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271004

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Jian-Ming He et al.
International immunopharmacology, 24(2), 182-190 (2014-12-20)
Rubi Fructus, a traditional Chinese medicine, was considered as an anti-inflammatory agent in folk medicine. In the present study, we investigated the signalling pathways involved in the anti-inflammatory effects of goshonoside-F5 (GF5), isolated from Rubi Fructus, in peritoneal macrophages and
Yu Zhang et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 21(16), 9468-9476 (2013-08-15)
Nonylphenol ethoxylates (NPEOs) with low ethoxylation degree (NPav₂EO; containing two ethoxy units on average) and estrogenic properties are the intermediate products of nonionic surfactant NPEOs. To better understand the environmental fate of low-ethoxylated NPEOs, phylogenetically diverse low-ethoxylated NPEO-degrading bacteria were
Keith G Davies et al.
The Journal of experimental biology, 218(Pt 5), 778-785 (2015-01-27)
Ambient exposure to a short synthetic peptide has enhanced fecundity (number of offspring) in invertebrates and vertebrates, ostensibly by disinhibiting reproduction. In separate experiments, nematodes (Caenorhabditis elegans) and guppy fish (Poecilia reticulata) were exposed via their aqueous environment to a
Kara Lea Vine et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 32(3), 1045-1054 (2014-09-19)
Overexpression of the serine protease urokinase (uPA) is recognised as an important biomarker of metastatic disease and a druggable anticancer target. Plasminogen activator inhibitor type-2 (PAI-2/SerpinB2) is a specific uPA inhibitor with proven potential for use in targeted therapy. However
L M Berger et al.
Journal of dairy science, 98(8), 5688-5698 (2015-06-22)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the ruminal degradation of the flavonol quercetin and to determine its potential antimicrobial effects on ruminal fermentation in cows. Ruminal degradation of quercetin (0 or 100μmol/L, respectively) as well as its
Núria Monfort et al.
Drug testing and analysis, 7(9), 819-830 (2015-03-03)
A fast screening method for the detection of more than 60 stimulants in urine was developed. The method consisted of a dilution of the urine (1:5 v/v) and analysis by ultra high performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry
Undine Behrendt et al.
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 108(6), 1457-1468 (2015-10-07)
In the context of studying the influence of N-fertilization on N2 and N2O flux rates in relation to the soil bacterial community composition in fen peat grassland, a group of bacterial strains was isolated that performed dissimilatory nitrate reduction to
Pradipbhai D Kalariya et al.
Journal of mass spectrometry : JMS, 50(11), 1222-1233 (2015-10-28)
Tinoridine is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug and also has potent radical scavenger and antiperoxidative activity. However, metabolism of tinoridine has not been thoroughly investigated. To identify in vivo metabolites, the drug was administered to Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 5) at a dose
Fumika Mi-ichi et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(22), E2884-E2890 (2015-05-20)
Hydrogenosomes and mitosomes are mitochondrion-related organelles (MROs) that have highly reduced and divergent functions in anaerobic/microaerophilic eukaryotes. Entamoeba histolytica, a microaerophilic, parasitic amoebozoan species, which causes intestinal and extraintestinal amoebiasis in humans, possesses mitosomes, the existence and biological functions of
Aitor Carretero et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 406(22), 5465-5476 (2014-06-28)
Multiple analytical methods are required to comprehensively assess oxidative homeostasis and specific damage to macromolecules. Our aim was to develop a straightforward strategy for the fast assessment of global oxidative status and specific damage to DNA, proteins, and lipids. To
Panfeng Yu et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 959, 55-61 (2014-04-29)
This paper described a novel application of PEGylated magnetic carbon nanotubes as solid-phase extraction nanosorbents for the determination of puerarin in rat plasma by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). A solvothermal method was employed for the synthesis of monodisperse magnetites
Pius S Fasinu et al.
Malaria journal, 13, 507-507 (2014-12-19)
Primaquine, currently the only approved drug for the treatment and radical cure of Plasmodium vivax malaria, is still used as a racemic mixture. Clinical use of primaquine has been limited due to haemolytic toxicity in individuals with genetic deficiency in
Alexandra A Astafieva et al.
Plant science : an international journal of experimental plant biology, 238, 323-329 (2015-08-11)
Two novel homologous peptides named ToHyp1 and ToHyp2 that show no similarity to any known proteins were isolated from Taraxacum officinale Wigg. flowers by multidimensional liquid chromatography. Amino acid and mass spectrometry analyses demonstrated that the peptides have unusual structure:
T Alvarez-Segura et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1409, 79-88 (2015-07-29)
Getting useful chemical information from samples containing many compounds is still a challenge to analysts in liquid chromatography. The highest complexity corresponds to samples for which there is no prior knowledge about their chemical composition. Computer-based methodologies are currently considered
Christian Atsriku et al.
Xenobiotica; the fate of foreign compounds in biological systems, 45(5), 428-441 (2014-12-09)
1. The disposition of tanzisertib [(1S,4R)-4-(9-((S)tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-8-(2,4,6-trifluorophenylamino)-9H-purin-2-ylamino) cyclohexanol], a potent, orally active c-Jun amino-terminal kinase inhibitor intended for treatment of fibrotic diseases was studied in rats, dogs and humans following a single oral dose of [(14)C]tanzisertib (Independent Investigational Review Board Inc.
Caroline Le Maréchal et al.
