Merck
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K1003

Sigma-Aldrich

Ketoconazole

99.0-101.0% (EP, titration)

Synonym(s):
(±)-cis-1-Acetyl-4-(4-[(2-[2,4-dichlorophenyl]-2-[1H-imidazol-1-ylmethyl]-1,3-dioxolan-4-yl)-methoxy]phenyl)piperazine
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C26H28Cl2N4O4
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
531.43
Número EC:
Número MDL:
ID de substância PubChem:
NACRES:
NA.85

descrição

Specific Optical Rotation (EP): (−0.10) ∼ +0.10 °

Nível de qualidade

300

teor

99.0-101.0% (EP, titration)

forma

powder

cor

white to off-white

espectro de atividade do antibiótico

Gram-positive bacteria
fungi
yeast

Modo de ação

enzyme | inhibits

temperatura de armazenamento

2-8°C

SMILES string

CC(=O)N1CCN(CC1)c2ccc(OC[C@H]3CO[C@@](Cn4ccnc4)(O3)c5ccc(Cl)cc5Cl)cc2

InChI

1S/C26H28Cl2N4O4/c1-19(33)31-10-12-32(13-11-31)21-3-5-22(6-4-21)34-15-23-16-35-26(36-23,17-30-9-8-29-18-30)24-7-2-20(27)14-25(24)28/h2-9,14,18,23H,10-13,15-17H2,1H3/t23-,26-/m0/s1

InChI key

XMAYWYJOQHXEEK-OZXSUGGESA-N

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Descrição geral

Chemical structure: imidazole

Aplicação

Ketoconazole is a broad spectrum antifungal agent used to treat candidiasis, chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis, oral thrush, candiduria, blastomycosis, coccidioidomycosis, histoplasmosis, chromomycosis, and paracoccidioidomycosis. It is used to identify p-glycoprotein/CYP3A-limited bioavailability in the monkey model, to study interleukin 1 mediated antitumor effects, and drug interactions in vivo
CYP3A4 inhibitor

Embalagem

100 mg in glass bottle

Ações bioquímicas/fisiológicas

Ketoconazole interacts with 14-α demethylase, a cytochrome P-450 enzyme that is necessary for the conversion of lanosterol to ergosterol. This interaction inhibits ergosterol synthesis and results in increased fungal cellular permeability. Other possible mechanisms of action are the inhibition of endogenous respiration, interaction with membrane phospholipids, inhibition of yeast transformation to mycelial forms, inhibition of purine uptake, and impairment of triglyceride and/or phospholipid biosynthesis. Ketoconazole inhibits the synthesis of thromboxane and sterols such as aldosterone, cortisol, and testosterone .
Antifungal agent

Palavra indicadora

Danger

Classificações de perigo

Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 1 - Repr. 1B - STOT RE 2

Código de classe de armazenamento

6.1C - Combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic compounds or compounds which causing chronic effects

WGK

WGK 3

Ponto de fulgor (ºF)

Not applicable

Ponto de fulgor (ºC)

Not applicable

Equipamento de proteção individual

Eyeshields, Faceshields, Gloves, type P2 (EN 143) respirator cartridges

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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