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Shu-Hua Chen et al.
Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry, 26(9), 1433-1443 (2015-06-28)
Here, we critically evaluate the effects of changes in the ion internal energy (E(int)) on ion-neutral collision cross sections (CCS) of ions of two structurally diverse proteins, specifically the [M + 6H](6+) ion of ubiquitin (ubq(6+)), the [M + 5H](5+)
Kent Z Q Wang et al.
Mitochondrion, 17, 132-140 (2014-04-29)
Mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM) regulates mitochondrial biogenesis, which is downregulated by extracellular signal-regulated protein kinases (ERK1/2) in cells treated chronically with the complex I inhibitor 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+). We utilized mass spectrometry to identify ERK1/2-dependent TFAM phosphorylation sites. Mutation of
K Zarschler et al.
Nanoscale, 6(11), 6046-6056 (2014-04-30)
For effective localization of functionalized nanoparticles at diseased tissues such as solid tumours or metastases through biorecognition, appropriate targeting vectors directed against selected tumour biomarkers are a key prerequisite. The diversity of such vector molecules ranges from proteins, including antibodies
Ilaria Rea et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1840(12), 3393-3403 (2014-09-17)
Diatomite is a natural porous biomaterial of sedimentary origin, formed by fragments of diatom siliceous skeletons, called "frustules". Due to large availability in many areas of the world, chemical stability, and non-toxicity, these fossil structures have been widespread used in
Masaki Inoue et al.
Journal of cell science, 128(4), 656-669 (2015-01-23)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is an important mediator that triggers onset of autoimmune diseases and exerts its biological effects by interacting through two receptors, TNFR1 (also known as TNFRSF1A) and TNFR2 (also known as TNFRSF1B). TNFR2 signaling has significant potential
Alexander N Patananan et al.
Archives of biochemistry and biophysics, 569, 32-44 (2015-02-11)
l-Ascorbate, commonly known as vitamin C, serves as an antioxidant and cofactor essential for many biological processes. Distinct ascorbate biosynthetic pathways have been established for animals and plants, but little is known about the presence or synthesis of this molecule
Paul W R Harris et al.
Biopolymers, 104(2), 116-127 (2015-02-07)
The cancer protein NY-ESO-1 has been shown to be one of the most promising vaccine candidates although little is known about its cellular function. Using a chemical protein strategy, the 180 amino acid polypeptide, tagged with an arginine solubilizing tail
Baoting Dou et al.
The Analyst, 140(17), 5981-5986 (2015-07-17)
By coupling target DNA-induced reconfiguration of the dsDNA probes with enzyme-assisted target recycling amplification, we describe the development of a signal-on electrochemical sensing approach for sensitive detection of hereditary tyrosinemia type I gene. The dsDNA probes are self-assembled on the
Atsushi Shoji et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 95, 47-53 (2014-03-19)
Evaluation of cathepsin B activities for degrading collagen IV and heat-denatured collagen IV (gelatin) were performed by surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and circular dichroism (CD) measurements. The optimal pH of cathepsin B activity for degrading each substrate was around 4.0.
Demosthenes P Morales et al.
Molecular pharmaceutics, 12(2), 600-609 (2014-12-10)
While a host of methods exist to deliver genetic materials or small molecules to cells, very few are available for protein delivery to the cytosol. We describe a modular, light-activated nanocarrier that transports proteins into cells by receptor-mediated endocytosis and
Michael R Bukowski et al.
Analytical biochemistry, 469, 54-64 (2014-12-03)
Protein S-glutathionylation is a posttranslational modification that links oxidative stimuli to reversible changes in cellular function. Protein-glutathione mixed disulfide (PSSG) is commonly quantified by reduction of the disulfide and detection of the resultant glutathione species. This methodology is susceptible to
Yinghua Shen et al.
Analytical chemistry, 87(16), 8555-8563 (2015-08-04)
The formation of antidrug antibodies (ADA) can interfere with the accurate quantitation of therapeutic proteins, leading to significantly underestimated drug concentrations and confounded pharmacokinetic (PK) data interpretation. Although highly desirable, development of ADA-tolerant bioanalytical methods enabling unbiased measurement of both
Fang-Fang Cheng et al.
The Analyst, 139(16), 3860-3865 (2014-07-01)
The expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) is related to some cancer diseases. Recently, miRNAs have emerged as new candidate diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers for detecting a wide variety of cancers. Due to low levels, short sequences and high sequence homology among
Yang-Bao Miao et al.
Talanta, 147, 296-301 (2015-11-26)
A selective and facile fluorescence "switch-on" scheme is developed to detect antibiotics residues in food, using chloramphenicol (CAP) as model, based on a novel magnetic aptamer probe (aptamer-Pt-luminol nanocomposite labeled with hemin/G-quadruplex). Firstly, the composite probe is prepared through the
Nicola J Blackmore et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(29), 18187-18198 (2015-06-03)
Allostery, where remote ligand binding alters protein function, is essential for the control of metabolism. Here, we have identified a highly sophisticated allosteric response that allows complex control of the pathway for aromatic amino acid biosynthesis in the pathogen Mycobacterium
Jing Guo et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1356, 129-137 (2014-07-12)
Hydrogen-deuterium exchange mass spectrometry (HX-MS) with proteolytic fragmentation is used to determine patterns of unfolding, as measured by increased solvent exposure, with peptide-level resolution for a glycosylated monoclonal antibody both when eluted from a tentacle-type cation exchange column (Fractogel EMD
Lorraine Frost et al.
