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02483

Supelco

Ethanol

standard for GC

Sinônimo(s):
Ethyl alcohol
Fórmula linear:
CH3CH2OH
Número CAS:
Peso molecular:
46.07
Beilstein:
1718733
Número EC:
Número MDL:
ID de substância PubChem:
NACRES:
NA.24

Nível de qualidade

100

grau

analytical standard
standard for GC

densidade de vapor

1.59 (vs air)

pressão de vapor

44.6 mmHg ( 20 °C)

teor

≥99.9% (GC)

temperatura de autoignição

683 °F

prazo de validade

limited shelf life, expiry date on the label

Lim. expl.

19 %, 60 °F

technique(s)

HPLC: suitable
gas chromatography (GC): suitable

índice de refração

n20/D 1.3600 (lit.)
n20/D 1.362

pb

78 °C (lit.)

pf

−114 °C (lit.)

densidade

0.789 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

application(s)

environmental

formato

neat

SMILES string

CCO

InChI

1S/C2H6O/c1-2-3/h3H,2H2,1H3

InChI key

LFQSCWFLJHTTHZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Descrição geral

Ethanol is a clear, colorless liquid, which can prepared by fermentation of certain carbohydrates. It is used as a topical disinfectant as it has bactericidal activity. It is the primary ingredient in alcoholic beverages, and is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations. As a solvent of substances intended for human contact or consumption, it is widely used in colorings, scents, flavorings, and medicines. Ethanol has a depressive effect on the central nervous system (CNS), and owing to its psychoactive effects, it is considered a drug. Ethanol has a complex mode of action and affects multiple systems in the brain, most notably it acts as an agonist to the GABA receptors. It is also a gasoline additive and mostly used as an alternative to petroleum as it can reduce CO and CO2 levels during emission when compared to other fossil fuels.

Aplicação

Ethanol has been used as internal standard in GC-MS analysis for the determination of methanol and free glycerol in biodiesel. It may have been used as reference standard in GC analysis for determination of ethanol in beer.

Outras notas

Sales restrictions may apply

Nota de rodapé

1Distribution and use of ethyl alcohol in Switzerland require a license from the Swiss Federal Alcohol Administration

Pictogramas

FlameExclamation mark

Palavra indicadora

Danger

Frases de perigo

Classificações de perigo

Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 2

Código de classe de armazenamento

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 1

Ponto de fulgor (ºF)

55.4 °F

Ponto de fulgor (ºC)

13 °C

Equipamento de proteção individual

Eyeshields, Faceshields, Gloves, type ABEK (EN14387) respirator filter

Certificado de análise

Certificado de origem

Determination of ethanol in beer by direct injection gas chromatography: a comparison of six identical systems
Clarkson, S.P., Ormrod, I.H.L., Sharpe, F.R.
Journal of the Institute of Brewing, 101.3, 191-193 (1995)
Simultaneous gas chromatographic determination of methanol and free glycerol in biodiesel
Mittelbach, M., Roth, G; and Bergmann, A.
Chromatographia, 42.7, 431-434 (1996)
Stefan Wieland et al.
Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.), 59(6), 2121-2130 (2013-10-15)
Approximately 50% of patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) have ongoing expression of interferon stimulated genes (ISGs) in the liver. It is unclear why this endogenous antiviral response is inefficient in eradicating the infection. Several viral escape strategies have been
S Enocksson et al.
The Journal of clinical investigation, 95(5), 2239-2245 (1995-05-01)
Although it is well established in several mammalian species that beta 3-adrenoceptors play a major role in regulating lipolysis and thermogenesis in adipose tissue, the functional existence and role of this receptor subtype in man has been controversial. We investigated
Gian Marco Leggio et al.
Neuropsychopharmacology : official publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology, 39(8), 2017-2028 (2014-03-04)
Mesolimbic dopamine (DA) controls drug- and alcohol-seeking behavior, but the role of specific DA receptor subtypes is unclear. We tested the hypothesis that D3R gene deletion or the D3R pharmacological blockade inhibits ethanol preference in mice. D3R-deficient mice (D3R(-/-)) and

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