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PHR1084

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Amy D Mackay et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 22(17) (2021-09-11)
Though effective in treating various types of cancer, the chemotherapeutic doxorubicin (DOX) is associated with skeletal muscle wasting and fatigue. The purpose of this study was to assess muscle function in situ following DOX administration in mice. Furthermore, pre-treatments with
Shintaro Fujihara et al.
International journal of oncology, 46(5), 2172-2180 (2015-02-25)
Esophageal carcinoma is the eighth most common cancer worldwide and the sixth leading cause of cancer-related deaths, with one of the worst prognoses of any form of cancer. Treatment with the anti-diabetic drug metformin has been associated with reduced cancer
Annette Wilisch-Neumann et al.
Journal of cancer research and clinical oncology, 140(8), 1343-1352 (2014-05-13)
The purpose was to re-evaluate in cell culture models the therapeutic usefulness of some discussed chemotherapies or targeted therapies for meningiomas with a special emphasis on the role of the neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) tumor suppressor, which had been neglected
Alba Luengo et al.
Molecular cell, 81(4), 691-707 (2021-01-01)
Aerobic glycolysis, or preferential fermentation of glucose-derived pyruvate to lactate despite available oxygen, is associated with proliferation across many organisms and conditions. To better understand that association, we examined the metabolic consequence of activating the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDH) to
Qi-Liang Mao-Ying et al.
PloS one, 9(6), e100701-e100701 (2014-06-24)
Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) characterized by loss of sensory sensitivity and pain in hands and feet is the major dose-limiting toxicity of many chemotherapeutics. At present, there are no FDA-approved treatments for CIPN. The anti-diabetic drug metformin is the most
Roberto Pontarolo et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 965, 133-141 (2014-07-13)
The objective of this work was to develop and validate a HILIC-MS/MS method for the simultaneous determination of metformin and vildagliptin in human plasma. Chromatographic separation was achieved using an Atlantis HILIC Silica 150-mm × 2.1-mm, 3-μm particle size column
P H Marathe et al.
British journal of clinical pharmacology, 50(4), 325-332 (2000-09-30)
The purpose of this in vivo human study was to assess the effect of altered gastric emptying and gastrointestinal motility on the absorption of metformin in healthy subjects. An open-label, three treatment, three period crossover study was conducted in 11
Dubek Kazyken et al.
Science signaling, 12(585) (2019-06-13)
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) senses energetic stress and, in turn, promotes catabolic and suppresses anabolic metabolism coordinately to restore energy balance. We found that a diverse array of AMPK activators increased mTOR complex 2 (mTORC2) signaling in an AMPK-dependent manner
Teng Jiang et al.
British journal of pharmacology, 171(13), 3146-3157 (2014-03-13)
Recent clinical trials report that metformin, an activator of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) used to treat type 2 diabetes, significantly reduces the risk of stroke by actions that are independent of its glucose-lowering effects. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are
Stability-indicating HPTLC method for simultaneous determination of nateglinide and metformin hydrochloride in pharmaceutical dosage form
Thomas BA, et al.
Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal : SPJ : The Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society, 19(4), 221-231 (2011)
Linh N K Tran et al.
In vivo (Athens, Greece), 33(1), 99-108 (2018-12-28)
The hypoglycemic drug metformin (MET) and the anti-epileptic drug valproic acid (VPA) have individually shown anti-tumor effects in prostate cancer in vitro. The present study intended to investigate the efficacy of the combination of MET and VPA in prostate cancer
Li-Shu Guo et al.
Die Pharmazie, 70(2), 117-122 (2015-05-23)
Metformin is usually used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Recently, many studies suggest that metformin and vitamin D have broad-spectrum antitumor activities. Our aim in this research was to study the effects of vitamin D3 combined with metformin
J-D Lalau et al.
Diabetes, obesity & metabolism, 5(2), 93-98 (2003-03-13)
Although pharmacokinetics studies have long suggested a deep compartment for the antidiabetic drug metformin, there is still little information concerning metformin accumulation by individual tissues in man. In the present study, the erythrocyte was chosen to represent this putative deep
Kehinde U A Adekola et al.
Leukemia & lymphoma, 56(2), 450-459 (2014-05-16)
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) remains fatal due to the development of resistance to existing therapies. Targeting abnormal glucose metabolism sensitizes various cancer cells to chemotherapy and/or elicits toxicity. Examination of glucose dependency in CLL demonstrated variable sensitivity to glucose deprivation.
Wen-Qi Ma et al.
Free radical biology & medicine, 165, 229-242 (2021-01-30)
Ferroptosis is a form of regulated cell death that involves metabolic dysfunction resulting from iron-dependent excessive lipid peroxidation. Elevated plasma levels of free fatty acids are tightly associated with cardiometabolic risk factors in patients with obesity, diabetes mellitus, and metabolic
L C Morin-Papunen et al.
