Merck
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D048

Sigma-Aldrich

MPP+ iodide

≥98% (HPLC), powder

Sinônimo(s):
1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium iodide
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C12H12IN
Número CAS:
Peso molecular:
297.13
Número MDL:
ID de substância PubChem:
NACRES:
NA.77

Nível de qualidade

100

teor

≥98% (HPLC)

forma

powder

condição de armazenamento

desiccated

cor

white to beige

solubilidade

H2O: 10 mg/mL, clear

SMILES string

[I-].C[n+]1ccc(cc1)-c2ccccc2

InChI

1S/C12H12N.HI/c1-13-9-7-12(8-10-13)11-5-3-2-4-6-11;/h2-10H,1H3;1H/q+1;/p-1

InChI key

RFDFRDXIIKROAI-UHFFFAOYSA-M

Descrição geral

1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) induces neurotoxicity by inhibiting mitochondrial redox functions in the striatal synaptosomes. It is a potential neurotoxin and induces Parkinson′s disease in animal models. It mediates apoptosis by the generation of reactive oxygen species in cerebellar granule neurons and neuroblastoma cells. MPP+ modulates the distribution of dopamine. It elicits neurotoxicity by activating neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), resulting in excess nitric oxide.

Aplicação

MPP+ iodide has been used:
  • to induce oxidative stress in zebrafish embryos
  • for the inhibition of glutamate uptake in mitochondria of astrocytes
  • in testing cell viability using MTT (3 (4,5-dimethylthiazol)-2-yl-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) in microglia (BV2) cells

Embalagem

1 g in glass bottle
100 mg in glass bottle

Ações bioquímicas/fisiológicas

MPP+ iodide is an active metabolite of dopaminergic neurotoxin MPTP.

Atenção

Photosensitive.

Nota de preparo

Solutions should be freshly prepared.

Pictogramas

Skull and crossbones

Palavra indicadora

Danger

Classificações de perigo

Acute Tox. 3 Dermal - Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Eye Irrit. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

Órgãos-alvo

Respiratory system

Código de classe de armazenamento

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 3

Ponto de fulgor (ºF)

Not applicable

Ponto de fulgor (ºC)

Not applicable

Equipamento de proteção individual

Eyeshields, Faceshields, Gloves, type P2 (EN 143) respirator cartridges

Certificado de análise

Insira o número de lote para pesquisar o Certificado de análise (COA).

Certificado de origem

Insira o número de lote para pesquisar o Certificado de origem (COO).

Mais documentos

Quotes and Ordering

The MPTP story
Langston, J William
Journal of Parkinson's Disease, 7(s1), S11-S19 (2017)
1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) decreases mitochondrial oxidation-reduction (REDOX) activity and membrane potential (DeltaPsim) in rat striatum
Nakai M, et al.
Experimental Neurology, 179(1), 103-110 (2003)
Bart de Nijs et al.
Nature communications, 8(1), 994-994 (2017-10-24)
Nanoparticles attached just above a flat metallic surface can trap optical fields in the nanoscale gap. This enables local spectroscopy of a few molecules within each coupled plasmonic hotspot, with near thousand-fold enhancement of the incident fields. As a result
1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+)-induced apoptosis and mitochondrial oxidant generation: role of transferrin-receptor-dependent iron and hydrogen peroxide
Kalivendi SV, et al.
The Biochemical Journal, 371(1), 151-164 (2003)
Agnieszka Nikiforuk et al.
Frontiers in behavioral neuroscience, 11, 222-222 (2017-12-13)
Reduced cognitive abilities are often characterized by an impairment of flexibility, i.e., the ability to switch from learned rules or categories that were important in certain contexts to different new modalities that rule the task. Drugs targeting the dopamine transporter

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