Coenzyme A sodium salt hydrate

cofactor for acyl transfer

CoA Na2
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C21H36N7O16P3S · xNa+ · yH2O
Número CAS:
Peso molecular:
767.53 (anhydrous free acid basis)
Número EC:
ID de substância PubChem:


cofactor for acyl transfer

Nível de qualidade



≥85% (spectrophotometric assay)


H2O: soluble 50 mg/mL, clear, colorless to faintly yellow

temperatura de armazenamento


SMILES string


InChI key


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Descrição geral

Coenzyme A (CoA) is an essential cofactor in living systems and is synthesized from pantothenic acid (vitamin B5), The CoA levels in mitochondria and peroxisomes correspond to 2-5 mM and 0.7 mM, respectively. Cytosolic CoA is in the range of 0.05 mM to 0.14 mM


Coenzyme A is suitable for use in:
  • gylcerolipid biosynthesis in porcine adipose tissue
  • an assay to measure the level of Alpha-methylacyl-CoA racemase (AMACR) in human blood samples using a nanoparticle electrochemical biosensor
  • chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) assay
  • the synthesis of palmitoyl-CoA, which is required for palmitoylation and activation of proteins for regulated membrane fusion


10 mg in glass bottle
25, 100, 500 mg in poly bottle
1 g in poly bottle

Ações bioquímicas/fisiológicas

Coenzyme A (CoA, CoASH, HSCoA) is a coenzyme that facilitates enzymatic acyl-group transfer reactions and supports the synthesis and oxidation of fatty acids. CoA is involved in the mechanisms of a wide variety of enzymes. In the presence of CoASH, organic carboxylic acids form acyl-CoA thioesters, which facilitates enzyme recognition. The acyl-CoA formed from xenobiotic carboxylic acids can add to the compound′s toxicity, which can lead to cellular metabolic dysfunction. It is involved in the oxidation of pyruvate in the Kreb′s cycle. CoA is needed for metabolic events. The bacterial CoA pathway is targeted for antimicrobial development. It mediates acyl group transfer and carbonyl activation. The CoA and its thioester levels are crucial for cellular homeostasis. CoA is also involved in regulating platelet aggregation and vasoconstriction. It acts as an essential cofactor in enzymatic acetyl transfer reactions.

Outras notas

Tandem Mass Spectrometry data independently generated by Scripps Center for Metabolomics is available to view or download in PDF. C3144.pdf Tested metabolites are featured on Scripps Center for Metabolomics METLIN Metabolite Database. To learn more, visit sigma.com/metlin.


13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK Alemanha


Ponto de fulgor (ºF)

Not applicable

Ponto de fulgor (ºC)

Not applicable

Equipamento de proteção individual

Eyeshields, Gloves, type N95 (US)

Certificado de análise

Certificado de origem

Christoph Matti et al.
Journal of leukocyte biology, 107(6), 1137-1154 (2020-06-14)
The chemokine CCL20 is broadly produced by endothelial cells in the liver, the lung, in lymph nodes and mucosal lymphoid tissues, and recruits CCR6 expressing leukocytes, particularly dendritic cells, mature B cells, and subpopulations of T cells. How CCL20 is...
David F Fischer et al.
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.), 289, 303-314 (2004-10-27)
Protocols to study the regulation of a conserved multigene family (SPRR genes) during calcium-induced differentiation of cultured normal human keratinocytes (NHKs) are provided. Transfection of promoter-reporter (CAT or luciferase) constructs, combined with promoter truncation, can be used to study the...
E P Brass
Chemico-biological interactions, 90(3), 203-214 (1994-03-01)
Coenzyme A (CoASH) has a clearly defined role as a cofactor for a number of oxidative and biosynthetic reactions in intermediary metabolism. Formation of acyl-CoA thioesters from organic carboxylic acids activates the acid for further biotransformation reactions and facilitates enzyme...
Signalling functions of coenzyme A and its derivatives in mammalian cells
Davaapil H, et al.
Biochemical Society Transactions, 42(4), 1056-1062 (2014)
Biosynthesis of pantothenic acid and coenzyme A
Ecosal plus, 2(2) (2007)
Get to know the Tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle to better inform your research in biochemistry, metabolomics, or related fields concerned with this metabolic pathway and its enzymes, by-products, or intermediates.
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