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Xilin Zhang et al.
Frontiers in pharmacology, 12, 629513-629513 (2021-05-04)
Psoriasis is an immune-mediated chronic inflammatory skin disease primarily mediated by the activation of interleukin (IL)-17-producing T cells. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) represents one of the most effective complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) agents for psoriasis, which provides treasured sources
Gil Friedman et al.
Nature cancer, 1(7), 692-708 (2020-07-01)
Tumors are supported by cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs). CAFs are heterogeneous and carry out distinct cancer-associated functions. Understanding the full repertoire of CAFs and their dynamic changes as tumors evolve could improve the precision of cancer treatment. Here we comprehensively analyze
Silvia Campanario et al.
Frontiers in cell and developmental biology, 8, 620409-620409 (2021-02-09)
The skeletal muscle tissue in the adult is relatively stable under normal conditions but retains a striking ability to regenerate by its resident stem cells (satellite cells). Satellite cells exist in a quiescent (G0) state; however, in response to an
Yu-Kai Chao et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 114(41), E8595-E8602 (2017-09-20)
Two-pore channels (TPCs) are endolysosomal cation channels. Two members exist in humans, TPC1 and TPC2. Functional roles associated with the ubiquitously expressed TPCs include VEGF-induced neoangiogenesis, LDL-cholesterol trafficking and degradation, physical endurance under fasting conditions, autophagy regulation, the acrosome reaction
Chao Chen et al.
Theranostics, 11(2), 754-767 (2021-01-05)
High-throughput metabolite profiling provides the opportunity to reveal metabolic mechanisms and identify biomarkers. Psoriasis is an immune-mediated chronic inflammatory disease. However, the role of metabolism in psoriasis pathogenesis remains unclear. Methods: Plasma samples of individuals (45 psoriasis and 45 sex-
João M Fernandes Neto et al.
Nature communications, 11(1), 3157-3157 (2020-06-24)
Resistance to targeted cancer drugs is thought to result from selective pressure exerted by a high drug dose. Partial inhibition of multiple components in the same oncogenic signalling pathway may add up to complete pathway inhibition, while decreasing the selective
Kyung-Mi Choi et al.
Cell reports, 37(11), 110104-110104 (2021-12-16)
Manipulation of energy-dissipating adipocytes has the potential to produce metabolic benefits. To this end, it is valuable to understand the mechanisms controlling the generation and function of thermogenic fat. Here, we identify Letm1 domain containing 1 (Letmd1) as a regulator
Ling-Yu Huang et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 21(21) (2020-11-05)
Oral carcinogenesis involves the progression of the normal mucosa into potentially malignant disorders and finally into cancer. Tumors are heterogeneous, with different clusters of cells expressing different genes and exhibiting different behaviors. 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide (4-NQO) and arecoline were used to
Tianzheng Yu et al.
The Journal of nutrition, 150(9), 2257-2267 (2020-07-22)
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase and the mitochondrial electron transport chain are the primary sources of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Previous studies have shown that severe heat exposure damages mitochondria and causes excessive mitochondrial ROS production that contributes to
Shuya Liu et al.
Frontiers in physiology, 8, 849-849 (2017-11-23)
The mouse bitter taste receptors Tas2r143, Tas2r135, and Tas2r126 are encoded by genes that cluster on chromosome 6 and have been suggested to be expressed under common regulatory elements. Previous studies indicated that the Tas2r143/Tas2r135/Tas2r126 cluster is expressed in the
Quanah J Hudson et al.
Developmental biology, 353(2), 420-431 (2011-03-01)
A subset of imprinted genes in the mouse have been reported to show imprinted expression that is restricted to the placenta, a short-lived extra-embryonic organ. Notably, these so-called "placental-specific" imprinted genes are expressed from both parental alleles in embryo and
Manolis Roulis et al.
Nature, 580(7804), 524-529 (2020-04-24)
The initiation of an intestinal tumour is a probabilistic process that depends on the competition between mutant and normal epithelial stem cells in crypts1. Intestinal stem cells are closely associated with a diverse but poorly characterized network of mesenchymal cell
Michelle A Schultz et al.
Oncotarget, 8(54), 92667-92681 (2017-12-02)
Peroxiredoxin-1 (Prdx1), a member of the thioredoxin (Txn) system, is overexpressed and correlates with poor prognosis in pancreatic cancer patients and can suppress Kras signaling through redox-mediated inhibition of ERK and AKT in lung and breast cancer. Its redox function
Xiaona Feng et al.
Frontiers in neuroscience, 15, 760403-760403 (2021-12-25)
Peripheral injection of botulinum neurotoxin A (BoNT/A) has been demonstrated to have a long-term analgesic effect in treating neuropathic pain. Around peripheral nerves, BoNT/A is taken up by primary afferent neurons and inhibits neuropeptide release. Moreover, BoNT/A could also be
Kristi McElmurry et al.
