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Richard Lass et al.
Journal of orthopaedic research : official publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 32(9), 1234-1240 (2014-05-21)
Diagnosis of adverse reactions to metal debris in metal-on-metal hip arthroplasty is a multifactorial process. Systemic ion levels are just one factor in the evaluation and should not be relied upon solely to determine the need for revision surgery. Furthermore
A Ravina et al.
Diabetic medicine : a journal of the British Diabetic Association, 16(2), 164-167 (1999-05-06)
To determine if the stress of corticosteroid treatment increases chromium (Cr) losses and if corticosteroid-induced diabetes (steroid diabetes) can be reversed by supplemental chromium. The effects of corticosteroid treatment on chromium losses of 13 patients 2 days prior to steroid
Alain P Gobert et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 193(6), 3013-3022 (2014-08-12)
Helicobacter pylori incites a futile inflammatory response, which is the key feature of its immunopathogenesis. This leads to the ability of this bacterial pathogen to survive in the stomach and cause peptic ulcers and gastric cancer. Myeloid cells recruited to
Nezha Tahri Joutey et al.
Reviews of environmental contamination and toxicology, 233, 45-69 (2014-11-05)
Chromium has been and is extensively used worldwide in multiple industrial processes and is routinely discharged to the environment from such processes. Therefore, this heavy metal is a potential threat to the environment and to public health, primarily because it
Erik Wennerberg et al.
Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research, 20(22), 5733-5744 (2014-09-13)
Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is one of the most aggressive forms of cancer with no curative therapies available. To date, strategies to target ATC by immunotherapy have not been evaluated. We investigated whether ATC would be a suitable target for
Jasna Bosnir et al.
Collegium antropologicum, 37(3), 965-971 (2013-12-07)
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of uncontrolled environmental disposal of food supplements containing magnesium (Mg), chromium (Cr), iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) on selected aquatic organisms including freshwater algae Scenedesmus subspicatus and Raphidocelis subcapitata, water
Luciana Fernandes de Oliveira et al.
Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology, 93(2), 149-153 (2014-06-05)
The Asian clam Corbicula fluminea exposed in situ for periods of 1, 5, 15 and 30 days along a stream which receives landfill leachate effluent showed increased Cr accumulation in gills and digestive gland, although Cr concentrations have been found
J R Bales et al.
Clinical chemistry, 30(3), 426-432 (1984-03-01)
Numerous low-Mr metabolites--including creatinine, citrate, hippurate, glucose, ketone bodies, and various amino acids--have been identified in 400- and 500-MHz proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectra of intact human urine. The presence of many of these was related to the
Anna Panagiotidou et al.
Journal of orthopaedic research : official publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 31(12), 2032-2039 (2013-08-24)
Widespread concern exists about adverse tissue reactions after metal-on-metal (MoM) total hip replacement (THR). Concerns have also been expressed with wear and corrosion of taper junctions in THR. We report the effect of surface finish and contact area associated with
John B Vincent
Metal ions in life sciences, 13, 171-198 (2014-01-29)
Over fifty years ago, the element chromium (as the trivalent ion) was proposed to be an essential element for mammals with a role in maintaining proper carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. Evidence for an essential role came from dietary studies with
Changfeng Ding et al.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 108, 179-186 (2014-07-30)
Soil environmental quality standards in respect of heavy metals for farmlands should be established considering both their effects on crop yield and their accumulation in the edible part. A greenhouse experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of chromium (Cr)
Shinichiro Mine et al.
Endocrine journal, 53(6), 761-766 (2006-09-13)
Accumulation of hyaluronan (HA) around smooth muscle cells in lesions of atherosclerosis in diabetic patients suggests that this protein plays an important role in diabetic angiopathy. The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between serum HA concentrations
Karolina Malecek et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 193(5), 2587-2599 (2014-07-30)
Adoptive immunotherapy with Ag-specific T lymphocytes is a powerful strategy for cancer treatment. However, most tumor Ags are nonreactive "self" proteins, which presents an immunotherapy design challenge. Recent studies have shown that tumor-specific TCRs can be transduced into normal PBLs
Sidra Ilyas et al.
Environmental monitoring and assessment, 187(1), 4115-4115 (2014-11-12)
In this study, we explored the multiple heavy metal-resistant yeast isolated from heavy metal-polluted environment. The isolated yeast showed maximum growth at 30 °C, pH 7.0, and the strain was identified as Candida tropicalis through 18S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene
M Rizzi et al.
Cell proliferation, 47(6), 578-586 (2014-09-17)
Textiles used to make clothing can represent a source, often ignored, of chemicals potentially noxious to both skin and the whole organism. Among the most frequently produced potentially noxious chemical manufacturing by-products are formaldehyde (FA), nickel (Ni) and hexavalent chromium
M Naoi et al.
Mechanisms of ageing and development, 111(2-3), 175-188 (2000-02-03)
Dopamine neurons in the substantia nigra of human brain are selectively vulnerable and the number decline by aging at 5-10% per decade. Enzymatic and non-enzymatic oxidation of dopamine generates reactive oxygen species, which induces apoptotic cell death in dopamine neurons.
