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Kayvan F Tehrani et al.
Optics express, 23(10), 13677-13692 (2015-06-16)
The resolution of Single Molecule Localization Microscopy (SML) is dependent on the width of the Point Spread Function (PSF) and the number of photons collected. However, biological samples tend to degrade the shape of the PSF due to the heterogeneity...
Paul J Mintz et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(8), 2515-2520 (2015-02-13)
In response to an urgent need for improved diagnostic and predictive serum biomarkers for management of metastatic prostate cancer, we used phage display fingerprinting to analyze sequentially acquired serum samples from a patient with advancing prostate cancer. We identified a...
Hui Zhang et al.
Biosensors & bioelectronics, 74, 872-877 (2015-08-05)
Salmonella typhimurium and Staphylococcus aureus are most common causes of food-associated disease. A Raman based biosensor was developed for S. typhimurium and S. aureus detection simultaneously. The biosensor was based on nanoparticles enhanced Raman intensity and the specific recognition of...
Eef Boets et al.
Nutrients, 7(11), 8916-8929 (2015-11-01)
Short chain fatty acids (SCFA), including acetate, propionate, and butyrate, are produced during bacterial fermentation of undigested carbohydrates in the human colon. In this study, we applied a stable-isotope dilution method to quantify the in vivo colonic production of SCFA...
Phanuel Saroni Arwa et al.
Journal of ethnopharmacology, 174, 410-418 (2015-09-01)
Garcinia brasiliensis, a plant native to the Brazilian Amazon Rainforest, is used in traditional medicine to treat inflammation of the urinary tract, peptic ulcers, arthritis and other conditions. The purposes of this study were to analyze the chemical constituents of...
Craig S Ross et al.
Alcohol and alcoholism (Oxford, Oxfordshire), 50(3), 358-364 (2015-03-11)
We investigated the population-level relationship between exposure to brand-specific advertising and brand-specific alcohol use among US youth. We conducted an internet survey of a national sample of 1031 youth, ages 13-20, who had consumed alcohol in the past 30 days....
Guicheng Song et al.
Planta, 241(5), 1271-1285 (2015-02-13)
Pollen tube growth in styles was strongly inhibited by temperature above 35 °C, and the yield of cotton decreased because of the adverse effect of high temperatures during square development. High-temperature stress during flowering influences the square development of upland...
T Y Nguyen et al.
Journal of biomedical materials research. Part A, 103(9), 2974-2986 (2015-02-19)
Magnesium (Mg) alloy is an attractive class of metallic biomaterial for cardiovascular applications due to its biodegradability and mechanical properties. In this study, we investigated the degradation in blood, thrombogenicity, and cytocompatibility of Magnesium-Zinc-Strontium (Mg-Zn-Sr) alloys, specifically four Mg-4 wt...
Mark E Lobatto et al.
ACS nano, 9(2), 1837-1847 (2015-01-27)
Atherosclerosis is a major cause of global morbidity and mortality that could benefit from novel targeted therapeutics. Recent studies have shown efficient and local drug delivery with nanoparticles, although the nanoparticle targeting mechanism for atherosclerosis has not yet been fully...
Alexander G J Skorput et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(31), 10977-10988 (2015-08-08)
Gestational exposure to ethanol has been reported to alter the disposition of tangentially migrating GABAergic cortical interneurons, but much remains to be elucidated. Here we first established the migration of interneurons as a proximal target of ethanol by limiting ethanol...
Cemil Aydoğan
Journal of chromatography. A, 1392, 63-68 (2015-03-31)
In this study, an anion-exchange/hydrophobic polymethacrylate-based stationary phase was prepared for nano-liquid chromatography of small organic molecules and inorganic anions. The stationary phase was synthesized by in situ polymerization of 3-chloro-2-hydroxypropylmethacrylate and ethylene dimethacrylate inside silanized 100 μm i.d. fused...
N Jedinger et al.
European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V, 92, 83-95 (2015-03-04)
The objective of the present study was to investigate interactions between alcohol and hot-melt extruded pellets and the resulting drug release behavior. The pellets were composed of vegetable calcium stearate as matrix carrier and paracetamol or codeine phosphate as model...
Masazumi Tamura et al.
Nature communications, 6, 8580-8580 (2015-10-06)
Multidentate materials formed by simply mixing heterogeneous and homogeneous components are promising for construction of versatile active sites on the surface of heterogeneous compounds, however, to the best of our knowledge, there are no reports on such materials. Self-assembly of...
D Q Li et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1345, 50-56 (2014-05-06)
Xanthine oxidase (XO) can catalyze hypoxanthine and xanthine to generate uric acid and reactive oxygen species (ROS), including superoxide anion radical (O₂(•-)) and hydrogen peroxide. XO inhibitors and free radical scavengers are beneficial to the treatment of gout and many...
Xiang Yu et al.
Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie, 73, 6-11 (2015-07-28)
Melanomas are malignant tumors characterized by early metastasis, rapid development, poor prognosis and high mortality. A highly effective and convenient method is necessary for long-term treatment of melanomas. Mitoxantrone (MTO) was topically applied for melanoma therapy using an MTO ethosome...
