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Orexin A human, rat, mouse

≥97% (HPLC)

Hypocretin 1
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
Número CAS:
Peso molecular:
Número MDL:

Nível de qualidade





≥97% (HPLC)




1% acetic acid: 1.00-1.04 mg/mL, clear, colorless
water: 1.00-1.04 mg/mL, clear, colorless

nº de adesão UniProt

enviado em


temperatura de armazenamento




InChI key


Gene Information

human ... HCRT(3060)
mouse ... Hcrt(15171)
rat ... Hcrt(25723)

Amino Acid Sequence

Glp-Pro-Leu-Pro-Asp-Cys-Cys-Arg-Gln-Lys-Thr-Cys-Ser-Cys-Arg-Leu-Tyr-Glu-Leu-Leu-His-Gly-Ala-Gly-Asn-His-Ala-Ala-Gly-Ile-Leu-Thr-Leu-NH2 [Disulfide Bridges: 6-12; 7-14]

Descrição geral

Orexin A, also known as hypocretin 1 (hcrt1), is a 33 amino acid excitatory neuropeptide, localized in a small set of neurons in the perifornical area of the hypothalamus. It is synthesized from the precursor protein prepro-orexin in neurons. Orexin A binds to its G-protein-coupled receptor orexin-1 (OX1) which is also called as hcrt receptors 1 (hcrtr1).
Orexin A is characterized with an N-terminal pyroglutamyl residue, two intramolecular disulfide bridges and a C-terminal amidation.


Orexin A has been used to study its effect on serum luteinizing hormone (LH) concentration in lateral ventricle in ovariectomized (OVX) gilts and is used to study the behavioral and metabolic effects of central injections of orexin A on pigeons (Columba livia).
Orexin A human, rat, mouse has been used to study its effect on the functioning of porcine pancreatic islets. It has also been used as an orexin receptor 1 (OX1R) antagonist to study the effect of orexin systems in the effect of etonogestrel on respiratory response to prolonged metabolic acidosis.

Ações bioquímicas/fisiológicas

Orexins (hypocretins) comprise a family of hypothalamic peptides that are involved in the initiation of sleep and in feeding behavior. Orexin A stimulates food intake through activation of the OX1 receptor. Orexin B activates OX2 receptors. Both OX1 and OX2 receptors are involved in maintaining arousal. OX2 receptors appear to be inhibitory autoreceptors on orexin-containing neurons.
Orexins plays a vital role in several physiological functions including feeding, neuroendocrine regulation and arousal. In addition to this, it is also associated with the pathophysiology of narcolepsy. Orexin A, expressed in locus coeruleus (LC) area, binds to orexin-1 (OX1) receptor and regulates rapid eye movement (REM) sleep by acting on the firing rate of noradrenergic neurons. Orexin A release is regulated by suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN).

Outras notas

Lyophilized from 0.1% TFA in H2O

Código de classe de armazenamento

13 - Non Combustible Solids



Ponto de fulgor (ºF)

Not applicable

Ponto de fulgor (ºC)

Not applicable

Equipamento de proteção individual

Eyeshields, Gloves, type N95 (US)

Certificado de análise

Certificado de origem

Lesions of the suprachiasmatic nucleus eliminate the daily rhythm of hypocretin-1 release.
Zhang S
Sleep, 27(4), 619-627 (2004)
Orexin Neurons Contribute to Central Modulation of Respiratory Drive by Progestins on ex vivo Newborn Rodent Preparations
Loiseau C, et al.
Frontiers in Physiology, 10, 159-184 (2019)
Behavioral and metabolic effects of central injections of orexins/hypocretins in pigeons (Columba livia).
da Silva ES
Regulatory Peptides, 147(1-3), 9-18 (2008)
Hypocretin-1 modulates rapid eye movement sleep through activation of locus coeruleus neurons.
Bourgin P
The Journal of Neuroscience, 20(20), 7760-7765 (2000)
Orexin A modulates endocrine function and viability of porcine pancreatic islets
Sassek M, et al.
Journal of Physiology And Pharmacology, 68, 815-821 (2017)

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