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Luana Naia et al.
Bio-protocol, 8(8), e2823-e2823 (2018-04-20)
Primary cultures of murine striatal neurons are widely used to explore cellular mechanisms in neurobiology, including brain diseases. Here we describe a detailed and standardized protocol to dissect and culture embryonic murine striatal neurons GABA-positive/DARPP-32-positive for 12 days in vitro
A Iu Konev et al.
Tsitologiia, 55(3), 198-203 (2013-06-26)
This article presents an analysis of the causes of chromatin decompaction of interbands in Drosophila polytene chromosomes. On the example of interband 3C6/C7 of X chromosome, we investigate the ability of different DNA segments from the region to form an
Martin Grimm et al.
BMC cancer, 13, 569-569 (2013-12-07)
Biomarkers allowing the characterization of malignancy and therapy response of oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) or other types of carcinomas are still outstanding. The biochemical suicide molecule endonuclease DNaseX (DNaseI-like 1) has been used to identify the Apo10 protein epitope
Nir Bujanover et al.
Stem cell reports, 16(8), 1884-1893 (2021-07-24)
Immune cells are generated from hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in the bone marrow (BM). Immune stimulation can rapidly activate HSCs out of their quiescent state to accelerate the generation of immune cells. HSCs' activation follows various viral or bacterial stimuli
V S Chouhan et al.
Theriogenology, 84(7), 1185-1196 (2015-08-06)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the temporal (24, 48, and 72 hours) and dose-dependent (0, 5, 10, and 100 ng/mL of LH, insulin-like growth factor 1 [IGF-1], and EGF) in vitro expression and secretion patterns of vascular
Yan-Yan Wu et al.
Journal of economic entomology, 108(4), 1486-1494 (2015-10-16)
Honey bees are at an unavoidable risk of exposure to neonicotinoid pesticides, which are used worldwide. Compared with the well-studied roles of these pesticides in nontarget site (including midgut, ovary, or salivary glands), little has been reported in the target
Ela Elyada et al.
Cancer discovery, 9(8), 1102-1123 (2019-06-15)
Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAF) are major players in the progression and drug resistance of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). CAFs constitute a diverse cell population consisting of several recently described subtypes, although the extent of CAF heterogeneity has remained undefined. Here we
Weilin Liu et al.
Molecular therapy oncolytics, 17, 350-360 (2020-05-15)
Successful in situ therapeutic vaccination would allow locally delivered oncolytic virus (OV) to exert systemic immunologic effects on metastases and improve survival. We have utilized bilateral flank tumor models to determine the most efficacious regimens of in situ vaccination. Intratumoral
Myles Robert Minter et al.
Journal of neuroinflammation, 12, 71-71 (2015-04-17)
Neuro-inflammation has long been implicated as a contributor to the progression of Alzheimer's disease in both humans and animal models. Type-1 interferons (IFNs) are pleiotropic cytokines critical in mediating the innate immune pro-inflammatory response. The production of type-1 IFNs following
Xiaofei Tian et al.
Frontiers in psychiatry, 11, 815-815 (2020-09-10)
Delayed neurologic sequelae (DNS) are recurrent-transient neuropsychiatric consequences of carbon monoxide (CO) intoxication. Pathologically DNS features damages to the brain white matter. Here we test a hypothesis that direct cytotoxicity of CO to oligodendrocytes plays a role in the development
Naveen Sharma et al.
The Journal of experimental medicine, 218(7) (2021-05-12)
Immune receptors expressed on TAMs are intriguing targets for tumor immunotherapy. In this study, we found inhibitory receptor LILRB4 on a variety of intratumoral immune cell types in murine tumor models and human cancers, most prominently on TAMs. LILRB4, known
Jing Wang et al.
Journal of hazardous materials, 373, 504-518 (2019-04-05)
Previous studies have demonstrated that toxins produced by toxic cyanobacterial blooms are hazardous materials. Although microcystin-LR (MC-LR) has been revealed to inflict damage to the brain, the mechanisms underlying its neurotoxicity as a result of chronic exposure to MC-LR are
Nadine Lehmann et al.
Frontiers in immunology, 11, 1819-1819 (2020-09-26)
Papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC) is a rare entity in children with no established therapy protocols for advanced diseases. Immunotherapy is emerging as an important therapeutic tool for childhood cancer. Tumor cells can be recognized and killed by conventional and
Snehal Sonawane et al.
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 53(13), 8253-8263 (2012-11-22)
We determined whether nucleases are deficient in the tear fluid of dry eye disease (DED) patients, and whether this causes extracellular DNA (eDNA) and neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) accumulation in the precorneal tear film, thus causing ocular surface inflammation. Exfoliated
Julien Gros et al.
