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Lei He et al.
World journal of gastroenterology, 13(29), 4015-4018 (2007-08-01)
To study the effect of glucose on sodium butyrate-induced proliferation inhibition and apoptosis in HT-29 cell line, and explored its possible mechanisms. HT-29 cells were grown in RPMI-1640 medium supplemented with 10% fetal calf serum, and were allowed to adhere
Kimberlee S Mix et al.
Molecular pharmacology, 65(2), 309-318 (2004-01-27)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) degrade extracellular matrix components, and overexpression of these enzymes contributes to tissue destruction in arthritis. Of particular importance are the collagenases, MMP-1 and MMP-13, which have high activity against the interstitial collagens in cartilage. In this study
Bert Wouters et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1370, 63-69 (2014-12-03)
The gradient-performance limits of capillary ion chromatography have been assessed at maximum system pressure (34.5 MPa) using capillary columns packed with 4.1 μm macroporous anion-exchange particles coated with 65 nm positively-charged nanobeads. In analogy to the van-Deemter curve, the gradient
C J L Silwood et al.
Journal of dental research, 81(6), 422-427 (2002-07-05)
We have explored the ability of high-resolution NMR techniques to (1) index salivary biomolecules and (2) provide valuable data regarding intra- and inter-subject variability in the concentrations of a series of components readily determinable by this technique (organic acids and
Baichuan Hu et al.
The journal of physical chemistry. A, 114(1), 355-359 (2009-11-26)
The rate of iodination of acetone has been measured as a function of temperature in the binary solvent isobutyric acid (IBA) + water near the upper consolute point. The reaction mixture was prepared by the addition of acetone, iodine, and
Timothy Kernan et al.
Biotechnology and bioengineering, 113(1), 189-197 (2015-07-16)
There is growing interest in developing non-photosynthetic routes for the conversion of CO2 to fuels and chemicals. One underexplored approach is the transfer of energy to the metabolism of genetically modified chemolithoautotrophic bacteria. Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans is an obligate chemolithoautotroph that
Nicoletta Beffagna et al.
Journal of experimental botany, 58(15-16), 4183-4194 (2007-11-28)
In Arabidopsis thaliana cells, fusicoccin (FC) treatment induced an early and marked increase in the extracellular H(2)O(2) level. It also increased the huge hypo-osmotic stress-induced oxidative wave and, in addition, prevented the H(2)O(2) peak drop. These effects were apparently not
Marcos Alexandre Nobre Lemos et al.
Journal of biotechnology, 143(2), 103-110 (2009-07-21)
The cDNA encoding the rabies virus glycoprotein (RVGP) gene was cloned in expression plasmids under the control of the inductive metallothionein promoter. They were designed in order to bear or not a secretion signal (i) and a cDNA coding for
Kerry A Lucas et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 282(34), 24980-24989 (2007-06-21)
The subcellular sites of branched-chain amino acid metabolism in plants have been controversial, particularly with respect to valine catabolism. Potential enzymes for some steps in the valine catabolic pathway are clearly present in both mitochondria and peroxisomes, but the metabolic
Voravee P Hoven et al.
Journal of colloid and interface science, 314(2), 446-459 (2007-07-31)
A chemically grafted tris(trimethylsiloxy)silyl (tris(TMS)) monolayer on a silicon oxide substrate was used as a template for creating nanoclusters of polymer brushes. Polymer brushes were synthesized by surface-initiated polymerization of 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC) and tert-butyl methacrylate (t-BMA) via atom transfer
Yi Zeng et al.
The journal of physical chemistry. A, 115(19), 4995-5004 (2011-04-29)
Computational investigations on the acid-promoted hydrolysis of 2-aryl-4,4-dimethyloxazolin-5-one (AMO) and its seven para- and meta-substituted derivatives (with electron-donating groups R = OH, OCH(3), CH(3) and electron-withdrawing groups R = Cl, m-Cl, CF(3), NO(2)) were presented by the density functional theory
Harry Michael Falk et al.
Bioprocess and biosystems engineering, 38(2), 237-249 (2014-08-22)
An ATR-MIR-FTIR spectrometer was integrated into a laboratory scale anaerobic digestion setup. Automatically, a sludge sample from the digester was transferred to a measurement cell; an IR spectrum was recorded and evaluated by chemometric models to estimate the concentration of
Qiang Liu et al.
Archives of animal nutrition, 62(5), 377-388 (2008-10-24)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of isobutyrate supplementations on rumen fermentation, urinary excretion of purine derivatives and feed digestibility in steers. Eight ruminally cannulated Simmental steers were used in a replicated 4 x 4 Latin
Jijian Si et al.
PloS one, 7(9), e43973-e43973 (2012-09-08)
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterized by acute and chronic changes in the stress response, manifested as conditioned fear memory. Previously formed memories that are susceptible to disruption immediately after retrieval undergo a protein synthesis-dependent process to become persistent, termed
Tomás Rezanka et al.
The Journal of antibiotics, 63(8), 524-529 (2010-07-29)
Precursor-directed biogenetic approach was used to produce a range of nonactin homologues in a 50 l fermentor cultivation of strain Streptomyces griseus 34/249 obtained by UV mutagenesis. The production medium contained sodium propionate, isobutyrate and isovalerate as individual precursors, and
Chen Chen et al.
