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Ordered mesoporous carbon film as an effective solid-phase microextraction coating for determination of benzene series from aqueous media.

Analytica chimica acta (2015-09-01)
Hui Jiang, Jiansheng Li, Mingyue Jiang, Rui Lu, Jinyou Shen, Xiuyun Sun, Weiqing Han, Lianjun Wang
ABSTRACT

The present work reports preparation of ordered mesoporous carbon (OMC) film supported on a graphite fiber as a new type of solid-phase microextraction (SPME) fiber for determination of benzene series from aqueous media. The strategy for the supported OMC film preparation was combined dip-coating technology with solvent evaporation-induced self-assembly (EISA) approach. A graphite fiber was immersed in an ethanol solution containing phenolic resin and Pluronic triblock copolymer. Upon solvent evaporation and subsequent pyrolysis under 700 °C, the phenolic resin and the surfactant self-assembled on the surface of the graphite fiber to form smooth OMC film. X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and nitrogen isothermal adsorption results indicate that the resultant OMC film possesses well-ordered two dimensional hexagonal mesostructure with pore diameters of 4.5 nm and BET surfaces of 630 m(2)/g. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) studies show the supported OMC film with thickness at 8.5 μm is continuous and defect-free. The SPME efficiency of the OMC fiber was evaluated by analysis of five benzene series (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, p-xylene and m-xylene) from water samples by gas chromatography-flame ionization detection (GC-FID). The analysis results indicate that the prepared OMC fiber has wide linear ranges (0.5-500 μg/L), low detection limits (0.01-0.05 μg/L) and good repeatabilities (4.0-5.8% for one fiber, 2.9-8.7% for fiber-to-fiber). Compared with commercial counterparts, the OMC fiber exhibits improved extraction efficiency for benzene series and PAHs.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
SPME fiber assortment kit 5, needle size 23 ga, for use with autosampler
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly, Carbowax-Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) Coating, needle size 23 ga, df 60 μm (PEG), for use with autosampler
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly, Carbowax-Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) Coating, needle size 23 ga, df 60 μm (PEG), metal alloy fiber, for use with manual holder
Supelco
IonSense® PDMS/DVB SPE-it Tips, pkg of 96 ea
Supelco
SPME LC Tips, C18, tray of 96 ea
Supelco
SPME Fiber Assembly Polydimethylsiloxane/Divinylbenzene (PDMS/DVB), df 65 μm (PDMS/DVB), for use with autosampler, needle size 23 ga, metal alloy fiber
Supelco
SPME fiber assortment kit 1, for use with autosampler, needle size 23 ga
Supelco
SPME fiber assortment kit 4, for use with autosampler, needle size 23 ga
Supelco
SPME fiber assortment kit 2, for use with autosampler, size 24 ga
Supelco
SPME fiber assortment kit 4, for use with manual holder, size 24 ga
Supelco
SPME fiber assortment kit 1, for use with manual holder, needle size 24 ga
Supelco
SPME Fiber Assembly Polydimethylsiloxane/Divinylbenzene (PDMS/DVB), df 65 μm (PDMS/DVB), needle size 24 ga, for use with autosampler
Supelco
SPME StableFlex fiber assortment kit, for use with manual holder
Supelco
SPME Fiber Assembly Polydimethylsiloxane/Divinylbenzene (PDMS/DVB), df 65 μm (PDMS/DVB), needle size 24 ga, StableFlex, for use with autosampler
Supelco
SPME Fiber Assembly Polydimethylsiloxane/Divinylbenzene (PDMS/DVB), df 65 μm (PDMS/DVB), needle size 24 ga, for use with manual holder
Supelco
SPME fiber assortment kit 2, for use with manual holder, needle size 24 ga
Supelco
SPME fiber assortment kit 4, for use with autosampler, size 24 ga
Supelco
SPME Fiber Assembly Polydimethylsiloxane/Divinylbenzene (PDMS/DVB), df 65 μm (PDMS/DVB), needle size 24 ga, StableFlex, for use with manual holder
Supelco
SPME fiber assortment kit 1, for use with autosampler, needle size 24 ga
Supelco
SPME Fiber Assembly Polydimethylsiloxane/Divinylbenzene (PDMS/DVB), fused silica fiber, df 65 μm (PDMS/DVB), for use with manual holder, needle size 23 ga
Supelco
SPME StableFlex fiber assortment kit, for use with autosampler, needle size 24 ga
Supelco
SPME Fiber Assembly Polydimethylsiloxane/Divinylbenzene (PDMS/DVB), df 65 μm (PDMS/DVB), for use with autosampler, needle size 23 ga
Supelco
SPME StableFlex fiber assortment kit, needle size 23 ga, for use with autosampler
Supelco
SPME Fiber Assembly Polydimethylsiloxane/Divinylbenzene (PDMS/DVB), df 65 μm (PDMS/DVB), needle size 23 ga, PDMS/DVB StableFlex, for use with autosampler
Supelco
SPME fiber assortment kit 2, for use with autosampler, needle size 23 ga
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), df 7 μm (PDMS), needle size 24 ga, for use with autosampler
Supelco
SPME Portable Field Sampler, coating CAR/PDMS
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), df 100 μm (PDMS), for use with manual holder, needle size 23 ga
Sigma-Aldrich
(±)-Propylene oxide, ReagentPlus®, ≥99%
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), df 30 μm (PDMS), needle size 24 ga, for use with autosampler