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267619

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Priscilla K Walker et al.
Health physics, 106(4), 523-527 (2014-02-25)
Beam shaping in scattered and uniform scanned proton beam therapy (PBT) is made commonly by brass apertures. Due to proton interactions, these devices become radioactive and could pose safety issues and radiation hazards. Nearly 2,000 patient-specific devices per year are
Tasleem Akhtar et al.
Pakistan journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 27(1), 173-177 (2014-01-01)
Zinc deficiency is a commonly reported health problem throughout the world. This cross sectional survey was conducted in rural Peshawar with an aim to estimate the prevalence of zinc deficiency in women of child bearing age and find its association
C Syburra et al.
Ukrains'kyi biokhimichnyi zhurnal (1999 ), 71(3), 112-115 (1999-12-28)
It is well known that brain and nervous system cells are prone to oxidative damage because of their relatively low content of antioxidants, especially enzymatic ones, and of the high levels of both membrane polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and iron
R Paniagua et al.
Nephron, 69(2), 147-150 (1995-01-01)
Patients with chronic renal failure often have low plasma zinc (Zn) levels. Some factors that may account for abnormal Zn metabolism in these patients are low dietary Zn intake, a specific Zn transport defect, or absence of intestinal Zn ligand.
Richa Marwari et al.
Journal of environmental biology, 33(5), 849-854 (2013-06-06)
In this study Sanganer town, Jaipur was selected as study area. The plants of Lycopersicon esculentum var. K 21(Tomato) treated with 20 and 30% textile wastewater were analyzed for metal accumulation, growth and biochemical parameters at per, peak and post
H I Fal'fushyns'ka et al.
Ukrains'kyi biokhimichnyi zhurnal (1999 ), 85(3), 52-61 (2013-08-14)
The effect of metal-nanocomposites (Me-NC) of cobalt and zinc (Co- and Zn-NC, correspondingly) synthecized on the basis of vinylpyrrolidone (PS) on the metal-accumulative proteins with antioxidant potential metallothioneins (MT) in crucian carp (Carassius auratus gibelio) was studied. Fish was subjected
Ida Beathe Overjordet et al.
The Science of the total environment, 502, 548-556 (2014-10-10)
Seasonal fluctuations in mercury (Hg), cadmium (Cd), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu) and selenium (Se) concentrations were studied in black-legged kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla) from Kongsfjorden, Svalbard (79°57'N, 12°12'E). Element concentrations were determined in muscle and liver tissue in kittiwakes collected in
D Religa et al.
Neurology, 67(1), 69-75 (2006-07-13)
To determine whether changes in brain biometals in Alzheimer disease (AD) and in normal brain tissue are tandemly associated with amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) burden and dementia severity. The authors measured zinc, copper, iron, manganese, and aluminum and Abeta levels in
M K Sim et al.
Regulatory peptides, 111(1-3), 179-182 (2003-03-01)
The plasma levels of des-aspartate-angiotensin I (DAA-I) in three models of hypertensive rats and hypertensive subjects were determined and compared with their normotensive controls. The rationale for the study was based on our earlier findings showing that DAA-I is a
Peter Stenvinkel et al.
Clinical journal of the American Society of Nephrology : CJASN, 1(2), 281-287 (2007-08-21)
Myeloperoxidase (MPO), which is secreted during activation of neutrophils, may serve as one mechanistic link among persistent inflammation, oxidative stress, and cardiovascular disease. This study related MPO activity to inflammatory and oxidative stress biomarkers, comorbidity, and ongoing medication in prevalent
Kohei Takeshita et al.
Nature structural & molecular biology, 21(4), 352-357 (2014-03-04)
The voltage-gated proton channel Hv1 (or VSOP) has a voltage-sensor domain (VSD) with dual roles of voltage sensing and proton permeation. Its gating is sensitive to pH and Zn(2+). Here we present a crystal structure of mouse Hv1 in the
Osamu Oikawa et al.
Clinical and experimental nephrology, 11(4), 304-308 (2007-12-19)
Complications associated with atherosclerosis in dialysis patients are attracting attention. Fetuin-A, a circulating calcium-regulatory glycoprotein that inhibits vascular calcification, is associated with inflammation and outcome in dialysis patients. In this study, the relation between serum fetuin-A concentration and biochemical parameters
J-M Serot et al.
Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry, 76(11), 1585-1587 (2005-10-18)
Homocysteine may be involved in the pathogenesis of late onset Alzheimer's disease. It is implicated in the metabolism of several important pathways in the brain. Methylmalonic acid (MMA) is related to the metabolism of branched chained amino acids and fatty
Manuela Mellone et al.
Journal of neurochemistry, 132(2), 159-168 (2014-10-17)
Zinc (Zn(2+) ) is believed to play a relevant role in the physiology and pathophysiology of the brain. Hence, Zn(2+) homeostasis is critical and involves different classes of molecules, including Zn(2+) transporters. The ubiquitous Zn(2+) transporter-1 (ZNT-1) is a transmembrane
FPIN's clinical inquiries. Treatments for symptoms of the common cold.
