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J Kunert
Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis Facultatis Medicae, 123, 351-364 (1989-01-01)
Thirty fungal species from various taxonomic and ecologic groups were cultivated on two glucose-peptone media enriched with cystine (3 mmol/l). Nineteen species showed certain ability to utilize cystine not only as a source of sulfur but that of carbon and
Jeffrey W Allen et al.
Neurotoxicology, 23(6), 755-759 (2003-01-11)
Methylmercury (MeHg) is a highly neurotoxic, environmentally ubiquitous chemical that exerts its toxic effects by largely unknown mechanisms. Maintenance of optimal intracellular concentrations of glutathione (GSH) is vital for cellular defenses against damage from free radicals. Since astrocytes play an
Theresa K Tiefenbrunn et al.
Protein science : a publication of the Protein Society, 18(5), 970-979 (2009-04-23)
The type 1 repeat domain from thrombospondin has potent antiangiogenic activity and a structurally interesting fold, making it an attractive target for protein engineering. Chemical synthesis is an attractive approach for studying protein domains because it enables the use of
Takashi Abe et al.
Journal of neuroscience research, 70(3), 447-450 (2002-10-23)
To investigate the possible role of oxidative RNA damage in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), the concentrations of the oxidative stress marker 8-hydroxyguanosine (8-OHG) were measured in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and the serum of patients with AD and
Kaoru Onami et al.
The Journal of investigative dermatology, 134(7), 1951-1960 (2014-02-18)
Although extracellular adenosine 5'-triphosphate (eATP) has a crucial role in the sensitization phase of contact hypersensitivity (CHS), the mechanism by which hapten causes keratinocyte cell death and ATP release is unknown. We examined the time course of cell death, reactive
Luis M Laglera et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 836, 24-33 (2014-07-01)
Thiols are compounds of paramount importance in the cellular metabolism due to their double detoxifying role as radical scavengers and trace metal ligands. However, we have scarce information about their extracellular cycling as limited data are available about their concentration
Jennifer L Johnson et al.
Molecular and cellular biology, 33(15), 2950-2962 (2013-05-30)
Cystinosis is a lysosomal storage disorder caused by the accumulation of the amino acid cystine due to genetic defects in the CTNS gene, which encodes cystinosin, the lysosomal cystine transporter. Although many cellular dysfunctions have been described in cystinosis, the
Takashi Abe et al.
Neuroscience letters, 336(2), 105-108 (2002-12-25)
In order to investigate the possible role of oxidative RNA damage in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD), the concentrations of the oxidative stress marker 8-hydroxyguanosine (8-OHG) were measured in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and the serum of patients with
Hayato Maeda et al.
Marine drugs, 13(8), 4799-4813 (2015-08-08)
Fucoxanthin (Fx) is a marine carotenoid found in edible brown seaweeds. We previously reported that dietary Fx metabolite into fucoxanthinol (FxOH), attenuates the weight gain of white adipose tissue of diabetic/obese KK-Ay mice. In this study, to evaluate anti-diabetic effects
Brad R Green et al.
The FEBS journal, 281(13), 2885-2898 (2014-05-13)
Inhibitors of the α-subunit of the voltage-gated sodium channel subtype 1.3 (NaV 1.3) are of interest as pharmacological tools for the study of neuropathic pain associated with spinal cord injury and have potential therapeutic applications. The recently described μ-conotoxin BuIIIB
Anna Walter et al.
Neurobiology of aging, 25(10), 1299-1303 (2004-10-07)
Experimental and clinical studies give evidence for breakdown of membrane phospholipids during neurodegeneration. In the present study, we measured the levels of glycerophosphocholine (GPCh), phosphocholine (PCh), and choline, that is, water-soluble metabolites of phosphatidylcholine (PtdCho), in human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).
Dhananjaya Nayak et al.
Molecular cell, 50(6), 882-893 (2013-06-19)
Transcriptional pausing, which regulates transcript elongation in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, is thought to involve formation of alternative RNA polymerase conformations in which nucleotide addition is inhibited in part by restriction of trigger loop (TL) folding. The polymorphous TL must
A N Fonteh et al.
Amino acids, 32(2), 213-224 (2006-10-13)
Our aim was to determine changes in free amino acid (FAA) and dipeptide (DP) concentrations in probable Alzheimer's disease (pAD) subjects compared with control (CT) subjects using liquid chromatography and electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LCMS2). We recruited gender- and
Einat Schnur et al.
The FEBS journal, 280(9), 2068-2084 (2013-03-14)
Chemokines constitute a large family of small proteins that regulate leukocyte trafficking to the site of inflammation by binding to specific cell-surface receptors belonging to the G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) superfamily. The interactions between N-terminal (Nt-) peptides of these GPCRs and
R Selvaraju et al.
Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy, 114, 650-657 (2013-07-03)
In the present study the human urinary stones were observed in their different chemical compositions of calcium oxalate monohydrate, calcium oxalate dihydrate, calcium phosphate, struvite (magnesium ammonium phosphate), uric acid, cystine, oxammite (ammonium oxalate monohydrate), natroxalate (sodium oxalate), glushinkite (magnesium
Jan Lewerenz et al.
