Showing 1-15 of 15 resultados for "

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Jinghua Liu et al.
BMC complementary and alternative medicine, 15, 279-279 (2015-08-15)
Gastrointestinal microbial communities are diverse and are composed of both beneficial and pathogenic groups. Prebiotics, such as digestion-resistant fibers, influence the composition of gut microbiota, and can contribute to the improvement of host health. The red seaweed Chondrus crispus is...
Evangelia N Kerezoudi et al.
Food & function, 12(4), 1529-1546 (2021-02-02)
Recent data have highlighted the role of the gut microbiota and its several metabolites in maintaining bone health. Thus, gut microbiota manipulation, e.g., by prebiotics, might offer a plausible target in the fight against bone degenerative diseases. This study aimed...
Antonios Ampatzoglou et al.
The Journal of nutrition, 145(2), 215-221 (2015-02-04)
Whole-grain (WG) foods have been suggested to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, but studies are inconsistent and effects on cardiovascular risk markers are not clear. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of increasing WG consumption...
H Miwa et al.
Journal of chromatography, 523, 235-246 (1990-12-07)
A high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method with direct derivatization is described for the determination of both free fatty acids and total fatty acids in milk and milk products. The method is based on the reaction of these acids with 2-nitrophenylhydrazine...
Henry Bernard et al.
The Journal of infectious diseases, 211(1), 156-165 (2014-08-21)
A predominantly T-helper type 2 (Th2) immune response is critical in the prognosis of pulmonary Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection. But the mucosal and systemic immune responses can be influenced by the intestinal microbiota. We assessed the effect of microbiota compositional changes...
Lin Feng et al.
Journal of chromatographic science, 46(7), 577-584 (2008-08-23)
A headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) followed by gas chromatography coupled to flame ionization detector (GC-FID) is developed for the direct determination of volatile fatty acids (VFAs) in wastewater from constructed wetlands. Through the investigation on extraction behavior of different coatings...
Evdokia K Mitsou et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 25(12) (2020-06-24)
Alterations of gut microbiota are evident during the aging process. Prebiotics may restore the gut microbial balance, with β-glucans emerging as prebiotic candidates. This study aimed to investigate the impact of edible mushrooms rich in β-glucans on the gut microbiota...
Yadong Zhong et al.
The British journal of nutrition, 113(10), 1558-1570 (2015-04-14)
Mixed-linkage β-glucans are fermented by the colon microbiota that give rise to SCFA. Propionic and butyric acids have been found to play an important role in colonic health, as well as they may have extraintestinal metabolic effects. The aim of...
Longkai Yang et al.
Journal of colloid and interface science, 534, 459-468 (2018-09-25)
Oriented TiO2 nanorod array (TiO2 NA) is very attractive in the fields of halide perovskite solar cells (PSCs) due to its fewer grain boundaries and high crystallinity for effective charge collection. The optimization of TiO2 nanostructures has been proved to...
Daniela Graf et al.
Nutrients, 11(8) (2019-08-14)
Dietary pulses, including lentils, are protein-rich plant foods that are enriched in intestinal health-promoting bioactives, such as non-digestible carbohydrates and phenolic compounds. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of diets supplemented with cooked red lentils on...
Kacy Greenhalgh et al.
Cell reports, 27(5), 1621-1632 (2019-05-03)
By modulating the human gut microbiome, prebiotics and probiotics (combinations of which are called synbiotics) may be used to treat diseases such as colorectal cancer (CRC). Methodological limitations have prevented determining the potential combinatorial mechanisms of action of such regimens. We expanded...
Vicky De Preter et al.
Gut, 64(3), 447-458 (2014-05-09)
Bacteria play a role in the onset and perpetuation of intestinal inflammation in IBD. Compositional alterations may also change the metabolic capacities of the gut bacteria. To examine the metabolic activity of the microbiota of patients with Crohn's disease (CD)...
Alexander Duscha et al.
Cell, 180(6), 1067-1080 (2020-03-12)
Short-chain fatty acids are processed from indigestible dietary fibers by gut bacteria and have immunomodulatory properties. Here, we investigate propionic acid (PA) in multiple sclerosis (MS), an autoimmune and neurodegenerative disease. Serum and feces of subjects with MS exhibited significantly...
Elaine Patterson et al.
Microbiology (Reading, England), 161(Pt 1), 182-193 (2014-11-06)
There is a growing appreciation that microbiota composition can significantly affect host health and play a role in disease onset and progression. This study assessed the impact of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced type-1-diabetes (T1D) on intestinal microbiota composition and diversity in Sprague-Dawley...
Yi Liu et al.
Food & function, 7(9), 3772-3781 (2016-10-08)
Indigestible resistant starches (RS) are substrates for gut-microbial metabolism and have been shown to attenuate intestinal inflammation but the supporting evidence is inconsistent and lacks mechanistic explanation. We have recently reported dietary RS type 4 (RS4) induced improvements in immunometabolic...