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Pablo R S Oliveira et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 194(6), 2664-2672 (2015-02-13)
The outcome of Leishmania infections varies substantially, depending on the host and the parasite strain; infection may be asymptomatic or cause mild or severe skin ulcers (cutaneous leishmaniasis [CL]), limited or disseminated lesions, or lethal visceral disease. We previously reported
Kai Wu et al.
FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 28(12), 5111-5121 (2014-08-26)
Genetic mutations in parkin or pink1 are the most common causes of familial Parkinson's disease. PINK1 and Parkin are components of a mitochondrial quality control pathway that degrades dysfunctional mitochondria via autophagy. Using a candidate gene approach, we discovered that
Ming-Gene Tu et al.
Journal of materials science. Materials in medicine, 26(12), 276-276 (2015-11-07)
The use of calcium silicate (CS) cement holds great promise for bone substitute biomaterials. However, the effects of CS on osteoblast and macrophage cells are not fully understood. This study examines cell proliferation and differentiation of mono- or co-cultured MC3T3-E1
Davy Baudelet et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 986-987, 35-43 (2015-02-24)
The P2X receptors are seven-transmembrane domain G protein-coupled receptors and the 7 subtypes of P2X receptors identified in humans, and named P2X1 to P2X7, are channel receptors whose endogenous ligand is ATP. New antagonists of the P2X7 receptor were developed
Rui Huang et al.
Bioresource technology, 200, 738-743 (2015-11-13)
The polarities of the cytoplasm and reactants were measured through dielectric spectroscopy, contact angle test, NMR, and FTIR to investigate the mechanisms underlying acid-catalyzed lipid transesterification in wet microalgal cells subjected to microwave irradiation. Organics with apolar functional groups in
Mélanie Spilmont et al.
Nutrients, 7(11), 9265-9284 (2015-11-17)
The nutritional benefits of pomegranate have attracted great scientific interest. The pomegranate, including the pomegranate peel, has been used worldwide for many years as a fruit with medicinal activity, mostly antioxidant properties. Among chronic diseases, osteoporosis, which is associated with
Christopher M Peters et al.
Anesthesiology, 122(4), 895-907 (2015-01-13)
Chronic postsurgical pain, a significant public health problem, occurs in 10 to 50% of patients undergoing major surgery. Acute pain induces endogenous analgesia termed conditioned pain modulation (CPM), and the strength of CPM preoperatively predicts the likelihood of chronic postsurgical
Chris Bath et al.
Molecular vision, 20, 797-803 (2014-06-19)
Attempts to determine the transcriptional profile of discrete subsets of limbal epithelial cells in situ using laser capture microdissection (LCM) face two major challenges. First, the transcriptional profile of cells within a tissue may rapidly change as the tissue is
Stefano Scaramuzza et al.
Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP, 17(42), 28076-28087 (2015-03-10)
Alloy nanoparticles are characterized by the combination of multiple interesting properties, which are attractive for technological and scientific purposes. A frontier topic of this field is nanoalloys with compositions not thermodynamically allowed at ordinary temperature and pressure (i.e. metastable), because
K L Schully et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 495(2), 849-861 (2015-10-03)
Melioidosis, a potentially lethal disease of humans and animals, is caused by the soil-dwelling bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei. Due to B. pseudomallei's classification as a Tier 1 Select Agent, there is substantial interest in the development of an effective vaccine. Yet
Serena Deiana et al.
Behavioural pharmacology, 26(8 Spec No), 748-765 (2015-08-20)
Deficiencies in social activities are hallmarks of numerous brain disorders. With respect to schizophrenia, social withdrawal belongs to the category of negative symptoms and is associated with deficits in the cognitive domain. Here, we used the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist dizocilpine
Vendula Studentova et al.
Folia microbiologica, 60(2), 119-129 (2014-09-30)
Carbapenemase-mediated resistance to carbapenems in Enterobacteriaceae has become the main challenge in the treatment and prevention of infections recently. The partially unnoticed spread of OXA-48-type carbapenemase producers is usually assigned to low minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of carbapenems that OXA-48-producing
Ingrid R Cordeiro et al.
Biology open, 4(9), 1180-1193 (2015-09-01)
Human adipose-derived stromal cells (hADSC) are a heterogeneous cell population that contains adult multipotent stem cells. Although it is well established that hADSC have skeletal potential in vivo in adult organisms, in vitro assays suggest further differentiation capacity, such as
Florian Mertes et al.
BMC genomics, 16, 925-925 (2015-11-14)
Next Generation Sequencing has proven to be an exceptionally powerful tool in the field of genomics and transcriptomics. With recent development it is nowadays possible to analyze ultra-low input sample material down to single cells. Nevertheless, investigating such sample material
Ra Ham Lee et al.
Oncology reports, 33(2), 631-638 (2014-12-02)
7,8-Dihydroxyflavone (7,8-DHF) is a member of the flavonoid family and has recently been identified as a brain-derived neurotrophic factor mimetic that selectively activates tropomyosin-receptor kinase B with high affinity. The antioxidant and anticancer effects of 7,8-DHF have been reported. However
Juan Manuel Torres et al.