Antioxidants & redox signaling, 18(5), 522-555 (2012-06-07)
The antiporter system x(c)(-) imports the amino acid cystine, the oxidized form of cysteine, into cells with a 1:1 counter-transport of glutamate. It is composed of a light chain, xCT, and a heavy chain, 4F2 heavy chain (4F2hc), and, thus
Philipp Albrecht et al.
CNS & neurological disorders drug targets, 9(3), 373-382 (2010-01-08)
The glutamate/cystine antiporter system x(c)- transports cystine into cells in exchange for the important neurotransmitter glutamate at a ratio of 1:1. It is composed of a specific light chain, xCT, and a heavy chain, 4F2, linked by a disulfide bridge.
Zhong-Wei Qu et al.
PloS one, 7(12), e52788-e52788 (2013-01-04)
Our laboratory once reported that neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) S-nitrosylation was decreased in rat hippocampus during cerebral ischemia-reperfusion, but the underlying mechanism was unclear. In this study, we show that nNOS activity is dynamically regulated by S-nitrosylation. We found
Mateusz Sikora et al.
Physical review letters, 109(20), 208101-208101 (2012-12-12)
We identify three dimeric proteins whose mechanostability is anisotropic and should exceed 1 nN along some directions. They come with distinct mechanical clamps: either shear-based, or involving a cystine slipknot, or due to dragging of a cystine plug through a
Guang-Zhong Jiao et al.
PloS one, 8(3), e58018-e58018 (2013-03-08)
Although oocytes from prepubertal animals are found less competent than oocytes from adults, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Using the mouse oocyte model, this paper has tested the hypothesis that the developmental potential of prepubertal oocytes is compromised due
Richard Bridges et al.
Pharmacological reviews, 64(3), 780-802 (2012-07-05)
System x(c)(-) represents an intriguing target in attempts to understand the pathological states of the central nervous system. Also called a cystine-glutamate antiporter, system x(c)(-) typically functions by exchanging one molecule of extracellular cystine for one molecule of intracellular glutamate.
Wolfram Gronwald et al.
Kidney international, 79(11), 1244-1253 (2011-03-11)
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a frequent cause of kidney failure; however, urinary biomarkers for the disease are lacking. In a step towards identifying such markers, we used multidimensional-multinuclear nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy with support vector machine-based
Sutchin R Patel et al.
Journal of endourology, 28(4), 472-475 (2013-11-16)
Given the high recurrence rate of cystine urolithiasis, understanding of the radiographic stone characteristics is important in following cystine stone formers over their lifetime. However, due to their infrequent incidence, in vivo radiographic properties of cystine stones have not been
Maisie Lo et al.
Journal of cellular physiology, 215(3), 593-602 (2008-01-09)
The x(c) (-) cystine/glutamate antiporter is a major plasma membrane transporter for the cellular uptake of cystine in exchange for intracellular glutamate. Its main functions in the body are mediation of cellular cystine uptake for synthesis of glutathione essential for
Sofi Eriksson et al.
Nature communications, 6, 6479-6479 (2015-03-21)
Across phyla, reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) transfers intracellular reducing power to thioredoxin reductase-1 (TrxR1) and glutathione reductase (GR), thereby supporting fundamental housekeeping and antioxidant pathways. Here we show that a third, NADPH-independent pathway can bypass the need for
Fotios Tsopelas et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1396, 25-33 (2015-04-26)
The retention behavior of sixty structurally diverse drugs on two immobilized artificial membrane (IAM) columns, IAM.PC.MG and IAM.PC.DD2 types, at two pH values, 7.4 and 5.5, was established. Extrapolated to pure aqueous phase retention factors, logkw(IAM), were determined and the
Ana C Ebrecht et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1850(1), 88-96 (2014-10-16)
Giardia lamblia is a pathogen of humans and other vertebrates. The synthesis of glycogen and of structural oligo and polysaccharides critically determine the parasite's capacity for survival and pathogenicity. These characteristics establish that UDP-glucose is a relevant metabolite, as it
X-H Li et al.
Clinical radiology, 68(7), e370-e377 (2013-03-29)
To evaluate the feasibility of determining the chemical composition of urinary stones using computed tomography (CT) spectral imaging (SI) MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred and ten urinary stones were scanned in vitro using the SI mode and conventional polychromatic imaging
Pegah Saremirad et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1359, 70-75 (2014-08-06)
Chromatographic-based protein refolding techniques have proven to be superior to conventional dilution refolding methods, due to the higher loading concentration and simultaneous purification. Among these techniques, Size Exclusion Chromatography (SEC) has in particular been demonstrated as an effective method for
Gregory R Kardos et al.
Molecular cancer research : MCR, 13(10), 1408-1420 (2015-06-18)
Many processes are deregulated in melanoma cells and one of those is protein production. Although much is known about protein synthesis in cancer cells, effective ways of therapeutically targeting this process remain an understudied area of research. A process that
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