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Optimization of cellulase mixture for efficient hydrolysis of steam-exploded corn stover by statistically designed experiments.

Bioresource technology (2008-09-06)
Jin Zhou, Yong-Hong Wang, Ju Chu, Ling-Zhi Luo, Ying-Ping Zhuang, Si-Liang Zhang
ABSTRACT

To improve the enzymatic hydrolytic efficiency and reduce production cost, a statistically designed experimental approach was used to optimize the composition of cellulase mixture so as to maximize the amount of glucose produced from steam-exploded corn stover (SECS). Using seven purified enzymes (cellobiohydrolases, Cel7A, Cel6A, Cel6B; endoglucanases, Cel7B, Cel12A, Cel61A; and beta-glucosidase) from Trichoderma viride T 100-14 mutant strain, a multi-enzyme mixture was constituted after screening and optimization. The final optimal composition (mol%) of the multi-enzyme mixture was Cel7A (19.8%), Cel6A (37.5%), Cel6B (4.7%), Cel7B (17.7%), Cel12A (15.2%), Cel61A (2.3%) and beta-glucosidase (2.8%). The subsequent verification experiments followed by glucose assay together with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observation confirmed the validity of the models. The multi-enzyme mixture displayed a high performance in converting the cellulosic substrate (SECS). The amount of glucose produced (15.5mg/ml) was 2.1 times as that of the crude cellulase preparation. The results indicated that the optimized cellulase mixture is an available and efficient paradigm for the hydrolysis of lignocellulosic substrate. The enhanced cellulolytic activity displayed by the constructed cellulase mixture could be used as an effective tool for producing bioethanol efficiently from cellulose.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Cellulase from Trichoderma sp., BioReagent, suitable for plant cell culture, 3-10 units/mg solid