The Journal of clinical investigation, 124(12), 5239-5248 (2014-11-05)
Heterotrimers composed of B cell CLL/lymphoma 10 (BCL10), mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma translocation protein 1 (MALT1), and caspase recruitment domain-containing (CARD) family adaptors play a role in NF-κB activation and have been shown to be involved in both the innate
Yu Zhou et al.
Ophthalmic genetics, 36(1), 43-49 (2014-11-25)
Genetic factors have been studied extensively for their role in the pathogenesis of primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). This study was conducted to investigate whether manganese superoxide dismutase (SOD2) variants play a significant role in POAG in a Chinese population.
Keun-Yeong Jeong et al.
Journal of radiation research, 56(1), 37-45 (2014-09-17)
Existing therapies such as irradiation or sorafenib have limited success in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) due to tumor recurrence and metastasis. Therefore, combination with other therapeutics is often considered. Macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha (MIP-1α) is a member of
Lara Lombardi et al.
Journal of experimental botany, 66(3), 945-956 (2014-11-26)
Petal wilting and/or abscission terminates the life of the flower. However, how wilting and abscission are coordinated is not fully understood. There is wide variation in the extent to which petals wilt before abscission, even between cultivars of the same
Aydın Güçlü et al.
Renal failure, 37(2), 192-197 (2015-01-08)
Diabetic nephropathy is the most common cause of end-stage renal disease. Emerging evidences indicate that many mechanistic pathways including apoptosis play an important role in the pathogenesis and progression of macrovascular and microvascular complications of diabetes mellitus. The aim of
Stefan Hausmann et al.
PloS one, 10(4), e0122689-e0122689 (2015-04-04)
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a generally fatal plasma cell cancer that often shows activation of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt (PI3K/Akt) pathway. Targeted pharmacologic therapies, however, have not yet progressed beyond the clinical trial stage, and given the complexity of the PI3K/Akt
Sun Min Kim et al.
Bioresource technology, 183, 70-77 (2015-02-28)
Prairie cordgrass (Spartina pectinata L.) has the potential to be a feedstock for bioethanol. It is native to North America, and has extensive genetic diversity. Eleven natural populations of prairie cordgrass harvested in 2011 and 2012 were studied. Compositions of
Lida Radan et al.
Stem cells and development, 23(17), 2046-2066 (2014-04-23)
Recent evidence points to extra-telomeric, noncanonical roles for telomerase in regulating stem cell function. In this study, human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) were cultured in 20% or 2% O2 microenvironments for up to 5 days and evaluated for telomerase reverse
J Piskur et al.
FEBS letters, 375(3), 174-178 (1995-11-20)
A recently developed mechanochemical method has provided a new, efficient tool for studies on the thermal stability and structure of aggregated DNA in ethanol-water solutions. At low ethanol concentrations DNA is fully soluble and is in the B form. However
Salvatore Fabbiano et al.
Molecular and cellular biology, 34(24), 4404-4419 (2014-10-08)
Vascular smooth muscle cells (vSMCs) are key in the regulation of blood pressure and the engagement of vascular pathologies, such as hypertension, arterial remodeling, and neointima formation. The role of the Rac1 GTPase in these cells remains poorly characterized. To
Leônia Maria Batista et al.
BMC complementary and alternative medicine, 15, 391-391 (2015-10-30)
Syngonanthus arthrotrichus and Syngonanthus bisulcatus, currently known for Comanthera aciphylla (Bong.) L.R.Parra & Giul. and Comanthera bisulcata (Koern.) L.R. Parra & Giul, popularly known in Brazil as "sempre-vivas," are plants from the family Eriocaulaceae. They are found in the states
Jinsheng Xu et al.
Experimental and therapeutic medicine, 9(3), 1028-1034 (2015-02-11)
Vascular calcification, a common complication in patients with chronic kidney disease, involves a variety of mechanisms associated with the regulation of calcification-associated factors. Previous clinical studies have indicated that magnesium is involved in the reduction of vascular calcification; however, the
Min-Yu Chung et al.
Journal of medicinal food, 18(11), 1198-1206 (2015-04-04)
A number of compounds isolated from mushrooms have exhibited disease-modifying effects. We sought to investigate the mechanisms responsible for the anti-inflammatory effects of an extract from the mushroom species Sarcodon asparatus (SAE). Male BALB/c mice (N=42; 6 weeks old) were
Marijn T M van Jaarsveld et al.
Molecular cancer, 14, 196-196 (2015-11-19)
Drug resistance hampers the efficient treatment of malignancies, including advanced stage ovarian cancer, which has a 5-year survival rate of only 30 %. The molecular processes underlying resistance have been extensively studied, however, not much is known about the involvement of
Mauricio Roberto Teves et al.
Journal of ethnopharmacology, 161, 170-174 (2014-12-30)
The leaves of Jodina rhombifolia (Hook. & Arn.) Reissek (SANTALACEAE) is utilized in Argentine folk medicine for the treatment of alcoholism. To evaluate the antialcoholic activity of Jodina rhombifolia lyophilized aqueous extract (JRLE) in male Wistar rats. Rats were housed
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