The journal of adhesive dentistry, 16(2), 169-176 (2014-04-01)
To evaluate the effects of a commercial zirconia primer (Choice or RelyX Unicem) on shear bond strength (SBS) of two different resin composite cements - Choice (a conventional bis-GMA-based resin cement) and RelyX Unicem (self-adhesive resin cement) - to zirconia.
M S P Stevar et al.
Journal of colloid and interface science, 383(1), 184-197 (2012-07-20)
We report optical observations of the dissolution behaviour of glycerol/water, soybean oil/hexane, and isobutyric acid (IBA)/water binary mixtures within horizontal capillary tubes. Tubes with diameters as small as 0.2mm were initially filled with one component of the binary mixture (solute)
Julia Biermann et al.
Molecular vision, 17, 395-403 (2011-02-12)
Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) have neuroprotective effects under various neurodegenerative conditions, e.g., after optic nerve crush (ONC). HDACi-mediated protection of central neurons by increased histone acetylation has not previously been demonstrated in rat retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), although epigenetic changes
A Vyalikh et al.
Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP, 9(18), 2249-2257 (2007-05-10)
Solid state deuterium NMR has been used to study the molecular motion of d(6)-isobutyric acid (d(6)-iBA) in the pure (unconfined) state and confined in the cylindrical pores of two periodic mesoporous silica materials (MCM-41, pore size 3.3 nm and SBA-15
Wojciech Hilgier et al.
Neurobiology of disease, 35(1), 75-81 (2009-04-22)
Brain L-glutamine (Gln) accumulation and increased activity of the NO/cGMP pathway are immediate consequences of acute exposure to ammonia. This study tested whether excess Gln may influence NO and/or cGMP synthesis. Intrastriatal administration of the glutaminase inhibitor 6-diazo-5-oxo-L-norleucine or the
Chifu B Huang et al.
Archives of oral biology, 56(7), 650-654 (2011-02-22)
This study assessed the antibacterial activity of short-, medium-, and long-chain fatty acids against various oral microorganisms. The short-chain fatty acids [formic acid (C1), acetic acid (C2), propionic acid (C3), butyric acid (C4), isobutyric acid (C4), isovaleric acid (C5), hexanoic
Biswajit Das et al.
Virology, 474, 65-81 (2014-12-03)
HIV patients with severe periodontitis have high levels of residual virus in their saliva and plasma despite effective therapy (HAART). Multiple short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) from periodontal pathogens reactivate HIV-1 in both Jurkat and primary T-cell models of latency.
E M Faed et al.
Clinical and experimental pharmacology & physiology, 5(2), 195-198 (1978-03-01)
1. Two main conjugates of CPIB (2-[chlorophenoxy]-2-methylpropionic acid) are present in the urine of subjects taking clofibrate. The metabolites can be separated by thin-layer chromatography (TLC). 2. Both conjugates are hydrolysed by dilute alkali, but only one is hydrolysed by
Freek Spitaels et al.
Food microbiology, 47, 1-11 (2015-01-15)
Gueuze beers are prepared by mixing young and old lambic beers and are bottle-refermented spontaneously for aging. The present study analyzed the microbiota and metabolites present in gueuze beers that were aged between a few months and up to 17
Urara Hasegawa et al.
Macromolecular bioscience, 15(11), 1512-1522 (2015-06-24)
Prodrug micelles carrying 5-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-3H-1,2-dithiole-3-thione (ADT-OH), a compound possessing chemopreventive properties, are prepared from amphiphilic block copolymers linking ADT-OH via an ester bond using glycine (PAM-PGlyADT) and isoleucine linkers (PAM-PIleADT). The release of ADT-OH from the PAM-PIleADT micelles is much slower
Stéphanie Rollero et al.
Applied microbiology and biotechnology, 99(5), 2291-2304 (2014-11-22)
Volatile compounds produced by yeast during fermentation greatly influence the organoleptic qualities of wine. We developed a model to predict the combined effects of initial nitrogen and phytosterol content and fermentation temperature on the production of volatile compounds. We used
Wei Zhang-Sun et al.
FEBS letters, 589(1), 165-171 (2014-12-06)
The levels of sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB), including Desulfovibrionaceae, in the gut increase following a fat-enriched diet. Endotoxins from gut microbiota contribute to the inflammation process, leading to metabolic diseases. Thus, we sought to characterize the lipid A structures of Desulfovibrionaceae
Margaux Cameleyre et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(44), 9777-9788 (2015-11-04)
This study focused on the impact of five higher alcohols on the perception of fruity aroma in red wines. Various aromatic reconstitutions were prepared, consisting of 13 ethyl esters and acetates and 5 higher alcohols, all at the average concentrations
T Høverstad et al.
Scandinavian journal of gastroenterology, 19(3), 375-381 (1984-05-01)
The short-chain fatty acids ( SCFAs ) have been studied in the feces of 20 healthy subjects--10 methane excretors and 10 non-methane excretors. The analytical procedure included homogenization of fecal samples followed by vacuum distillation and subsequent gas chromatography. This
P Madhusudhana Reddy et al.
The journal of physical chemistry. B, 115(42), 12065-12075 (2011-09-21)
We report the influence of variation of molecular weights (MWs = 2, 4, 6, and 9 × 10(5) g mol(-1)) and concentration (C) of a long-chain polymer (polyethylene oxide, PEO) on an upper critical solution temperature (UCST) of isobutyric acid
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