Wei-Wei Zhao et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1370, 121-128 (2014-12-03)
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have great potential for applications in chromatography due to their highly tailorable porous structures and unique properties. In this work, the stable MOF UiO-66 was evaluated as both a normal-phase (NP-) and a reverse-phase (RP-) stationary phase...
Qing-Bo Tang et al.
Neuroreport, 26(12), 703-711 (2015-07-15)
The medial and lateral styloconic sensilla, constituting the main taste organs of lepidopterous caterpillars, were investigated in the oligophagous species, Helicoverpa assulta (Guenée) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). In this paper, the two sensilla were morphologically and physiologically characterized by scanning electron microscopy...
Paola Palumbo et al.
Journal of cellular physiology, 230(8), 1974-1981 (2015-03-05)
Nowadays, fat tissue transplantation is widely used in regenerative and reconstructive surgery. However, a shared method of lipoaspirate handling for ensuring a good quality fat transplant has not yet been established. The study was to identify a method to recover...
S A Kim et al.
Journal of food protection, 78(12), 2233-2239 (2015-11-29)
This study investigated changes in the microbial composition of microbrewed beer during the manufacturing processes and identified potential microbial hazards, effective critical quality control points, and potential contamination routes. Comprehensive quantitative (aerobic plate count, lactic acid bacteria, fungi, acetic acid...
Filippa Fleetwood et al.
Scientific reports, 4, 7518-7518 (2014-12-18)
Angiogenesis plays an important role in cancer and ophthalmic disorders such as age-related macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy. The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family and corresponding receptors are regulators of angiogenesis and have been much investigated as therapeutic targets....
Vicente Ferreira et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1407, 30-41 (2015-07-15)
SPME is extremely sensitive to experimental parameters affecting liquid-gas and gas-solid distribution coefficients. Our aims were to measure the weights of these factors and to design a multivariate strategy based on the addition of a pool of internal standards, to...
Diana Cervantes-Madrid et al.
Oncology reports, 34(3), 1533-1542 (2015-07-03)
There is a strong rationale for targeting the metabolic alterations of cancer cells. The most studied of these are the higher rates of glycolysis, glutaminolysis and de novo synthesis of fatty acids (FAs). Despite the availability of pharmacological inhibitors of these...
Boxian Huang et al.
PloS one, 10(6), e0130332-e0130332 (2015-06-20)
Conventionally, mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) inactivated by mitomycin C or irradiation were applied to support the self-renew and proliferation of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs). To avoid the disadvangtages of mitomycin C and irradiation, here MEFs were treated by ethanol...
Keitaro Yokoyama et al.
Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association, 17(6), 1032-1036 (2002-05-29)
Pteridine metabolism is impaired in the uraemic state. This may affect cardiovascular function and contribute to malnutrition. We wished to clarify further the impact of impaired pteridine metabolism. Using the HPLC method, the plasma concentrations of endogenous pteridines were determined...
Kelly Michel et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(20), 7850-7865 (2015-05-23)
Successful myelin repair in the adult CNS requires the robust and timely production of myelin proteins to generate new myelin sheaths. The underlying regulatory mechanisms and complex molecular basis of myelin regeneration, however, remain poorly understood. Here, we investigate the...
Alena Skálová et al.
The American journal of surgical pathology, 39(3), 338-348 (2015-01-13)
This study examines the presence of the EWSR1 rearrangement in a variety of clear cell salivary gland carcinomas with myoepithelial differentiation. A total of 94 salivary gland carcinomas with a prominent clear cell component included 51 cases of clear cell...
Angelika Varga et al.
Pflugers Archiv : European journal of physiology, 466(7), 1421-1435 (2013-10-12)
The endogenous lipid agent N-arachidonoylethanolamine (anandamide), among other effects, has been shown to be involved in nociceptive processing both in the central and peripheral nervous systems. Anandamide is thought to be synthesised by several enzymatic pathways both in a Ca(2+)-sensitive...
Diego Raffo et al.
Oncology reports, 33(1), 439-447 (2014-10-24)
Estrogens and tamoxifen do not only exert their effects at the genomic level, but also play a role at the cell membrane activating downstream signaling pathways. We recently characterized an estrogen receptor-positive epithelial murine breast cancer cell line, LM05-E. Utilizing...
Judith Heubach et al.
Molecular cancer, 14, 108-108 (2015-05-23)
Urothelial carcinoma (UC) is the fifth most common cancer in the developed world. Delineation of differentiation subtypes in UC highlighted the importance of aberrant differentiation. Understanding underlying mechanisms may facilitate diagnosis and development of efficient therapy strategies. It is well...
Samaneh Mashaghi et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 11837-11837 (2015-07-03)
Scale reduction of chemical reactions enables novel screening and synthesis approaches that facilitate a highly parallelized and combinatorial exploration of chemical space. Droplet-based microfluidics have evolved as a powerful platform to allow many chemical reactions within small volumes that each...
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