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Christophe Varin et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(27), 9900-9911 (2015-07-15)
Sleep-active neurons located in the ventrolateral preoptic nucleus (VLPO) play a crucial role in the induction and maintenance of slow-wave sleep (SWS). However, the cellular and molecular mechanisms responsible for their activation at sleep onset remain poorly understood. Here, we
Ke Wang et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e96894-e96894 (2014-05-14)
Diabetes exacerbates abnormal vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) accumulation in response to arterial wall injury. Vinpocetine has been shown to improve vascular remolding; however, little is known about the direct effects of vinpocetine on vascular complications mediated by diabetes. The
Marilyn G Wiebe et al.
Applied microbiology and biotechnology, 99(22), 9439-9447 (2015-08-13)
An open reading frame CC1225 from the Caulobacter crescentus CB15 genome sequence belongs to the Gfo/Idh/MocA protein family and has 47 % amino acid sequence identity with the glucose-fructose oxidoreductase from Zymomonas mobilis (Zm GFOR). We expressed the ORF CC1225
Sujatha Kandasamy et al.
Brazilian journal of microbiology : [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology], 46(3), 659-666 (2015-09-29)
Ten bacterial strains that utilize cyanide (CN) as a nitrogen source were isolated from cassava factory wastewater after enrichment in a liquid media containing sodium cyanide (1 mM) and glucose (0.2% w/v). The strains could tolerate and grow in cyanide
Natasha R Ryz et al.
American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 309(9), G730-G742 (2015-09-05)
Vitamin D deficiency affects more that 1 billion people worldwide. Although thought to increase risk of bacterial infections, the importance of vitamin D on host defense against intestinal bacterial pathogens is currently unclear since injection of the active form of
V A Gault et al.
Acta diabetologica, 52(3), 461-471 (2014-11-07)
Xenin-25 is co-secreted with glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) from intestinal K-cells following a meal. Xenin-25 is believed to play a key role in glucose homoeostasis and potentiate the insulinotropic effect of GIP. This study investigated the effects of sub-chronic administration
Woong Jin Bae et al.
Journal of Korean medical science, 30(9), 1313-1320 (2015-09-05)
Diabetes is related with a number of cystopathic complications. However, there have been no studies about the influence of alcohol consumption in the bladder of type 2 diabetes. Thus, we investigated the effect of moderate alcohol intake in the bladder
Ender Gedik et al.
Experimental and clinical transplantation : official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation, 13 Suppl 1, 294-300 (2015-04-22)
The goal of this study was to compare the effects of 2 different regimens on blood glucose levels of living-donor liver transplant. The study participants were randomly allocated to the dextrose in water plus insulin infusion group (group 1, n
Johan B Fagman et al.
FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 29(4), 1540-1550 (2015-01-01)
Androgens have important cardiometabolic actions in males, but their metabolic role in females is unclear. To determine the physiologic androgen receptor (AR)-dependent actions of androgens on atherogenesis in female mice, we generated female AR-knockout (ARKO) mice on an atherosclerosis-prone apolipoprotein
Mio Okada et al.
Journal of breath research, 8(4), 046004-046004 (2014-11-02)
Transplantation of insulin (INS)-secreting cells differentiated in vitro from stem cells promises a safer and easier treatment of severe diabetes mellitus. A volatile bioactive compound, hydrogen sulfide (H2S), promotes cell differentiation; human tooth-pulp stem cells undergo hepatic differentiation. The aim
Tae-Jin Ju et al.
Journal of pharmacological sciences, 126(2), 115-125 (2014-10-25)
The present study examined whether hemin could prevent the development of high-fat diet-induced insulin resistance in the liver and skeletal muscle using a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp. A four-week high-fat feeding to mice increased the body weight, fat mass, and plasma levels
Julia Kennedy-Darling et al.
Journal of proteome research, 13(8), 3810-3825 (2014-07-08)
DNA-protein interactions play critical roles in the control of genome expression and other fundamental processes. An essential element in understanding how these systems function is to identify their molecular components. We present here a novel strategy, Hybridization Capture of Chromatin
Audrey Beaussart et al.
Nanoscale, 7(36), 14996-15004 (2015-08-27)
Many fungal pathogens produce cell surface polysaccharides that play essential roles in host-pathogen interactions. In Aspergillus fumigatus, the newly discovered polysaccharide galactosaminogalactan (GAG) mediates adherence to a variety of substrates through molecular mechanisms that are poorly understood. Here we use
P A Adhikari et al.
Journal of animal science, 93(1), 209-216 (2015-01-09)
The aim was to determine the true total tract digestibility (TTTD) and standardized total tract digestibility (STTD) of P in canola meals from Brassica napus black (BNB) and Brassica juncea yellow (BJY) fed to growing pigs. Fifty-four barrows with an
Yi-Chun Chen et al.
Diabetologia, 57(10), 2066-2075 (2014-07-06)
EGF and gastrin co-administration reverses type 1 diabetes in rodent models. However, the failure of this to translate into a clinical treatment suggests that EGF-mediated tissue repair is a complicated process and warrants further investigation. Thus, we aimed to determine
Sumihiro Koyama et al.