S J MacDonald et al.
Clinical orthopaedics and related research, (406)(406), 282-296 (2003-02-13)
A prospective, randomized, blinded clinical trial was done to evaluate polyethylene versus metal bearing surfaces in total hip replacement. Forty-one patients were randomized to receive either a metal (23 patients) or a polyethylene (18 patients) insert. The femoral and acetabular
Fernando Mendoza-Díaz et al.
Revista de biologia tropical, 61(2), 821-828 (2013-07-28)
Pollution by heavy metals in marine ecosystems in the Gulf of Mexico is one of the hardest conservation issues to solve. Sharks as top predators are bioindicators of the marine ecosystem health, since they tend to bioaccumulate and biomagnify contaminants;
A V Greco et al.
Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), 14(4), 351-357 (1998-05-20)
Dodecanedioic acid (C12) is an even-numbered dicarboxylic acid (DA). Dicarboxylic acids are water-soluble substances with a metabolic pathway intermediate to those of lipids and carbohydrates. Previous studies showed that contrary to other DAs, very low amounts of C12 are lost
María Victorina Aguilar et al.
Journal of trace elements in medicine and biology : organ of the Society for Minerals and Trace Elements (GMS), 16(4), 221-225 (2003-01-18)
A rapid method to determine the chromium content of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples using electrothermal atomization atomic absorption spectrometry (ETA-AAS) with deuterium-arc background correction is described. The chromium concentration in CSF was evaluated by the standard addition method. Sample dilution
Feng Liu et al.
Scientific reports, 3, 1554-1554 (2013-03-28)
In conventional photostimulable storage phosphors, the optical information written by x-ray or ultraviolet irradiation is usually read out as a visible photostimulated luminescence (PSL) signal under the stimulation of a low-energy light with appropriate wavelength. Unlike the transient PSL, here
G Blomqvist et al.
American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism, 283(1), E20-E28 (2002-06-18)
Using R-beta-[1-(11)C]hydroxybutyrate and positron emission tomography, we studied the effect of acute hyperketonemia (range 0.7-1.7 micromol/ml) on cerebral ketone body utilization in six nondiabetic subjects and six insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) patients with average metabolic control (HbA(1c) = 8.1 +/-
Satyendra Kumar Garg et al.
Reviews of environmental contamination and toxicology, 217, 75-140 (2012-02-22)
Bioremediation offers the possibility of using living organisms (bacteria, fungi, algae,or plants), but primarily microorganisms, to degrade or remove environmental contaminants, and transform them into nontoxic or less-toxic forms. The major advantages of bioremediation over conventional physicochemical and biological treatment
Yunbo Xu et al.
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 13(10), 6820-6825 (2013-11-20)
This study describes a simple and highly selective method for the colorimetric detection of trivalent chromium (Cr3+) using tartrate-capped silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) as probe. The addition of tartrate to the initially prepared AgNPs gives tartrate-stabilized AgNPs ascribing to the electrostatic
Yang Li et al.
Toxicology letters, 229(1), 319-326 (2014-06-29)
To understand the regulation of genetic damage by epigenetics at the early stage of carcinogenesis after hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) and assessed genetic damage to explore their association with DNA repair genes mediated by differently expressed miRNA. Genetic damages were evaluated
H John Cooper et al.
The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume, 95(10), 865-872 (2013-05-17)
Femoral stems with dual-taper modularity were introduced to allow additional options for hip-center restoration independent of femoral fixation in total hip arthroplasty. Despite the increasing availability and use of these femoral stems, concerns exist about potential complications arising from the
C E Shaw et al.
Journal of neurology, 242(2), 53-58 (1995-01-01)
Magnetic resonance imaging of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients often shows active inflammatory lesions despite clinical remission. No immunological marker of disease activity has been identified in these patients. Concentrations of neopterin, interleukin-2 (IL-2), soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R) and tumour necrosis
Tapering our focus to the causes and correction of metallosis in primary total hip arthroplasty: commentary on an article by Brett R. Levine, MD, MS, et al.: "ten-year outcome of serum metal ion levels after primary total hip arthroplasty. A concise follow-up of a previous report".
Kevin L Garvin
The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume, 95(6), e391-e392 (2013-03-22)
S Engelborghs et al.
Neurochemical research, 28(8), 1145-1150 (2003-07-02)
To study changes in amino acid metabolism and biogenic amines in Parkinson's disease, we set up a prospective study and measured biogenic amines, their main metabolites, and 22 different amino acids, in cerebrospinal fluid of Parkinson's disease patients (n =
M Torra et al.
Biological trace element research, 70(2), 183-189 (1999-10-27)
Plasma chromium levels were determined in 243 healthy subjects. The study group consisted of 134 men and 109 women, ages 19-71 yr, all residing in Barcelona in northeastern Spain. The study was designed to assess the reference levels for plasma
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