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Alicia Lammerts van Bueren et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 81(12), 3973-3983 (2015-04-05)
Probiotic microorganisms are ingested as food or supplements and impart positive health benefits to consumers. Previous studies have indicated that probiotics transiently reside in the gastrointestinal tract and, in addition to modulating commensal species diversity, increase the expression of genes
Yanfen Fu et al.
Applied microbiology and biotechnology, 99(10), 4397-4408 (2015-01-27)
Systems metabolic engineering has made the renewable production of industrial chemicals a feasible alternative to modern operations. One major example of a renewable process is the production of carboxylic acids, such as octanoic acid (C8), from Escherichia coli, engineered to
Guanhua Yang et al.
Biopolymers, 104(1), 11-20 (2014-12-05)
Caveolin-1 is a main structural component of caveolae and essential for the invagination of caveolae by forming a hairpin-shaped structure in the membrane-inserting domain (residues, 102-122). In this article, we determined the tertiary structures of the peptides comprising residues 93-126
Ruge Cao et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 32(7), 2301-2309 (2015-01-13)
The use of hesperidin in the pharmaceutical field is limited by its aqueous insolubility. The effects of natural compounds in tea on the solubility of hesperidin were evaluated and the underlying mechanism was investigated by nuclear-magnetic resonance (NMR) and quantum
Guolin Ma et al.
Nature communications, 6, 7826-7826 (2015-07-18)
Store-operated Ca(2+) entry mediated by STIM1 and ORAI1 constitutes one of the major Ca(2+) entry routes in mammalian cells. The molecular choreography of STIM1-ORAI1 coupling is initiated by endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca(2+) store depletion with subsequent oligomerization of the STIM1
Oliver Wahl et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 95, 1-10 (2014-03-19)
For the impurity profiling of the mucolytic and anti-inflammatory drug carbocisteine a high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method using corona charged aerosol detection (CAD) was developed and fully validated following the ICH guideline Q2(R1). The response was linear (R²>0.995) over
Herschel M Watkins et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(21), 6631-6636 (2015-05-13)
Small-angle scattering studies generally indicate that the dimensions of unfolded single-domain proteins are independent (to within experimental uncertainty of a few percent) of denaturant concentration. In contrast, single-molecule FRET (smFRET) studies invariably suggest that protein unfolded states contract significantly as
Jens K Munk et al.
Journal of peptide science : an official publication of the European Peptide Society, 19(11), 669-675 (2013-09-11)
We present the antimicrobial and hemolytic activities of the decapeptide anoplin and 19 analogs thereof tested against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 33591 (MRSA), Escherichia coli (ATCC 25922), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC 27853), vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (ATCC 700221) (VRE), and Candida albicans
Valeria Cagno et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 59(9), 5250-5259 (2015-06-17)
The agmatine-containing poly(amidoamine) polymer AGMA1 was recently shown to inhibit the infectivity of several viruses, including human papillomavirus 16 (HPV-16), that exploit cell surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) as attachment receptors. The aim of this work was to assess the
Takumi Saito et al.
Environmental science. Processes & impacts, 17(8), 1386-1395 (2015-07-15)
Humic substances (HSs) are ubiquitous in various aquatic systems and play important roles in many geochemical processes. There is increasing evidence of the presence of HSs in deep groundwater; nevertheless, their ion binding properties are largely unknown. In this study
Ieva Matulaitienė et al.
Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP, 17(25), 16483-16493 (2015-06-09)
Adsorption of 4-imidazolemethanol (ImMeOH) on a copper electrode has been investigated by in situ isotope-edited (H/D and (63)Cu/(65)Cu) surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) in aqueous solutions at physiological pH (7.0) in a potential window from -0.500 to -1.100 V. Theoretical
Tina A Crook et al.
Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 112(12), 1993-1998 (2012-11-24)
Anthropometrics and body mass index are only proxies in the evaluation of adiposity in the pediatric population. Air displacement plethysmography technology was not available for children aged 6 months to 9 years until recently. Our study was designed to test
Shirin Ghods et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 81(12), 4026-4036 (2015-04-05)
Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae is the major cause of bacterial canker and is a severe threat to kiwifruit production worldwide. Many aspects of the disease caused by P. syringae pv. actinidiae, such as the pathogenicity-relevant formation of a biofilm composed
Tadasu Urashima et al.
Glycoconjugate journal, 32(6), 361-370 (2015-06-07)
Structural characterizations of marsupial milk oligosaccharides have been performed in four species to date: the tammar wallaby (Macropus eugenii), the red kangaroo (Macropus rufus), the koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) and the common brushtail possum (Trichosurus vulpecula). To clarify the homology and
John A Hangasky et al.
Biochemistry, 52(9), 1594-1602 (2013-01-29)
Oxygen homeostasis plays a critical role in angiogenesis, erythropoiesis, and cell metabolism. Oxygen homeostasis is set by the hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) pathway, which is controlled by factor inhibiting HIF-1α (FIH). FIH is a non-heme Fe(II), α-ketoglutarate (αKG)-dependent dioxygenase that
Ellen M Green et al.
