18), 1462-1462 (2021-11-05)
Heat shock protein A12B (HSPA12B) plays a considerable protective role for cells, tissues, and organs against various noxious conditions. However, the expression of HSPA12B in cancer biology remains controversial. This study aimed to investigate the expression of HSPA12B and its
Kazuko Yokota et al.
Annals of surgical oncology, 26(13), 4826-4834 (2019-09-25)
WiNTRLINC1 is a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) that positively regulates the Wnt pathway via achaete-scute complex homolog 2 (ASCL2) in colorectal cancer. ASCL2 was recently reported to play a critical role in chemoresistance, however clinical relevance of the WiNTRLINC1/ASCL2 axis
Erino Matsumoto et al.
PloS one, 14(3), e0212369-e0212369 (2019-03-14)
Regenerative medicine has received a lot of attention as a novel strategy for injuries and diseases that are difficult to cure using current techniques. Cell production, which is vital for regenerative medicine, has undergone remarkable progress via breakthroughs in developmental
Toshimichi Tanaka et al.
Annals of surgical oncology, 26(5), 1401-1411 (2019-02-02)
Treatment-resistance genes limiting anticancer therapy have not been well clarified in colorectal cancer (CRC). We explored gene expression profiles to identify biomarkers for predicting treatment resistance to an anticancer drug in CRC. Six CRC cell lines were treated with phenylbutyrate
Alice Abend et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 22(16) (2021-08-28)
Coupling of cells to biomaterials is a prerequisite for most biomedical applications; e.g., neuroelectrodes can only stimulate brain tissue in vivo if the electric signal is transferred to neurons attached to the electrodes' surface. Besides, cell survival in vitro also
Kotaro Abe et al.
Cancer medicine, 10(9), 3085-3100 (2021-04-08)
Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer-related death in developed countries; therefore, the generation of effective targeted therapeutic regimens is essential. Recently, gene therapy approaches toward malignant cells have emerged as attractive molecular therapeutics. Previous studies have indicated
Kazuo Takazawa et al.
The Kobe journal of medical sciences, 54(1), E14-E22 (2008-09-06)
Insulin induces translocation of the glucose transporter GLUT4 from intracellular storage compartment to the plasma membrane via complex mechanisms that require intact cytoskeletal networks. In cultured adipocytes, conventional kinesin motor proteins have been proposed to mediate GLUT4 movements on microtubules.
Yoshinobu Takahashi et al.
Oncology letters, 14(1), 264-270 (2017-07-12)
Whether the poor prognosis of primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) compared with systemic diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is attributable to the immune privilege of the intracerebral location or to intrinsic differences in the biological characteristics of two
Sandra Andersson et al.
Nature communications, 8, 15840-15840 (2017-06-24)
The discovery of oestrogen receptor β (ERβ/ESR2) was a landmark discovery. Its reported expression and homology with breast cancer pharmacological target ERα (ESR1) raised hopes for improved endocrine therapies. After 20 years of intense research, this has not materialized. We
Jangsoon Lee et al.
Biomedicines, 9(7) (2021-07-03)
Human epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) 2 (HER2) is overexpressed/amplified in about 25% of all breast cancers, and EGFR is overexpressed in up to 76% and amplified in up to 24% of triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC). Here, we aimed to
Peter T Ruane et al.
Reproduction (Cambridge, England), 156(5), 421-428 (2018-08-23)
In vitro culture during assisted reproduction technologies (ART) exposes pre-implantation embryos to environmental stressors, such as non-physiological nutritional, oxidative and osmotic conditions. The effects on subsequent implantation are not well understood but could contribute to poor ART efficiency and outcomes.
Arthur C Sletten et al.
Nature communications, 12(1), 5214-5214 (2021-09-03)
Dyslipidemia and resulting lipotoxicity are pathologic signatures of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes. Excess lipid causes cell dysfunction and induces cell death through pleiotropic mechanisms that link to oxidative stress. However, pathways that regulate the response to metabolic stress
Henri J Huttunen et al.