The EMBO journal, 33(6), 621-636 (2014-02-26)
The separation of DNA replication origin licensing and activation in the cell cycle is essential for genome stability across generations in eukaryotic cells. Pre-replicative complexes (pre-RCs) license origins by loading Mcm2-7 complexes in inactive form around DNA. During origin firing
Yougui Xiang et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 190(4), 1819-1826 (2013-01-09)
The processes of Ig gene locus contraction and looping during V(D)J-recombination are essential for creating a diverse Ab repertoire. However, no cis-acting sequence that plays a major role in specifying locus contraction has been uncovered within the Igκ gene locus.
Correlations of the expression of ?? T cells and their co-stimulatory molecules TIGIT, PD-1, ICOS and BTLA with PR and PIBF in the peripheral blood and decidual tissues of women with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion.
Liang, et al.
Clinical and Experimental Immunology, 203, 55-65 (2020)
[NETs in pathogenesis of vasculitis].
Daigo Nakazawa et al.
Nihon Jinzo Gakkai shi, 56(2), 117-123 (2014-04-16)
Ilaria Cavallari et al.
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.), 1087, 325-337 (2013-10-26)
Like other complex retroviruses such as HIV-1, HTLV-1 encodes several regulatory and auxiliary non-structural proteins from overlapping open reading frames through the generation of alternatively spliced mRNAs. HTLV-1 expression is orchestrated by the Tax and Rex regulatory proteins; Tax drives
Ariel Poliandri et al.
Molecular and cellular endocrinology, 447, 12-22 (2017-02-25)
GnRH neurons are fundamental for reproduction in all vertebrates, integrating all reproductive inputs. The inaccessibility of human GnRH-neurons has been a major impediment to studying the central control of reproduction and its disorders. Here, we report the efficient generation of
Maria V Rogacheva et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 289(9), 5664-5673 (2014-01-10)
Crossing over between homologous chromosomes is initiated in meiotic prophase in most sexually reproducing organisms by the appearance of programmed double strand breaks throughout the genome. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae the double-strand breaks are resected to form three prime single-strand tails
Marta Trüb et al.
Journal for immunotherapy of cancer, 8(2) (2020-07-04)
The costimulatory receptor 4-1BB (CD137, TNFRSF9) plays an important role in sustaining effective T cell immune responses and is investigated as target for cancer therapy. Systemic 4-1BB directed therapies elicit toxicity or low efficacy, which significantly hampered advancement of 4-1BB-based
Pierre Bost et al.
Cell, 181(7), 1475-1488 (2020-06-02)
Viruses are a constant threat to global health as highlighted by the current COVID-19 pandemic. Currently, lack of data underlying how the human host interacts with viruses, including the SARS-CoV-2 virus, limits effective therapeutic intervention. We introduce Viral-Track, a computational
Kana Ohashi et al.
Pflugers Archiv : European journal of physiology, 470(5), 705-716 (2018-03-24)
Oligodendrocytes, which differentiate from oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs), ensheath axons with myelin, play an essential role in rapid conduction of action potentials and metabolically support neurons. Elucidation of the mechanisms underlying the proliferation, migration, differentiation, and survival of OPCs is
Aline V Probst et al.
Developmental cell, 19(4), 625-638 (2010-10-19)
At the time of fertilization, the paternal genome lacks the typical configuration and marks characteristic of pericentric heterochromatin. It is thus essential to understand the dynamics of this region during early development, its importance during that time period and how
Domenico Azarnia Tehran et al.
Bio-protocol, 8(13), e2918-e2918 (2018-07-05)
Cerebellar Granule Neurons (CGN) from post-natal rodents have been widely used as a model to study neuronal development, physiology and pathology. CGN cultured in vitro maintain the same features displayed in vivo by mature cerebellar granule cells, including the development
Wooseok Seo et al.
Nature communications, 11(1), 1562-1562 (2020-03-29)
CCL5 is a unique chemokine with distinct stage and cell-type specificities for regulating inflammation, but how these specificities are achieved and how CCL5 modulates immune responses is not well understood. Here we identify two stage-specific enhancers: the proximal enhancer mediates
Ping-Yue Pan et al.
Human molecular genetics, 29(14), 2300-2312 (2020-05-02)
Synaptojanin1 (synj1) is a phosphoinositide phosphatase with dual SAC1 and 5'-phosphatase enzymatic activities in regulating phospholipid signaling. The brain-enriched isoform has been shown to participate in synaptic vesicle (SV) recycling. More recently, recessive human mutations were identified in the two
Gulcan Semra Sahin et al.
Science signaling, 14(683) (2021-05-20)
Developing hippocampal neurons undergo rapid synaptogenesis in response to neurotrophic signals to form and refine circuit connections. The adipokine leptin is a satiety factor with neurotrophic actions, which potentiates both glutamatergic and GABAergic synaptogenesis in the hippocampus during neonatal development.
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