Marine biotechnology (New York, N.Y.), 17(5), 678-692 (2015-08-06)
The purpose of this study was to develop a novel electrical retrieval method (ER method) for living sponge-associated microorganisms from marine sponges frozen at -80 °C. A -0.3-V vs. Ag/AgCl constant potential applied for 2 h at 9 °C induced
Sarbani Mohan et al.
Molecular immunology, 62(1), 249-264 (2014-07-22)
Streptococcus pneumoniae is a Gram-positive bacterium, causing acute sinusitis, otitis media, and severe diseases such as pneumonia, bacteraemia, meningitis and sepsis. Here we identify elongation factor Tu (Tuf) as a new Factor H binding protein of S. pneumoniae. The surface
N V Batista et al.
Clinical and experimental immunology, 178(3), 416-427 (2014-08-13)
The prevalence of food allergy is rising in the western world. Allergen restriction is the chosen treatment in this condition, but continuous ingestion of the antigen has shown positive results in clinical trials. In a previous study, we have shown
Shefeeq M Theparambil et al.
Glia, 63(9), 1581-1594 (2015-03-31)
Cytosolic H(+) buffering plays a major role for shaping intracellular H(+) shifts and hence for the availability of H(+) for biochemical reactions and acid/base-coupled transport processes. H(+) buffering is one of the prime means to protect the cell from large
Charles T Putman et al.
Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism = Physiologie appliquee, nutrition et metabolisme, 40(7), 671-682 (2015-06-04)
This study tested the hypothesis that elevating the intracellular phosphorylation potential (IPP = [ATP]/[ADP]free) within rat fast-twitch tibialis anterior muscles by creatine (Cr) loading would prevent fast-to-slow fibre transitions induced by chronic low-frequency electrical stimulation (CLFS, 10 Hz, 12 h/day).
Hala Attia et al.
Pakistan journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 28(2), 499-508 (2015-03-03)
Cardiovascular complications have become a major cause of mortality for diabetic patients. Glibenclamide is an effective hypoglycemic agent, but failed to alleviate diabetic complications. This study aimed to evaluate whether the addition of zinc to glibenclamide could mitigate such complications.
Jie Zhang et al.
Phytochemistry, 108, 157-170 (2014-12-03)
The MeOH extract of defatted shea (Vitellaria paradoxa; Sapotaceae) kernels was investigated for its constituents, and fifteen oleanane-type triterpene acids and glycosides, two steroid glucosides, two pentane-2,4-diol glucosides, seven phenolic compounds, and three sugars, were isolated. The structures of five
Jason M Tonne et al.
Diabetologia, 58(2), 313-323 (2014-10-24)
Achieving a better understanding of beta cell regeneration after immunological destruction is crucial for the development of immunotherapy approaches for type 1 diabetes. In previous type 1 diabetes models, sustained immune activation eliminates regenerating beta cells, thus limiting the study
Jian Li et al.
Bioprocess and biosystems engineering, 38(9), 1795-1802 (2015-05-28)
Biochemical production processes require water and nutrient resources for culture media preparation, but aqueous waste is generated after the target products are extracted. In this study, culture waste (including cells) produced from a lab-scale fermenter was fed into a microbial
Jiho Kang et al.
Journal of periodontal & implant science, 45(3), 101-110 (2015-07-02)
Sclerostin, an inhibitor of Wnt/β-catenin signaling, exerts negative effects on bone formation and contributes to periodontitis-induced alveolar bone loss. Recent studies have demonstrated that serum sclerostin levels are increased in diabetic patients and that sclerostin expression in alveolar bone is
Rebekka Kohlmann et al.
International journal of medical microbiology : IJMM, 305(4-5), 469-479 (2015-05-09)
Rapid identification of the causative microorganism is a key element in appropriate antimicrobial therapy of bloodstream infections. Whereas traditional analysis of positive blood cultures requires subculture over at least 16-24h prior to pathogen identification by, e.g. matrix-assisted laser-desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass
Regulation of glucose homeostasis using radiogenetics and magnetogenetics in mice.
Ingo B Leibiger et al.
Nature medicine, 21(1), 14-16 (2015-01-09)
Nadya Shusharina et al.
International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics, 89(1), 137-144 (2014-04-15)
To investigate the spatial correlation between high uptake regions of 2-deoxy-2-[(18)F]-fluoro-D-glucose positron emission tomography ((18)F-FDG PET) before and after therapy in recurrent lung cancer. We enrolled 106 patients with inoperable lung cancer into a prospective study whose primary objectives were
Mahzad Akbarpour et al.
Science translational medicine, 7(289), 289ra81-289ra81 (2015-05-29)
Antigen (Ag)-specific tolerance in type 1 diabetes (T1D) in human has not been achieved yet. Targeting lentiviral vector (LV)-mediated gene expression to hepatocytes induces active tolerance toward the encoded Ag. The insulin B chain 9-23 (InsB9-23) is an immunodominant T
Prithy Rupa et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 62(39), 9479-9487 (2014-09-13)
Food allergies are attributed to an imbalance in immune response to ubiquitous antigens. A previous study demonstrated that mannose glycation (mannosylation) of ovalbumin decreased allergenicity in vivo. The proposed research targets mannosylation of various common allergens that may help prevent
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