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Deoxyribonuclease I from bovine pancreas

Type II-S, lyophilized powder, Protein ≥80 %, ≥2,000 units/mg protein

DNase I, Deoxyribonucleate 5′-oligonucleotido-hydrolase
CAS Number:
Enzyme Commission number:
Número EC:
Número MDL:



Nível de qualidade



Type II-S


lyophilized powder

specific activity

≥2,000 units/mg protein

peso molecular

~31 kDa

purificado por



Protein, ≥80%


vial of ≥10.0 mg protein


endotoxin, tested


0.15 M NaCl: soluble 5.0 mg/mL, clear(lit.)


diagnostic assay manufacturing
diagnostic assay manufacturing

atividade externa

Chymotrypsin ≤0.01%
Protease ≤0.005%
RNase ≤0.01%

temperatura de armazenamento


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DNAse I from Sigma has been compared with human urine-derived interleukin 1 inhibitor for the ability to hydrolyze [14C]DNA [14C]DNA. It has also been used to cleave a 139 base pair Hind III/Nci I restriction fragment to investigate the stability of the enzyme for use in footprinting experiments. DNase I is widely used as a footprinting agent for studying drug and protein binding to DNA.
Deoxyribonuclease I from bovine pancreas has been used in a study to investigate a new approach to obtaining high-activity RNase, DNase, cholesterolesterase, and trypsin from cattle pancreas. Deoxyribonuclease I from bovine pancreas has also been used in a study to investigate the isolation and further characterization of carp liver DNase.
Used for the removal of DNA from protein samples.

Ações bioquímicas/fisiológicas

DNase I is an endonuclease that acts on phosphodiester bonds adjacent to pyrimidines to produce polynucleotides with terminal 5′-phosphates. In the presence of Mg2+, DNAse I cleaves each strand of DNA independently and the cleavage sites are random. Both DNA strands are cleaved at approximately the same site in the presence of Mn2+. The pH optimum lies between 7 and 8. Divalent cations such as Mn2+, Ca2+, Co2+, and Zn2+ are activators of the enzyme. A concentration of 5 mM Ca2+ stabilizes the enzyme against proteolytic digestion. DNAse I from bovine pancreas consists of four chromatographically distinguishable components, A, B, C, and D, with their molar ratios being 4:1:1 respectively. Only minor amounts of D are found. 2-Mercaptoethanol, chelators, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and actin are known to inhibit the enzyme activity.

Definição da unidade

One Kunitz unit will produce a ΔA260 of 0.001 per min per mL at pH 5.0 at 25 °C, using DNA, Type I or III as substrate. (1 unit = 1 Kunitz unit)

forma física

Lyophilized powder containing calcium chloride

Nota de preparo

The enzyme powder may be reconstituted in water or any buffer at pH 4.0-9.0, except phosphate buffer. Calcium chelators should be avoided. 10 mg/mL solution of DNAse I in 0.15 M NaCl may lose <10% of its activity when stored for a week in aliquots at −20 °C. The same solutions stored in aliquots at 2-8 °C can lose approximately 20% activity. It remains active for up to five hours at 60 °C between pH 5 and 7, and loses activity in <10 minutes at 68 °C. It loses activity at the rate of 6%/hour in acetate buffer (pH 5.0) and tris buffer ((pH 7.2) at 1 mg/mL concentration.

Nota de análise

Protein determined by biuret.


Health hazard

Palavra indicadora


Frases de perigo

Declarações de precaução

Classificações de perigo

Resp. Sens. 1

Código de classe de armazenamento

11 - Combustible Solids



Ponto de fulgor (ºF)

Not applicable

Ponto de fulgor (ºC)

Not applicable

Equipamento de proteção individual

Eyeshields, Gloves, type N95 (US)

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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