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X-N Wu et al.
Cell death and differentiation, 21(11), 1709-1720 (2014-06-07)
Necroptosis is mediated by a signaling complex called necrosome, containing receptor-interacting protein (RIP)1, RIP3, and mixed-lineage kinase domain-like (MLKL). It is known that RIP1 and RIP3 form heterodimeric filamentous scaffold in necrosomes through their RIP homotypic interaction motif (RHIM) domain-mediated
Shengda Zhou et al.
Biotechnology journal, 6(5), 513-518 (2011-02-10)
The live/dead fluorescent assay provides a quick method for assessing the proportion of live and dead cells in cell culture systems or tissues and is widely used. Dead cells are detected by the fluorescence produced when propidium iodide (PI) binds
Ting Wang et al.
Journal of gastroenterology, 49(12), 1557-1566 (2013-12-24)
We recently reported that acute liver failure plasma (ALF-P) promotes the proliferation of mouse liver oval cells (OCs) through c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activation. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism by which ALF-P induces JNK activation
Mari Iida et al.
Molecular cancer, 13, 242-242 (2014-10-26)
Cetuximab, an anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody, is used to treat several cancers. However, many patients who initially respond to cetuximab acquire resistance. To examine mechanisms of acquired resistance, we developed a series of cetuximab-resistant (Ctx(R)) clones derived from the cetuximab sensitive
Philipp A Gerber et al.
Diabetologia, 57(8), 1635-1644 (2014-05-29)
Hypoxic damage complicates islet isolation for transplantation and may contribute to beta cell failure in type 2 diabetes. Polymorphisms in the SLC30A8 gene, encoding the secretory granule zinc transporter 8 (ZnT8), influence type 2 diabetes risk, conceivably by modulating cytosolic
James F Curtin et al.
PLoS medicine, 6(1), e10-e10 (2009-01-16)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most aggressive primary brain tumor that carries a 5-y survival rate of 5%. Attempts at eliciting a clinically relevant anti-GBM immune response in brain tumor patients have met with limited success, which is due to
M Ye et al.
Cell death & disease, 5, e1541-e1541 (2014-11-28)
Transient ischemia is a leading cause of cognitive dysfunction. Postischemic ROS generation and an increase in the cytosolic Zn(2+) level ([Zn(2+)]c) are critical in delayed CA1 pyramidal neuronal death, but the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. Here we investigated
Qiong Luo et al.
Journal of ethnopharmacology, 154(1), 249-258 (2014-04-22)
Lycium barbarum, a Solanaceous defoliated shrubbery, has been used as a kind of traditional Chinese herbal medicines for thousands of years. Lycium barbarum polysaccharide (LBP) is the main bioactive component of Lycium barbarum. The aim of this study was to
Ling Wang et al.
Oncotarget, 5(22), 11479-11489 (2014-11-07)
Mastl kinase promotes mitotic progression and cell cycle reentry after DNA damage. We report here that Mastl is frequently upregulated in various types of cancer. This upregulation was correlated with cancer progression in breast and oral cancer, poor patient survival
Brian Philip et al.
Blood, 124(8), 1277-1287 (2014-06-28)
A compact marker/suicide gene that utilizes established clinical-grade reagents and pharmaceuticals would be of considerable practical utility to T-cell cancer gene therapy. Marker genes enable measurement of transduction and allow selection of transduced cells, whereas suicide genes allow selective deletion
Daisuke Yamashita et al.
Cancer research, 75(6), 1123-1133 (2015-01-30)
Glioma-initiating cells (GIC) have stem-like cell properties thought to be sufficient for recurrence, progression, and drug resistance in glioblastomas. In the present study, we defined miRNA (miR)-340 as a differentially expressed miRNA in human GICs that inhibit GIC-mediated tumorigenesis. Furthermore
Ruhui Li et al.
Molecular and cellular biochemistry, 392(1-2), 109-116 (2014-04-29)
Osteosarcoma is the most bone-associated malignancy with high lethality. The current therapeutic strategy benefits little on the survival of patients. Studies have shown that aberrant activation of Wnt/β-catenin pathway is essential for the progression of osteosarcoma, implying that targeting this
S L Khaw et al.
Leukemia, 28(6), 1207-1215 (2014-01-10)
Overexpression of the prosurvival protein Bcl-2 marks many B-lymphoid malignancies and contributes to resistance to many commonly used chemotherapeutic agents. The first effective BH3 mimetic inhibitors of Bcl-2, ABT-737 and navitoclax, also target Bcl-xL, causing dose-limiting thrombocytopenia. This prompted the
Amy M Becker et al.
Experimental hematology, 43(1), 44-52 (2014-10-14)
All-lymphoid progenitors (ALPs) yield few myeloid cells in vivo, but readily generate such cells in vitro. The basis for this difference remains unknown. We hypothesized that ALPs limit responsiveness to in vivo concentrations of myeloid-promoting cytokines by reducing expression of
Teresa F Pais et al.
Journal of neuroinflammation, 5, 43-43 (2008-10-11)
Microglia are macrophage-like cells that constantly sense the microenvironment within the central nervous system (CNS). In the event of neuronal stress or injury, microglial cells rapidly react and change their phenotype. This response may lead to a deleterious type of
Audrey J Majeske et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 193(11), 5678-5688 (2014-10-31)
Immune systems in animals rely on fast and efficient responses to a wide variety of pathogens. The Sp185/333 gene family in the purple sea urchin, Strongylocentrotus purpuratus, consists of an estimated 50 (±10) members per genome that share a basic
Youn Jee Chung et al.
