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[The possibility of using inorganic fillers and matrix polymers in materials for radiation protection].
S Ia Lanina et al.
Meditsinskaia tekhnika, (6)(6), 10-13 (2013-01-12)
Souhaila Bouatra et al.
PloS one, 8(9), e73076-e73076 (2013-09-12)
Urine has long been a "favored" biofluid among metabolomics researchers. It is sterile, easy-to-obtain in large volumes, largely free from interfering proteins or lipids and chemically complex. However, this chemical complexity has also made urine a particularly difficult substrate to
R Shukla et al.
The International journal of neuroscience, 116(12), 1391-1402 (2006-12-06)
Evidence from clinical and experimental studies supports the hypothesis of free radical-mediated damage of dopaminergic neurons in the pathology of Parkin's disease (PD). The present study was undertaken to evaluate the role of nitric oxide and oxidative stress in PD.
Ana Navas-Acien et al.
Environmental health perspectives, 113(2), 164-169 (2005-02-03)
Exposure to metals may promote atherosclerosis. Blood cadmium and lead were associated with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in the 1999-2000 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). In the present study we evaluated the association between urinary levels of cadmium
Hideki Sugimoto et al.
Chemical Society reviews, 37(12), 2609-2619 (2008-11-21)
Recent characterisation of molybdenum and tungsten enzymes revealed novel structural types of reaction centres, as well as providing new subjects of interest as synthetic chemical analogues. This tutorial review highlights the structure/reactivity relationships of the enzyme reaction centres and chemical
D A Loeffler et al.
Journal of neural transmission. Parkinson's disease and dementia section, 9(1), 45-53 (1995-01-01)
Though depletion of CSF homovanillic acid (HVA) concentration has often been regarded as a direct indicator of dopamine (DA) deficiency in Parkinson's Disease (PD), CSF HVA is normal in mildly affected patients. To explore why, we measured DA and its
H U Shetty et al.
Clinical chemistry, 42(2), 298-302 (1996-02-01)
Previous studies suggest the presence of increased concentrations of cerebral myo-inositol in Alzheimer disease (AD). To characterize this abnormality further, we quantified myo-inositol and several other polyols in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and plasma from 10 AD subjects and 10 healthy
Y Kotake et al.
Journal of neurochemistry, 65(6), 2633-2638 (1995-12-01)
1-Benzyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline (1BnTIQ) was detected as a novel endogenous amine in mouse brain and parkinsonian CSF by using the gas chromatography-selected ion-monitoring method. The level of 1BnTIQ was very high in CSF of some parkinsonian patients compared with that of controls
Johannes Levin et al.
Dementia and geriatric cognitive disorders, 29(6), 553-559 (2010-07-08)
Increasing evidence suggests that elevated levels of homocysteine (Hcy) and methylmalonate (MMA) may be involved in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. The urine levels of MMA and serum levels of Hcy as well as folic acid and vitamin B(12) were
Wen Zhang et al.
The Analyst, 129(3), 229-234 (2004-02-24)
The fabrication and application of a novel electrochemical detector (ED) with nano crystalline Ce-doped lead dioxide film chemically modified electrode (CME) for liquid chromatography (LC) were described. The Ce-doped PbO(2) film was characterized by X-ray diffractometer (XRD) and scanning tunnel
Valerio Leoni et al.
Journal of lipid research, 46(2), 191-195 (2004-12-04)
In a recent publication [Diestel, A., O. Aktas, D. Hackel, I. Hake, S. Meier, C. S. Raine, R. Nitsch, F. Zipp, and O. Ullrich. 2003. Activation of microglial poly (ADP-ribose)-polymerase-1 by cholesterol breakdown products during neuroinflammation: a link between demyelination
Pavel V Lukashev et al.
Journal of physics. Condensed matter : an Institute of Physics journal, 25(3), 036003-036003 (2012-12-12)
First-principle calculations are employed to show that the magnetic structure of small atomic clusters of Co, formed on a crystalline W(110) surface and containing 3-12 atoms, strongly deviates from the usual stable ferromagnetism of Co in other systems. The clusters
Gijsbert B van der Voet et al.
Military medicine, 172(9), 1002-1005 (2007-10-17)
Tungsten and tungsten compounds are considered toxicologically relatively safe. Concern regarding the potential health and environmental effects of depleted uranium and lead in military applications has lead many countries to explore the possibility of applying toxicologically safer metals. Heavy metal
Giovanni Forte et al.
Annali dell'Istituto superiore di sanita, 41(2), 189-195 (2005-10-26)
Twenty-six metals and the oxidative status in 71 patients affected by Parkinson's disease and 44 healthy individuals were compared in order to identify potential biomarkers of the disease. In the patients, the following significant imbalances were found (p < or
E Sabbioni et al.
The Science of the total environment, 120(1-2), 39-61 (1992-06-09)
The EURO TERVIHT (Trace Element Reference Values in Human Tissues), recently initiated, aims to establish and compare trace metal reference values in inhabitants from the different EC countries. The project anticipates international cooperation of specialized chemical and toxicological laboratories in
Weijie Zhao et al.