The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism, 85(9), 3161-3168 (2000-09-22)
Metformin, a biguanide antihyperglycemic drug, has been shown to improve ovarian function and glucose metabolism in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), but results concerning its effects on insulin sensitivity are controversial. Oral contraceptive pills are commonly used in the
Marouan Zarrouk et al.
PloS one, 9(9), e106710-e106710 (2014-09-03)
The anti-diabetic drug metformin regulates T-cell responses to immune activation and is proposed to function by regulating the energy-stress-sensing adenosine-monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK). However, the molecular details of how metformin controls T cell immune responses have not been studied nor
J De Jager et al.
Journal of internal medicine, 257(1), 100-109 (2004-12-21)
The UK Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS) showed that treatment with metformin decreases macrovascular morbidity and mortality independent of glycaemic control. We hypothesized that metformin may achieve this by improving endothelial function and chronic, low-grade inflammation. Data on this issue are
Heetae Lee et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 80(19), 5935-5943 (2014-07-20)
Metformin is commonly used as the first line of medication for the treatment of metabolic syndromes, such as obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Recently, metformin-induced changes in the gut microbiota have been reported; however, the relationship between metformin treatment
Marianne Vath et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 967, 211-218 (2014-08-16)
A high throughput LC-MS/MS method for quantification of metformin substrate uptake enables conversion of radiometric transporter inhibition assays for multidrug and toxin extrusion transporters (MATE 1 and 2) and organic cation transporter 2 (OCT2) to a nonradioactive format. Such conversion
F G Seale et al.
The Journal of reproductive medicine, 45(6), 507-510 (2000-07-20)
Infertility is a common manifestation of the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a condition characterized by chronic anovulation, hyperinsulinemia and hyperandrogenism. Hyperinsulinemia leads to increased ovarian androgen production, resulting in follicular atresia and anovulation. Metformin, a medication that improves insulin sensitivity
Fabian Müller et al.
European journal of clinical pharmacology, 71(1), 85-94 (2015-01-02)
N(1)-methylnicotinamide (NMN) was proposed as an in vivo probe for drug interactions involving renal cation transporters, which, for example, transport the oral antidiabetic drug metformin, based on a study with the inhibitor pyrimethamine. The role of NMN for predicting other
P S Gillies et al.
Drugs, 60(2), 333-343 (2000-09-13)
Pioglitazone is an orally administered insulin sensitising thiazolidinedione agent that has been developed for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Pioglitazone activates the nuclear peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma), which leads to the increased transcription of various proteins regulating
Seung Yeop Han et al.
PLoS genetics, 16(12), e1009258-e1009258 (2020-12-15)
Mutations in human N-glycanase 1 (NGLY1) cause the first known congenital disorder of deglycosylation (CDDG). Patients with this rare disease, which is also known as NGLY1 deficiency, exhibit global developmental delay and other phenotypes including neuropathy, movement disorder, and constipation.
N Amador-Licona et al.
Archives of medical research, 31(6), 571-575 (2001-03-21)
Renal hyperfiltration and albuminuria have a deleterious effect on kidney function. Therefore, we studied the effect of metformin on blood pressure, renal hemodynamics, and microalbuminuria in type 2 diabetic patients. A clinical trial was designed in type 2 diabetic patients
Tharcisio Citrangulo Tortelli et al.
Aging, 13(18), 21914-21940 (2021-09-17)
Metformin has been tested as an anti-cancer therapy with potential to improve conventional chemotherapy. However, in some cases, metformin fails to sensitize tumors to chemotherapy. Here we test if the presence of P53 could predict the activity of metformin as
Dietmar Zechner et al.
BMC cancer, 15, 51-51 (2015-04-18)
We explored if known risk factors for pancreatic cancer such as type II diabetes and chronic inflammation, influence the pathophysiology of an established primary tumor in the pancreas and if administration of metformin has an impact on tumor growth. Pancreatic
Silvija Jankeviciute et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 22(17) (2021-09-11)
Microglial functioning depends on Ca2+ signaling. By using Ca2+ sensitive fluorescence dye, we studied how inhibition of mitochondrial respiration changed spontaneous Ca2+ signals in soma of microglial cells from 5-7-day-old rats grown under normoxic and mild-hypoxic conditions. In microglia under
T Kouki et al.
Diabetic medicine : a journal of the British Diabetic Association, 22(3), 346-347 (2005-02-19)
One of the clinical features of myotonic dystrophy is insulin resistance with non-obese diabetes mellitus (DM). Recently, the mechanism of insulin resistance in patients with myotonic dystrophy was revealed. The optimal treatment of DM with myotonic dystrophy has not been
Haitao Guo et al.
Nature immunology, 22(4), 423-433 (2021-03-27)
Individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) show metabolic alterations of CD4+ T cells through unclear mechanisms with undefined consequences. We analyzed the transcriptome of CD4+ T cells from patients with HIV-1 and revealed that the elevated oxidative phosphorylation
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