Journal of proteomics, 113, 447-461 (2014-08-26)
Propionibacterium freudenreichii is a beneficial bacterium used in the food industry as a vitamin producer, as a bio-preservative, as a cheese ripening starter and as a probiotic. It is known to adhere to intestinal epithelial cells and mucus and to
Joshua O Sestak et al.
The AAPS journal, 16(6), 1185-1193 (2014-09-07)
Presentation of antigen with immune stimulating "signal" has been a cornerstone of vaccine design for decades. Here, the antigen plus immune "signal" of vaccines is modified to produce antigen-specific immunotherapies (antigen-SITs) that can potentially reprogram the immune response toward tolerance
Esther See et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 473(1-2), 528-535 (2014-08-01)
To facilitate the development of a liposomal formulation for cancer therapy, the physicochemical properties of asulacrine (ASL), an anticancer drug candidate, were characterized. Nano-liposomes were prepared by thin-film hydration in conjugation with active drug loading using ammonium sulphate and post-insertion
Peng Liu et al.
Chinese journal of natural medicines, 13(6), 471-480 (2015-06-16)
A method coupling ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometer (Qtof MS) using the electrospray ionization (ESI) source was developed for the identification of the major saponins from Panax notoginseng powder (PNP). Ten different PNP samples were analyzed
Lien Taevernier et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 491(1-2), 144-151 (2015-06-28)
Fusafungine, a mixture of the cyclic hexadepsipeptides enniatins, is currently on the market for the treatment of upper respiratory tract diseases because of its bacteriostatic and anti-inflammatory effects. In this study, a quality-by-design risk assessment was performed with two objectives:
Tarek A Ahmed et al.
AAPS PharmSciTech, 15(3), 772-780 (2014-03-22)
The objective of this study was to investigate the sustained release of a hydrophilic drug, montelukast (MK), from two biodegradable polymeric drug delivery systems, in situ implant (ISI) and in situ microparticles (ISM). N-Methyl pyrrolidone (NMP), dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), triacetin
Jian-Sheng Liu et al.
International journal of nanomedicine, 9, 3923-3935 (2014-08-26)
P-glycoprotein (P-gp) mediated drug efflux across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is an important mechanism underlying poor brain penetration of certain antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). Nanomaterials, as drug carriers, can overcome P-gp activity and improve the targeted delivery of AEDs. However, their
Takeshi Fukushima et al.
Biometals : an international journal on the role of metal ions in biology, biochemistry, and medicine, 28(4), 669-677 (2015-04-09)
We previously developed a chelating ligand, 1-(2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde)-4-aminosalicylhydrazone (HMB-ASH), which can chelate Fe(III) to form a complex. The HMB-ASH-Fe(III) complex exhibits a dose-dependent anti-proliferative effect in HepG2 cells, whereas the ligand, HMB-ASH, and Fe(III) alone had no considerable effect. The HMB-ASH-Fe(III)
Nadia Bernardi et al.
Journal of dairy science, 98(12), 8405-8413 (2015-10-12)
The aim of the study was to investigate the possibility to differentiate the 4 most important species in Italian dairy industry (cow, buffalo, sheep, and goat), applying a bottom-up proteomic approach to assess the milk species involved in cheese production.
Yunzhe Ma et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 103(11), 3621-3630 (2014-09-13)
This study demonstrates for the first time the ability to coat solid dispersions on microneedles as a means to deliver water-insoluble drugs through the skin. Polyethylene glycol (PEG) was selected as the hydrophilic matrix, and lidocaine base was selected as
Jae Kyoo Lee et al.
Quarterly reviews of biophysics, 48(4), 437-444 (2015-11-06)
Using high-resolution mass spectrometry, we have studied the synthesis of isoquinoline in a charged electrospray droplet and the complexation between cytochrome c and maltose in a fused droplet to investigate the feasibility of droplets to drive reactions (both covalent and
Nikolett Baranyi et al.
Acta biologica Hungarica, 66(3), 339-347 (2015-09-08)
The occurrence of potential aflatoxin producing fungi was examined in various agricultural products and indoor air in Central European countries including Hungary, Serbia and Croatia. For species identification, both morphological and sequence based methods were applied. Aspergillus flavus was detected
Weiwei Ye et al.
Journal of chromatographic science, 53(5), 716-724 (2014-09-23)
DB-6, with an IUPAC name of (Z)-5-(2,4-di-tert-butyl-6-((2,4-dioxothiazolidin-5-ylidene)methyl)phenyl)-5'-methyl-7,7'-dimethoxy-[4,4'-bibenzo[d][1,3]dioxole]-5,5'-dicarboxylate, is an investigational agent for acute liver failure. The focus of this study is the identification and characterization of major unknown impurities in DB-6 bulk drug samples. Four major impurities of DB-6 were
DeQing Cao et al.
Drug and chemical toxicology, 38(1), 44-49 (2014-03-22)
A Type II pyrethroid pesticide β-cypermethrin is widely used in agriculture and domestic applications for pest control. However, the effect of β-cypermethrin on the glutamate neurotransmitter has not been well-documented. In the current study, mice were treated with 20, 40
Hyunji Lee et al.
Applied microbiology and biotechnology, 99(22), 9473-9481 (2015-06-11)
The enzyme ferulic acid decarboxylase (FADase) from Enterobacter sp. Px6-4 catalyzes the decarboxylation reaction of lignin monomers and phenolic compounds such as p-coumaric acid, caffeic acid, and ferulic acid into their corresponding 4-vinyl derivatives, that is, 4-vinylphenol, 4-vinylcatechol, and 4-vinylguaiacol
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