Journal of cell science, 133(8) (2020-04-26)
Previously, we have shown that bulk microtubule (MT) movement correlates with neurite elongation, and blocking either dynein activity or MT assembly inhibits both processes. However, whether the contributions of MT dynamics and dynein activity to neurite elongation are separate or
Na Li et al.
eLife, 9 (2020-11-28)
Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) treatment increases heart function and decreases heart dilation after myocardial infarction (MI). Here, we investigated whether part of the cardioprotective effect of BNP in infarcted hearts related to improved neovascularisation. Infarcted mice were treated with saline
Feng-Ming Ding et al.
Molecular medicine reports, 16(1), 778-786 (2017-06-01)
Neutrophilic airway inflammation in chronic lung infections caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) is associated with T helper (Th)17 responses. Suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) is the major negative modulator of Th17 function through the suppression of signal transducer and activator
Luisa Zupin et al.
Journal of biophotonics, 12(10), e201900043-e201900043 (2019-06-21)
Laser therapy, also known as Photobiomodulation (PBM) is indicated to reduce pain associated with different pathologies and applied using protocols that vary in wavelength, irradiance and fluence. Its mechanisms of action are still unclear and possibly able to directly impact
Wook-Joo Lee et al.
Frontiers in immunology, 12, 772941-772941 (2021-12-21)
Dry skin is a symptom of skin barrier dysfunction that evokes pruritus; however, the cutaneous neuroimmune interactions underlying dry skin-induced pruritus remain unclear. Therefore, we aimed to elucidate the mechanisms underlying dry skin-induced pruritus. To this end, an acetone/ethanol/water (AEW)-induced
Cheng-Hung Yang et al.
Journal of virology, 93(11) (2019-03-22)
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) infection is generally associated with hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD) and may cause severe neurological disorders and even death. An effective murine oral infection model for studying the pathogenesis of various clinical EV71 isolates is lacking. We developed a
Dengqiu Xu et al.
Journal of cachexia, sarcopenia and muscle, 12(1), 192-208 (2020-11-26)
Transforming growth factor-β-activated kinase 1 (TAK1) plays a key role in regulating fibroblast and myoblast proliferation and differentiation. However, the TAK1 changes associated with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) are poorly understood, and it remains unclear how TAK1 regulation could be
Antonina Khoruzhenko et al.
Endocrine connections, 10(5), 570-578 (2021-04-29)
Long-term maintenance of functional activity of thyroid cells is an essential requirement for basic in vitro studies on the physiology and pathology of the thyroid. An important prerequisite of thyrocytes' functional activity in vivo and in vitro is their follicle
Juri Kazakevych et al.
Scientific reports, 9(1), 10410-10410 (2019-07-20)
The intestinal epithelium undergoes constant regeneration driven by intestinal stem cells. How old age affects the transcriptome in this highly dynamic tissue is an important, but poorly explored question. Using transcriptomics on sorted intestinal stem cells and adult enterocytes, we
Thierry Jardé et al.
Cell stem cell, 27(4), 646-662 (2020-07-22)
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) maintains intestinal stem cell (ISC) proliferation and is a key component of organoid growth media yet is dispensable for intestinal homeostasis, suggesting roles for multiple EGF family ligands in ISC function. Here, we identified neuregulin 1
Hyun-Jun Park et al.
Experimental & molecular medicine, 52(3), 485-496 (2020-03-24)
Skeletal muscle is a major organ for glucose disposal and thermogenesis. While hepatic fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase is well known as a key enzyme for gluconeogenesis, the role of muscle fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase 2 (Fbp2) in glucose disposal and thermogenesis is unknown. Here, using Fbp2
Ayon Ibrahim et al.
Cell metabolism, 32(2), 309-319 (2020-06-11)
Most organs use fatty acids (FAs) as a key nutrient, but little is known of how blood-borne FAs traverse the endothelium to reach underlying tissues. We conducted a small-molecule screen and identified niclosamide as a suppressor of endothelial FA uptake
Jingyuan Li et al.
Nature communications, 10(1), 2375-2375 (2019-05-31)
Human antigen R (HuR) is a member of the Hu family of RNA-binding proteins and is involved in many physiological processes. Obesity, as a worldwide healthcare problem, has attracted more and more attention. To investigate the role of adipose HuR
Qiaomei Tang et al.
Acta biomaterialia, 61, 101-113 (2017-08-07)
Corneal epithelium integrity depends on continuous self-renewing of epithelium and connections between adjacent cells or between the cells and the basement membrane. Self-renewing epithelium cells mainly arise from the continuous proliferation and differentiation of the basal layer and limbal stem
Ashley L Kalinski et al.
eLife, 9 (2020-12-03)
Sciatic nerve crush injury triggers sterile inflammation within the distal nerve and axotomized dorsal root ganglia (DRGs). Granulocytes and pro-inflammatory Ly6Chigh monocytes infiltrate the nerve first and rapidly give way to Ly6Cnegative inflammation-resolving macrophages. In axotomized DRGs, few hematogenous leukocytes
Boqiang Sun et al.
Nature microbiology, 6(5), 682-696 (2021-02-10)
MicroRNA miR-138, which is highly expressed in neurons, represses herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) lytic cycle genes by targeting viral ICP0 messenger RNA, thereby promoting viral latency in mice. We found that overexpressed miR-138 also represses lytic processes independently of
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