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Rudy J Valentine et al.
Archives of biochemistry and biophysics, 562, 62-69 (2014-08-31)
Recent studies have highlighted the importance of an inhibitory phosphorylation site, Ser(485/491), on the α-subunit of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK); however, little is known about the regulation of this site in liver and skeletal muscle. We examined whether the inhibitory
Louise S Dalbøge et al.
The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics, 350(2), 353-360 (2014-06-07)
Antidiabetic treatments aiming to preserve or even to increase β-cell mass are currently gaining increased interest. Here we investigated the effect of chronic treatment with the novel glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1)-gastrin dual agonist ZP3022 (HGEGTFTSDLSKQMEEEAVRLFIEWLKN-8Ado-8Ado-YGWLDF-NH2) on glycemic control, β-cell mass and
Yulin Ren et al.
Journal of medicinal chemistry, 49(9), 2829-2837 (2006-04-28)
The rapid increase of obesity-associated diabetes has created urgent demands for more effective antidiabetic therapies and pharmaceuticals that are able to address the problems of hyperglycemia and weight gain simultaneously. Our previous studies indicated that the alpha- and beta-anomers of
David Cruz-Garcia et al.
The Journal of cell biology, 207(6), 695-703 (2014-12-17)
Upon starvation, Grh1, a peripheral membrane protein located at endoplasmic reticulum (ER) exit sites and early Golgi in Saccharomyces cerevisiae under growth conditions, relocates to a compartment called compartment for unconventional protein secretion (CUPS). Here we report that CUPS lack
Regulation of glucose homeostasis using radiogenetics and magnetogenetics in mice.
Ingo B Leibiger et al.
Nature medicine, 21(1), 14-16 (2015-01-09)
Nadya Shusharina et al.
International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics, 89(1), 137-144 (2014-04-15)
To investigate the spatial correlation between high uptake regions of 2-deoxy-2-[(18)F]-fluoro-D-glucose positron emission tomography ((18)F-FDG PET) before and after therapy in recurrent lung cancer. We enrolled 106 patients with inoperable lung cancer into a prospective study whose primary objectives were
Mark-Steven Steiner et al.
Chemical Society reviews, 40(9), 4805-4839 (2011-06-16)
This critical review covers the present state of the art in optical sensing of glucose. Following an introduction into the significance of (continuous) sensing of glucose and a brief look back, we discuss methods based on (a) monitoring the optical
Ross M Tanis et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1853(1), 213-221 (2014-12-03)
While the 3T3-L1 adipocyte model is routinely used for the study of obesity and diabetes, the mitochondrial respiratory profile in normal versus high glucose has not been examined in detail. We matured adipocytes in normal (5mM) or high (30 mM)
Tania Valencia et al.
Cancer cell, 26(1), 121-135 (2014-07-09)
The tumor microenvironment plays a critical role in cancer progression, but the precise mechanisms by which stromal cells influence the epithelium are poorly understood. Here we show that p62 levels were reduced in the stroma of several tumors and that
Peter Stein et al.
Metabolism: clinical and experimental, 63(10), 1296-1303 (2014-08-12)
Canagliflozin is a sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor approved for treating patients with type 2 diabetes. This study evaluated renal and non-renal effects of canagliflozin on postprandial plasma glucose (PG) excursion in patients with type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled with
Tomoe Kanbara et al.
Journal of pharmacological sciences, 126(3), 264-273 (2014-10-28)
Oxaliplatin is a chemotherapeutic agent that induces chronic refractory neuropathy. To determine whether opioids effectively relieve this chronic neuropathy, we investigated the efficacies of morphine, oxycodone, and fentanyl, and the mechanisms underlying opioid antinociception, in oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy in rats. Rats
Notch signaling maintains T cell memories.
Aaron M Miller et al.
Nature medicine, 21(1), 16-18 (2015-01-09)
Yuzhang Zhu et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 447(4), 707-714 (2014-04-29)
Accumulating clinical evidence suggests that hyperuricemia is strongly associated with abnormal glucose metabolism and insulin resistance. However, how high uric acid (HUA) level causes insulin resistance remains unclear. We aimed to determine the direct role of HUA in insulin resistance
Mallory L Hammock et al.
Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.), 26(35), 6138-6144 (2014-07-23)
Organic field-effect transistor (OFET) sensors can meet the need for portable and real-time diagnostics. An electronicreadout enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using OFETs for the detection of a panel of three biomarkers in complex media to create a pre-eclampsia prognostic is demonstrated
Hye Young Jung et al.
Journal of biomedical nanotechnology, 9(5), 901-906 (2013-06-28)
An enzyme stimulated deposition of prussian blue onto the gold-coated magnetic microparticles is described. We propose to synthesize the continuous outer gold layer on the magnetic particle for a gold working electrode and its superparamagnetic property. In-depth characterization of the
Richard A McKinlly et al.
Aviation, space, and environmental medicine, 84(8), 780-788 (2013-08-10)
Extreme acceleration maneuvers encountered in modern agile fighter aircraft can wreak havoc on human physiology, thereby significantly influencing cognitive task performance. As oxygen content declines under acceleration stress, the activity of high order cortical tissue reduces to ensure sufficient metabolic
Eva Herzog et al.