ACS nano, 7(1), 791-797 (2012-12-22)
Geometrical confinement effect in exfoliated sheets of layered materials leads to significant evolution of energy dispersion in mono- to few-layer thickness regime. Molybdenum disulfide (MoS(2)) was recently found to exhibit indirect-to-direct gap transition when the thickness is reduced to a
Gaurav Lalwani et al.
Acta biomaterialia, 9(9), 8365-8373 (2013-06-04)
In this study, we have investigated the efficacy of inorganic nanotubes as reinforcing agents to improve the mechanical properties of poly(propylene fumarate) (PPF) composites as a function of nanomaterial loading concentration (0.01-0.2 wt.%). Tungsten disulfide nanotubes (WSNTs) were used as
Carlos D Brondino et al.
Current opinion in chemical biology, 10(2), 109-114 (2006-02-17)
Mononuclear molybdenum and tungsten are found in the active site of a diverse group of enzymes that, in general, catalyze oxygen atom transfer reactions. Enzymes of the xanthine oxidase family are the best-characterized mononuclear Mo-containing enzymes. Several 3D structures of
Fredrik Uhlén et al.
Optics express, 21(7), 8051-8061 (2013-04-11)
Focusing hard x-ray free-electron laser radiation with extremely high fluence sets stringent demands on the x-ray optics. Any material placed in an intense x-ray beam is at risk of being damaged. Therefore, it is crucial to find the damage thresholds
Dae Yup Han et al.
International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics, 89(3), 666-673 (2014-04-23)
To demonstrate that utilization of the direction-modulated brachytherapy (DMBT) concept can significantly improve treatment plan quality in the setting of high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy for cervical cancer. The new, MRI-compatible, tandem design has 6 peripheral holes of 1.3-mm diameter, grooved along
The formation of 3-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenylalanine and 3-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenethylamine in plasma during L-DOPA therapy in patients with Parkinson's disease.
T Ishimitsu et al.
Chemical & pharmaceutical bulletin, 32(8), 3320-3322 (1984-08-01)
Charlene Ng et al.
ChemSusChem, 6(2), 291-298 (2013-01-17)
This work presents insight into the self-photorechargeability of WO(3), whereby the intercalation of positive alkali cations is accompanied by the simultaneous storage of photo-excited electrons. The cyclic voltammetry studies verify the photo-assisted intercalation and de-intercalation of Na(+) and K(+) from
M O Kristensen et al.
Acta neurologica Scandinavica, 87(6), 475-481 (1993-06-01)
The cobalamin status was evaluated in Alzheimer dementia (n = 26), other dementias (n = 24), various gerontopsychiatric disorders (n = 25), and in neuro-psychiatrically healthy controls (n = 20). Supplementing serum cobalamin we measured methylmalonic acid (MMA), a metabolite
M A Raskind et al.
Biological psychiatry, 46(6), 756-765 (1999-09-24)
High cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) norepinephrine (NE) concentrations in aging and Alzheimer's disease (AD) could reflect decreased NE clearance from central nervous system (CNS) extracellular fluid or increased release of NE into CNS extracellular fluid. Measuring CSF concentrations of the intraneuronal
Russ Hille
Trends in biochemical sciences, 27(7), 360-367 (2002-07-13)
Molybdenum is the only second-row transition metal that is required by most living organisms, and the few species that do not require molybdenum use tungsten, which lies immediately below molybdenum in the periodic table. Because of their unique chemical versatility
J A Molina et al.
Journal of neural transmission (Vienna, Austria : 1996), 109(7-8), 1035-1044 (2002-07-12)
Thiamine is an essential cofactor for several important enzymes involved in brain oxidative metabolism, such as the alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex (KGDHC), pyruvate-dehydrogenase complex (PDHC), and transketolase. Some investigators reported decreased thiamine-diphosphate levels and decreased activities of KGDHC, pyruvate-dehydrogenase complex and
A Moser et al.
Journal of the neurological sciences, 131(2), 183-189 (1995-08-01)
We could identify the MPTP-like compound and isoquinoline derivative N-methyl-norsalsolinol (2-MDTIQ) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with Parkinson's disease. The presence of 2-MDTIQ negatively correlated with the disease duration. In order to study the relationship between presence of 2-MDTIQ
Xiang Li et al.
Journal of biomedical optics, 17(10), 106005-106005 (2012-12-12)
The catheter-based intravascular photoacoustic (IVPA) imaging for diagnosing atherosclerosis, which can provide optical absorption contrast of the arterial wall besides acoustic scattering contrast from the conventional intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging, has been intensively researched recently. The resolution of IVPA is
G Galloro et al.
Endoscopy, 45(2), 121-126 (2013-01-12)
Thermal injury of the colonic wall during polypectomy may induce complications such as bleeding and perforation. To date, the role of the snare material in these injuries has not been examined. The aim of this study was to evaluate the
L Samuel Keith et al.
Toxicology and industrial health, 23(5-6), 309-345 (2008-04-05)
As part of its mandate, the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry prepares toxicological profiles on hazardous chemicals found at Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act, National Priorities List sites that have the greatest public health impact. These
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