Cat Livingston et al.
American family physician, 88(12), Online-Online (2013-12-25)
Beatriz Garrido-Rodriguez et al.
Chemosphere, 107, 379-385 (2014-01-29)
Batch type and column experiments were used to study competitive adsorption-desorption and transport for Cd, Cu, Ni and Zn in a mine soil, both un-amended and amended with mussel shell. Batch type experiments showed that adsorption was affected by the
Marcella C Galvão et al.
Life sciences, 120, 54-60 (2014-12-03)
Previous investigations by our group have shown that prenatal treatment with lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 100 μg/kg, intraperitoneally) on gestation day (GD) 9.5 in rats, which mimics infections by Gram-negative bacteria, induces short- and long-term behavioral and neuroimmune changes in the offspring.
Eleni Kouremenou-Dona et al.
The Science of the total environment, 359(1-3), 76-81 (2005-06-16)
Serum copper and zinc concentrations of 506 (414 males and 92 females) apparently healthy Greek blood donors aged 18-60 years old were determined by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. The mean copper and zinc concentrations were 115.46+/-23.56 microg/dl and 77.11+/-17.67 microg/dl
Xiang Sheng et al.
Biochemistry, 53(27), 4455-4466 (2014-06-26)
Pyruvate carboxylase (PC) catalyzes the carboxylation of pyruvate to produce oxaloacetate. Its activity is directly related to insulin release and thus PC has recently attracted great interest as a potential target for diabetes treatment. In this article, the catalytic mechanism
Jian-ping Jia et al.
Chinese medical journal, 117(8), 1161-1164 (2004-09-14)
An important aspect of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is loss or impairment of cholinergic neurons. It is controversial whether there is a similar cholinergic impairment and cerebral deficit of acetylcholine (ACh) in the case of vascular dementia (VD). The purpose of
T Kikuchi et al.
Clinical chemistry, 27(11), 1899-1902 (1981-11-01)
We describe a method for determination of guanidino compounds in plasma and erythrocytes. The compounds are separated by liquid chromatography, the concentrations in the effluent being estimated fluorometrically (Trans. Am. Soc. Artif. Intern. Organs 24: 61, 1978). Guanidinoacetic acid, guanidinosuccinic
Susan J Zunino et al.
The British journal of nutrition, 112(3), 369-380 (2014-05-17)
Obese individuals are at an increased risk of developing CVD, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and bacterial and viral infections when compared with the normal-weight population. In a 9-week randomised, double-blind, cross-over study, twenty-four obese subjects aged between 20 and 60
Charley C Staats et al.
Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology, 3, 65-65 (2013-10-18)
Zinc is a ubiquitous metal in all life forms, as it is a structural component of the almost 10% of eukaryotic proteins, which are called zinc-binding proteins. In zinc-limiting conditions such as those found during infection, pathogenic fungi activate the
Laura M Lamberti et al.
Nutrients, 5(11), 4715-4740 (2013-11-29)
Evidence supporting the impact of therapeutic zinc supplementation on the duration and severity of diarrhea among children under five is largely derived from studies conducted in South Asia. China experiences a substantial portion of the global burden of diarrhea, but
Sonia Melino et al.
The FEBS journal, 281(3), 657-672 (2013-11-14)
Natural antimicrobial peptides represent a primordial mechanism of immunity in both vertebrate and nonvertebrate organisms. Among them, histatins belong to a family of human salivary metal-binding peptides displaying potent antibacterial, antifungal and wound-healing activities. These properties, along with the ability
Helena Stecka et al.
Environmental monitoring and assessment, 186(10), 6145-6155 (2014-05-30)
A simple and fast solid phase extraction procedure was developed to pre-concentrate traces of Cu and Zn prior to their determination in honey samples by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. The sample preparation included dissolution of honey samples and the passage
M A Lovell et al.
Archives of neurology, 58(3), 392-396 (2001-03-20)
Markers of oxidative stress are increased in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with Alzheimer disease (AD), although none of those reported are appropriate diagnostic markers because of the overlap between patients with AD and control subjects. To determine the ratio
Karine Cavalcanti Mauricio de Sena et al.
Biological trace element research, 105(1-3), 1-9 (2005-07-22)
The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of oral zinc supplementation in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) on metabolic control and zinc blood concentrations. The sample consisted of 20 patients with T1DM and a control group
Johan Hattne et al.
Nature methods, 11(5), 545-548 (2014-03-19)
X-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) sources enable the use of crystallography to solve three-dimensional macromolecular structures under native conditions and without radiation damage. Results to date, however, have been limited by the challenge of deriving accurate Bragg intensities from a heterogeneous
Kazuko Nakashima-Kaneda et al.
International archives of allergy and immunology, 161 Suppl 2, 44-51 (2013-06-05)
Zinc (Zn) affects many aspects of immune function, including thymic development and the activities of immune cells. Zn is also involved in many steps of high-affinity IgE receptor (FcεRI)-induced mast cell (MC) activation, which is required for degranulation and cytokine
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