International journal of oncology, 46(5), 2039-2046 (2015-03-12)
Müllerian inhibiting substance (MIS) has been shown to inhibit growth of a number of tumors in vitro and/or in vivo, but the downstream pathways which it regulates are not fully understood. In the present study we show that MIS type
Angélica Figueroa et al.
Molecular biology of the cell, 20(15), 3533-3542 (2009-06-19)
During tumor development, cells acquire multiple phenotypic changes upon misregulation of oncoproteins and tumor suppressor proteins. Hakai was originally identified as an E3 ubiquitin-ligase for the E-cadherin complex that regulates cell-cell contacts. Here, we present evidence that Hakai plays a
Vladimir N Ivanov et al.
Apoptosis : an international journal on programmed cell death, 19(12), 1736-1754 (2014-10-03)
Ionizing radiation alone or in combination with chemotherapy is the main treatment modality for brain tumors including glioblastoma. Adult neurons and astrocytes demonstrate substantial radioresistance; in contrast, human neural stem cells (NSC) are highly sensitive to radiation via induction of
Yan Wang et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 31(11), 3106-3119 (2014-05-23)
Although Cu complexes have been investigated as anticancer agents, there has been no description of Cu itself as a cancer killing agent. A stealth liposomal Cu formulation (LpCu) was studied in vitro and in vivo. LpCu was evaluated in prostate
Li-Ying Shi et al.
Cancer biotherapy & radiopharmaceuticals, 30(1), 33-40 (2014-12-18)
Virotherapy represents a promising new approach for treating cancer. Here the authors have analyzed the effect of ultraviolet-inactivated Sendai virus strain Tianjin (UV-Tianjin) on human breast cancer MCF-7 cells in vitro and in vivo. In vitro, UV-Tianjin inhibited the proliferation
Chun-Xian Du et al.
APMIS : acta pathologica, microbiologica, et immunologica Scandinavica, 122(10), 905-913 (2014-04-05)
Pleiotrophin (PTN) has been demonstrated to be strongly expressed in many fetal tissues, but seldom in healthy adult tissues. While PTN has been reported to be expressed in many types of tumors as well as at high serum concentrations in
Esther M Yoo et al.
Journal of interferon & cytokine research : the official journal of the International Society for Interferon and Cytokine Research, 35(4), 281-291 (2014-10-30)
Multiple myeloma (MM), a plasma cell malignancy, is the second most prevalent hematologic malignancy in the US. Although much effort has been made trying to understand the etiology and the complexities of this disease with the hope of developing effective
Katarzyna Brodowska et al.
Experimental eye research, 124, 67-73 (2014-05-20)
Verteporfin (VP), a benzoporphyrin derivative, is clinically used in photodynamic therapy for neovascular macular degeneration. Recent studies indicate that VP may inhibit growth of hepatoma cells without photoactivation through inhibition of YAP-TEAD complex. In this study, we examined the effects
Siyuan Ding et al.
PLoS biology, 12(1), e1001758-e1001758 (2014-01-11)
Type III interferon (IFN-λ) exhibits potent antiviral activity similar to IFN-α/β, but in contrast to the ubiquitous expression of the IFN-α/β receptor, the IFN-λ receptor is restricted to cells of epithelial origin. Despite the importance of IFN-λ in tissue-specific antiviral
N G Alkema et al.
Gynecologic oncology, 133(3), 591-598 (2014-03-25)
Platinum-based chemotherapy is the standard treatment in advanced stage high grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC), but the majority of patients will relapse with drug-resistant disease. Platinum induces double-strand DNA breaks and subsequently activation of the DNA damage response (DDR). Drugs
Ana L Alessandri et al.
PloS one, 6(9), e25683-e25683 (2011-10-11)
Eosinophils not only defend the body against parasitic infection but are also involved in pathological inflammatory allergic diseases such as asthma, allergic rhinitis and contact dermatitis. Clearance of apoptotic eosinophils by macrophages is a key process responsible for driving the
Magdalena Frank et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 194(4), 1983-1995 (2015-01-16)
Intestinal mucositis represents the most common complication of intensive chemotherapy, which has a severe adverse impact on quality of life of cancer patients. However, the precise pathophysiology remains to be clarified, and there is so far no successful therapeutic intervention.
Francesca Moret et al.
Archives of toxicology, 89(4), 607-620 (2014-06-04)
ORganically MOdified SILica (ORMOSIL) nanoparticles (NPs) appear promising carriers for the delivery of drugs to target tissues but concerns on possible cytotoxic effects exist. Here, we studied the in vitro responses to ORMOSIL NPs in different types of human lung
Lu Wang et al.
AAPS PharmSciTech, 15(4), 834-844 (2014-04-04)
Berberine hydrochloride (BH) is an isoquinolin alkaloid with promising anticancer efficacies. Nevertheless, further development and application of this compound had been hampered by its poor aqueous solubility, low gastrointestinal absorption, and rapid metabolism in the body. In this study, a
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