Merck
Todas as fotos(2)

185914

Sigma-Aldrich

Furfural

99%

Sinônimo(s):
2-Furaldehyde, Furan-2-carboxaldehyde
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C5H4O2
Número CAS:
Peso molecular:
96.08
Beilstein:
105755
Número EC:
Número MDL:
eCl@ss:
39150703
ID de substância PubChem:
NACRES:
NA.21

Nível de qualidade

100

densidade de vapor

3.31 (vs air)

pressão de vapor

13.5 mmHg ( 55 °C)

teor

99%

forma

liquid

temperatura de autoignição

599 °F

Lim. expl.

19.3 %

índice de refração

n20/D 1.525 (lit.)

pb

162 °C (lit.)

pf

−36 °C (lit.)

densidade

1.16 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

[H]C(=O)c1ccco1

InChI

1S/C5H4O2/c6-4-5-2-1-3-7-5/h1-4H

InChI key

HYBBIBNJHNGZAN-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Descrição geral

Furfural is a heterocyclic aldehyde. It can be produced from agricultural raw materials containing pentosans and lignocellulosic feedstock. It is also obtained from xylose, via dehydration. Furan has various interesting properties, such as it thermosets easily, has physical strength and exhibits resistance to corrosion. It is a raw material for the production of various furan-based chemicals and solvents such as:
  • methylfuran
  • furfuryl alcohol
  • tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol
  • tetrahydrofuran
  • methyltetrahydrofuran
  • dihydropyran
  • furoic acid

Aplicação

Furfural undergoes hydrogenation in the vapor-phase over copper-containing catalysts to form furfuryl alcohol as the predominant product. It may also be used to prepare gel precursors for phenol-furfural aerogels.
Furfural has been employed as a standard for the HPLC quantification of furfural in the autohydrolysate liquor obtained from microwave-irradiated maize bran. It may be used in the preparation of γ-valerolactone (GVL) and biofuel 2-methylfuran (51% yield).

Embalagem

5, 100, 4×100, 500 mL in glass bottle
2.5 L in glass bottle

Palavra indicadora

Danger

Classificações de perigo

Acute Tox. 2 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Acute Tox. 4 Dermal - Aquatic Chronic 3 - Carc. 2 - Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 3 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

Órgãos-alvo

Respiratory system

Código de classe de armazenamento

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 2

Ponto de fulgor (ºF)

136.4 °F - closed cup

Ponto de fulgor (ºC)

58 °C - closed cup

Equipamento de proteção individual

Eyeshields, Faceshields, Gloves, type ABEK (EN14387) respirator filter

Certificado de análise

Insira o número de lote para pesquisar o Certificado de análise (COA).

Certificado de origem

Insira o número de lote para pesquisar o Certificado de origem (COO).

Hydrogenation of furfural over copper-containing catalysts.
Seo G and Chon H.
J. Catal., 67(2), 424-429 (1981)
Synthesis of organic and carbon aerogels from phenol-furfural by two-step polymerization.
Wu D and Fu R.
Microporous and Mesoporous Materials : The Official Journal of the International Zeolite Association, 96(1), 115-120 (2006)
Inhibition effects of furfural on aerobic batch cultivation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae growing on ethanol and/or acetic acid.
Taherzadeh MJ, et al.
Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, 90(4), 374-380 (2000)
Production of feruloylated arabinoxylo-oligosaccharides from maize (Zea mays) bran by microwave-assisted autohydrolysis.
Rose DJ and Inglett GE.
Food Chemistry, 119(4), 1613-1618 (2010)
Zeitsch KJ.
The chemistry and technology of furfural and its many by-products. , 13, 3-3 (2000)

Protocolos

HPLC Analysis of Furans on Ascentis® Express Phenyl-Hexyl as listed in ASTM method D5837-99

Separation of 5-Hydroxymethyl-2-furaldehyde; Furfuryl alcohol; Furfural; 2-Furyl methyl ketone; 5-Methyl-2-furaldehyde

HPLC Analysis of Furans on Ascentis® Express C18

Separation of 5-Hydroxymethyl-2-furaldehyde; Furfuryl alcohol; Furfural; 2-Furyl methyl ketone; 5-Methyl-2-furaldehyde

GC Analysis of Fermentation Compounds on a Packed Column (6.6% Carbowax® 20M on 80/120 Carbopack™ B AW)

Separation of Acetone; Acetic acid; Propionic acid; Ethyl butyrate; Ethanol; Isoamyl acetate; Isobutyric acid; 3-Methyl-2-butanol; Methyl acetate; 1-Propanol; Acetal, ≥98%, FG; 2-Methyl-1-pentanol; Butyl acetate; Ethyl propionate; 3-Pentanol; 2-Pentanol, 98%; Ethyl isobutyrate; Isobutyl acetate; Acetaldehyde; Furfural; Butyric acid; Methanol; Ethyl acetate

GC Analysis of Volatiles in Roasted Coffee Beans on Omegawax® after SPME using a 50/30 µm DVB/Carboxen/PDMS Fiber

-Cymene; 2,5-Dimethylpyrrole; Acetoin, ≥96%, FCC, FG; 2,5-Dimethylpyrazine; 2,6-Dimethylpyrazine; 2-Ethylpyrazine, ≥98%, FG; 2,3-Dimethylpyrazine; 4-Heptanone; 3-Ethylpyridine; 2,3,5-Trimethylpyrazine; Furfural; Pyrrole; Furfuryl acetate; Linalool; Linalyl acetate; 5-Methylfurfural; γ-Butyrolactone; 2-Acetyl-1-methylpyrrole; Furfuryl alcohol; 2-Acetylpyrrole; Pyrrole-2-carboxaldehyde

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