Biopolymers, 103(4), 187-202 (2014-11-05)
The cyanogen bromide-resistant proteins of lamprey cartilage are biochemically related to the mammalian elastic protein, elastin. This study investigates their mechanical properties and enquires whether, like elastin, long-range elasticity arises in them from a combination of entropic and hydrophobic mechanisms.
Atif Sarwar et al.
PloS one, 10(4), e0123084-e0123084 (2015-05-01)
Recently, the attention of researchers has been drawn toward the synthesis of chitosan derivatives and their nanoparticles with enhanced antimicrobial activities. In this study, chitosan derivatives with different azides and alkyne groups were synthesized using click chemistry, and these were
Michael G Mazzacavallo et al.
PloS one, 10(12), e0144300-e0144300 (2015-12-04)
Root biomass distributions have long been used to infer patterns of resource uptake. These patterns are used to understand plant growth, plant coexistence and water budgets. Root biomass, however, may be a poor indicator of resource uptake because large roots
Satoru Tomita et al.
Food chemistry, 174, 163-172 (2014-12-23)
This study utilises (1)H NMR-based metabolic profiling to characterise apples of five cultivars grown either in Japan (Fuji, Orin, and Jonagold) or New Zealand (Fuji, Jazz, and Envy). Principal component analysis (PCA) showed a clear separation between the Fuji-Orin-Jonagold class
Tetsuya Miyamoto et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 116, 145-149 (2015-05-20)
Ovalbumin, a major protein in chicken egg white, is converted into a more thermostable molecular form, known as S-ovalbumin, during the storage of shell eggs. Our previous X-ray crystallographic study indicated that S-ovalbumin contains three D-Ser residues (S164, S236, and
Lars Holm et al.
American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism, 304(8), E895-E907 (2013-02-21)
A method to determine the rate of protein breakdown in individual proteins was developed and tested in rats and confirmed in humans, using administration of deuterium oxide and incorporation of the deuterium into alanine that was subsequently incorporated into body
Aneta Panuszko et al.
Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP, 14(45), 15765-15773 (2012-10-25)
In this paper, the hydration of a model protein--hen egg white lysozyme in aqueous solution has been presented. The leading method used was FTIR spectroscopy with an application of a technique of semi-heavy water (HDO) isotope dilution. Analysis of spectra
Jingping Liu et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 407(9), 2569-2579 (2015-02-01)
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a serious complication of diabetes mellitus (DM), which is a major public health problem in the world. To reveal the metabolic changes associated with DN, we analyzed the serum, urine, and renal extracts obtained from control
Betina Tabah et al.
ChemSusChem, 8(20), 3497-3503 (2015-09-10)
A solar reactor was designed to perform the conversion of starch to ethanol in a single step. An aqueous starch solution (5 wt %) was fed into the reactor bed charged with Baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) and amylase, resulting in approximately 2.5 wt %
Aditya Pandey et al.
Biochemistry and cell biology = Biochimie et biologie cellulaire, 92(4), 269-278 (2014-06-20)
G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) are inherently dynamic membrane protein modulators of various important cellular signaling cascades. The apelin receptor (AR or APJ) is a class A GPCR involved in numerous physiological processes, implicated in angiogenesis during tumour formation and as
Xiao Jiang et al.
Biomedical microdevices, 17(1), 20-20 (2015-02-06)
Growth of the MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell line in microfluidic channels was inhibited when culture media was delivered to the channels via microbore Tygon® tubing. Culture media incubated within this tubing also inhibited growth of these cells in conventional 96-well
Xiangfeng Meng et al.
Applied microbiology and biotechnology, 99(14), 5885-5894 (2015-01-15)
Glucansucrases are exclusively found in lactic acid bacteria and synthesize a variety of α-glucans from sucrose. They are large multidomain enzymes belonging to the CAZy family 70 of glycoside hydrolase enzymes (GH70). The crystal structure of the N-terminal truncated GTF180
Nicolas Gisch et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 16718-16718 (2015-11-19)
Members of the Mitis group of streptococci possess teichoic acids (TAs) as integral components of their cell wall that are unique among Gram-positive bacteria. Both, lipoteichoic (LTA) and wall teichoic acid, are formed by the same biosynthetic pathway, are of
Brandon K Tate et al.
Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany), 21(28), 10160-10169 (2015-06-11)
Alkoxide-bridged disilver cations react with dihydrogen to form hydride-bridged cations, releasing free alcohol. Hydrogenolysis of neutral silver fluorides affords hydride-bridged disilver cations as their bifluoride salts. These reactions proceed most efficiently when the supporting ligands are expanded N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs)
Hasan Nurhasni et al.
International journal of nanomedicine, 10, 3065-3080 (2015-05-12)
Nitric oxide (NO)-releasing nanoparticles (NPs) have emerged as a wound healing enhancer and a novel antibacterial agent that can circumvent antibiotic resistance. However, the NO release from NPs over extended periods of time is still inadequate for clinical application. In
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