PloS one, 10(6), e0130478-e0130478 (2015-06-27)
The mammalian high mobility group protein AT-hook 2 (HMGA2) is a chromosomal architectural transcription factor involved in cell transformation and oncogenesis. It consists of three positively charged "AT-hooks" and a negatively charged C-terminus. Sequence analyses, circular dichroism experiments, and gel-filtration
Adrian M Gospodarek et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1371, 204-219 (2014-12-03)
In hydrophobic interaction chromatography (HIC), interactions between buried hydrophobic residues and HIC surfaces can cause conformational changes that interfere with separations and cause yield losses. This paper extends our previous investigations of protein unfolding in HIC chromatography by identifying protein
Xiaoqiang Qiao et al.
The Analyst, 140(2), 407-413 (2014-11-26)
In this study, a novel type of pyridinium-based tags, 1-[3-[(2-iodo-1-oxoethyl)amino]propyl]-4-methylpyridinium bromide (IMP) and 1-[3-[(2-iodo-1-oxoethyl)amino]propyl]-4-propylpyridinium bromide (IPP), were designed, synthesized, and applied to the derivatization of thiol-containing peptides. With model peptides as the sample, the labeling efficiency and the stability of
Maxime Leclerc et al.
Environmental science & technology, 49(13), 7709-7716 (2015-05-27)
The uptake of mercury by microorganisms is a key step in the production of methylmercury, a biomagnifiable toxin. Mercury complexation by low-molecular-weight (LMW) thiols can affect its bioavailability and thus the production of methylmercury. Freshwater biofilms were sampled in the
Justin D Besant et al.
Nature communications, 6, 6978-6978 (2015-04-23)
Diagnosis of disease outside of sophisticated laboratories urgently requires low-cost, user-friendly devices. Disposable, instrument-free testing devices are used for home and physician office testing, but are limited in applicability to a small class of highly abundant analytes. Direct, unambiguous visual
Laura Tretzel et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 407(16), 4709-4720 (2015-04-13)
Dried blood spot (DBS) sampling, a technique used for taking whole blood samples dried on a filter paper, was initially reported in 1963 by Robert Guthrie. While the diagnostic analysis of metabolic disorders in newborns was the focus of investigations
Mariola Olkowicz et al.
Talanta, 131, 510-520 (2014-10-05)
Three procedures for the quantification of cardiac troponin T (cTnT) based on liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) were developed, validated and compared. The procedures were applied to estimate the cTnT content in the hearts of wild type mice C57BL/6J (WT) and
Stancho Stanchev et al.
Journal of peptide science : an official publication of the European Peptide Society, 20(9), 725-735 (2014-06-13)
The antimicrobial 40-amino-acid-peptide lucifensin was synthesized by native chemical ligation (NCL) using N-acylbenzimidazolinone (Nbz) as a linker group. NCL is a method in which a peptide bond between two discreet peptide chains is created. This method has been applied to
M A García-Sevillano et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 842, 42-50 (2014-08-17)
In the last years, the development of new methods for analyzing accurate and precise individual metalloproteins is of increasing importance, since numerous metalloproteins are excellent biomarkers of oxidative stress and diseases. In that way, methods based on the use of
Miguel Angel García-Sevillano et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 406(24), 5853-5865 (2014-07-30)
The biochemical response of mice (Mus musculus) to acute subcutaneous inorganic-mercury exposure was assessed over a 14-day period by analyzing cytosolic extracts of the liver, the kidneys, and blood plasma. Integrated metallomic and metabolomic approaches using elemental and molecular-mass spectrometry
Huiyan Li et al.
Talanta, 146, 727-731 (2015-12-24)
We present an aptamer-based microcantilever biosensor for label-free detection of nucleolin. The sensor cantilevers in the microcantilever array were functionalized with nucleolin aptamer (AS1411) while the reference cantilevers were modified by 6-mercapto-1-hexanol (MCH) to eliminate environmental disturbances. The interaction between
Zhanpeng Zhang et al.
Advanced functional materials, 25(3), 350-360 (2015-06-13)
Injectable microspheres are attractive stem cell carriers for minimally invasive procedures. For tissue regeneration, the microspheres need to present the critical cues to properly direct stem cell differentiation. In natural extracellular matrix (ECM), growth factors (GFs) and collagen nanofibers provide
Yan Li et al.
Biosensors & bioelectronics, 67, 364-369 (2014-09-10)
The development of sensitive telomerase biosensors is hindered by the restricted accessibility of telomere strand (TS) primer and the limited enzyme reaction space, which is mainly confined by the vertical distance. In this work, we designed an electrochemical telomerase biosensor
H Robert Bergen et al.
Skeletal muscle, 5, 21-21 (2015-07-17)
Myostatin is a protein synthesized and secreted by skeletal muscle that negatively regulates muscle mass. The extent to which circulating myostatin levels change in the context of aging is controversial, largely due to methodological barriers. We developed a specific and
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