Anesthesiology, 122(2), 387-398 (2014-11-25)
Edoxaban is an oral, selective direct factor Xa inhibitor approved in Japan for venous thromboembolism prevention after orthopedic surgery. Data are lacking regarding reversal strategies for edoxaban; this study assessed whether four-factor prothrombin complex concentrate (Beriplex/Kcentra; CSL Behring GmbH, Marburg
Desiree DeMille et al.
IUBMB life, 65(11), 921-929 (2013-11-23)
Per-Arnt-Sim (PAS) kinase (PASK, PASKIN, and PSK) is a member of the group of nutrient sensing protein kinases. These protein kinases sense the energy or nutrient status of the cell and regulate cellular metabolism appropriately. PAS kinase responds to glucose
I L Valuev et al.
Prikladnaia biokhimiia i mikrobiologiia, 49(3), 319-321 (2013-07-26)
The thromboresistance of glucose-sensitive polymer hydrogels, modeling one of the functions of the pancreas, namely, the ability to secrete insulin in response to the introduction of glucose into the environment, has been studied. Hydrogels were synthesized by the copolymerization of
Ippei Shimizu et al.
The Journal of clinical investigation, 124(5), 2099-2112 (2014-04-10)
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is a highly vascularized organ with abundant mitochondria that produce heat through uncoupled respiration. Obesity is associated with a reduction of BAT function; however, it is unknown how obesity promotes dysfunctional BAT. Here, using a murine
Ji-Sun Hwang et al.
Metabolism: clinical and experimental, 64(3), 368-379 (2014-12-18)
This study investigated the potential of glucosamine (GlcN) to affect body weight gain and insulin sensitivity in mice normal and at risk for developing diabetes. Male C57BL/6J mice were fed either chow diet (CD) or a high fat diet (HFD)
I N Kurchenko et al.
Mikrobiolohichnyi zhurnal (Kiev, Ukraine : 1993), 75(5), 47-51 (2014-02-01)
A comparative study of growth characteristics and peculiarities of glucose utilization by Fusarium poae and Penicillium funiculosum strains isolated from different habitats was conducted. It was found that F. poae and P. funiculosum strains differ as to their growth characteristics.
L Ia Timen et al.
Eksperimental'naia i klinicheskaia gastroenterologiia = Experimental & clinical gastroenterology, (5)(5), 89-92 (2014-02-08)
Glucose and ascorbate used for endoscopic hemostasis metabolic preventive to prevent recurrent ulcer bleeding. Unacceptable joint use in endohemostasis ascorbate and hydrogen peroxide.
Hiroko Ono et al.
Journal of pharmacological sciences, 125(3), 264-273 (2014-06-27)
Although norepinephrine transporter (NET) inhibition has an additional effect on μ-opioid receptor (MOR)-mediated anti-nociception in inflammatory and neuropathic pain, its effect on cancer pain is not well characterized. We investigated the additional effect of NET inhibition on MOR activation using
Yoichi Maekawa et al.
Nature medicine, 21(1), 55-61 (2014-12-17)
CD4+ T cells differentiate into memory T cells that protect the host from subsequent infection. In contrast, autoreactive memory CD4+ T cells harm the body by persisting in the tissues. The underlying pathways controlling the maintenance of memory CD4+ T
Jinfang Zhao et al.
Wei sheng wu xue bao = Acta microbiologica Sinica, 53(4), 328-337 (2013-07-19)
In this study, we constructed a recombinant Escherichia coli strain for the production of high-purity L-lactic acid, using a homoethanol fermenting mutant E. coli SZ470 (deltafrdBC deltaldhA deltaackA deltafocA-pflB deltapdhR: :pflBp6-pflBrbs-aceEF-lpd) as the starting strain. By using homologous recombination, we
Accidental hypoglycaemia caused by an arterial flush drug error.
M Thirugnanam et al.
Anaesthesia, 69(5), 524-525 (2014-04-18)
B M Rovenko et al.
Ukrains'kyi biokhimichnyi zhurnal (1999 ), 85(5), 61-72 (2014-02-01)
The influence of 20 and 1% glucose and fructose, which were components of larval diet, on the level of oxidized proteins and lipids, low molecular mass antioxidant content as well as activities of antioxidant and associated enzymes in adult fruit
Fozia Shaheen et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1842(9), 1762-1769 (2014-06-28)
Telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) is a key component of the telomerase complex. By lengthening telomeres in DNA strands, TERT increases senescent cell lifespan. Mice that lack TERT age much faster and exhibit age-related conditions such as osteoporosis, diabetes and neurodegeneration.
Michael J Van Kanegan et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 34(3), 963-968 (2014-01-17)
We have previously shown that the botanical drug candidate PBI-05204, a supercritical CO2 extract of Nerium oleander, provides neuroprotection in both in vitro and in vivo brain slice-based models for focal ischemia (Dunn et al., 2011). Intriguingly, plasma levels of
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