Journal of molecular neuroscience : MN, 37(1), 6-15 (2008-07-12)
A common pathogenic event that occurs in all forms of Alzheimer's disease is the progressive accumulation of amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) in brain regions responsible for higher cognitive functions. Inhibition of acyl-coenzyme A: cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT), which generates intracellular cholesteryl esters
Ali Afgar et al.
Cancer biology & therapy, 17(11), 1126-1138 (2016-10-25)
It is observed that upregulation of DNMT3B enzyme in some cancers, including colon cancer, could lead to silencing of tumor suppressor genes. MiR-339 and miR-766 have been predicted to target 3'UTR of DNMT3B gene. Luciferase reporter assay validated that individual
James H Cartwright et al.
Human molecular genetics, 29(11), 1797-1807 (2019-08-20)
Stillbirth is the loss of a fetus after 22 weeks of gestation, of which almost half go completely unexplained despite post-mortem. We recently sequenced 35 arrhythmia-associated genes from 70 unexplained stillbirth cases. Our hypothesis was that deleterious mutations in channelopathy genes
Michelle J Nyhan et al.
BMC cancer, 16, 101-101 (2016-02-18)
Successful treatment of oesophageal cancer is hampered by recurrent drug resistant disease. We have previously demonstrated the importance of apoptosis and autophagy for the recovery of oesophageal cancer cells following drug treatment. When apoptosis (with autophagy) is induced, these cells
Yubo Cheng et al.
EMBO reports, 22(5), e52255-e52255 (2021-03-02)
Despite significant steps in our understanding of Alzheimer's disease (AD), many of the molecular processes underlying its pathogenesis remain largely unknown. Here, we focus on the role of non-coding RNAs produced by small interspersed nuclear elements (SINEs). RNAs from SINE
Lilla Krokker et al.
Pathology oncology research : POR, 27, 640676-640676 (2021-07-15)
In vitro monolayer conditions are not able to reproduce the complexity of solid tumors, still, there is scarce information about the 3D cell culture models of endocrine tumor types. Therefore, our aim was to develop in vitro 3D tumor models
Antonio Celentano et al.
Scientific reports, 10(1), 15904-15904 (2020-09-29)
Kava is a beverage made from the ground roots of the plant Piper Methysticum. Active compounds of Kava have previously been demonstrated to exert an antiproliferative effect through cell cycle arrest and promotion of apoptosis. Our aim was to investigate
Heidi Olzscha et al.
Cell chemical biology, 24(1), 9-23 (2016-12-19)
Lysine acetylation is becoming increasingly recognized as a general biological principle in cellular homeostasis, and is subject to abnormal control in different human pathologies. Here, we describe a global effect on amyloid-like protein aggregation in human cells that results from
Fumitaka Kawakami et al.
PloS one, 7(1), e30834-e30834 (2012-02-04)
Leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2), a large protein kinase containing multi-functional domains, has been identified as the causal molecule for autosomal-dominant Parkinson's disease (PD). In the present study, we demonstrated for the first time that (i) LRRK2 interacts with tau
Chloe M Falvey et al.
Oncotarget, 8(14), 23479-23491 (2017-02-12)
Esophageal cancer remains a poor prognosis cancer due to advanced stage of presentation and drug resistant disease. To understand the molecular mechanisms influencing response to chemotherapy, we examined genes that are differentially expressed between drug sensitive, apoptosis competent esophageal cancer
Tsuyoshi Mishiro et al.
The EMBO journal, 28(9), 1234-1245 (2009-03-27)
Long-range regulatory elements and higher-order chromatin structure coordinate the expression of multiple genes in cluster, and CTCF/cohesin-mediated chromatin insulator may be a key in this regulation. The human apolipoprotein (APO) A1/C3/A4/A5 gene region, whose alterations increase the risk of dyslipidemia
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