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Amanda Alba et al.
Journal of midwifery & women's health, 57(5), 509-514 (2012-08-23)
Antepartum lead screening typically involves identification of current environmental or occupational risk and pica habits. However, for foreign-born women who have immigrated to the United States, distant exposure years prior may be a more significant factor contributing to elevated lead
Michelle L Rogers et al.
American journal of public health, 104(8), e119-e124 (2014-06-13)
We examined the effects of changes in Rhode Island's Lead Hazard Mitigation Law in 2005 on children's blood lead levels. We used 2005 to 2009 data from Rhode Island's Lead Elimination Surveillance System; city tax assessor records in Central Falls
Eric E Beier et al.
Journal of orthopaedic research : official publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 32(11), 1397-1405 (2014-07-22)
There is strong evidence in the clinical literature to suggest that elevated lead (Pb) exposure impairs fracture healing. Since Pb has been demonstrated to inhibit bone formation, and Wnt signaling is an important anabolic pathway in chondrocyte maturation and endochondral
Michael H Stevens et al.
The Laryngoscope, 123(11), 2854-2858 (2013-05-21)
To reexamine the cause of Beethoven's hearing loss because of significant recent articles. Medical and musical literature online, in print, and personal communication. Relevant literature review. Evidence of otosclerosis is lacking because close gross examination of Beethoven's middle ears at
Qinglin Chen et al.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 102, 93-99 (2014-03-04)
The experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of single and combined pollution from different concentrations of atrazine (field rate, FR, 2.0 mg kg(-1) and 5 times FR, 10 mg kg(-1)) and lead (Pb) (300 mg kg(-1) and 600 mg
D K Gupta et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 20(4), 2150-2161 (2013-01-23)
Lead (Pb) is naturally occurring element whose distribution in the environment occurs because of its extensive use in paints, petrol, explosives, sludge, and industrial wastes. In plants, Pb uptake and translocation occurs, causing toxic effects resulting in decrease of biomass
Catherine Beaucham et al.
MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report, 63(16), 347-351 (2014-04-25)
Indoor firing ranges are a source of lead exposure and elevated blood lead levels (BLLs) among employees, their families, and customers, despite public health outreach efforts and comprehensive guidelines for controlling occupational lead exposure. There are approximately 16,000-18,000 indoor firing
María D Esteban-Vasallo et al.
Environmental health perspectives, 120(10), 1369-1377 (2012-05-18)
Placental tissue may furnish information on the exposure of both mother and fetus. Mercury (Hg), cadmium (Cd), and lead (Pb) are toxicants of interest in pregnancy because they are associated with alterations in child development. The aim of this study
Ana Carolina Bertin de Almeida Lopes et al.
Journal of toxicology and environmental health. Part A, 78(2), 92-108 (2014-11-27)
In Brazil there is no systematic evaluation to access blood lead levels (BLL) in the general population and few studies with adults have been published. The aim of this study was to examine the socioeconomic, environmental, and lifestyle determinants of
Muhammad Bilal Shakoor et al.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 109, 38-47 (2014-08-29)
Phytoextraction is an environmentally friendly and a cost-effective strategy for remediation of heavy metal contaminated soils. However, lower bioavailability of some of the metals in polluted environments e.g. lead (Pb) is a major constraint of phytoextraction process that could be
Mohammad Nemati Varnosfaderany et al.
Marine pollution bulletin, 87(1-2), 152-163 (2014-08-19)
In this study, 75 samples of two (210)Pb-dated cores from the southwest of the Caspian Sea were analysed for 30 compounds of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The TPAH29 flux of the last six centuries ranged from 16.3 to 177.3 and
Sergio Righi et al.
Journal of applied clinical medical physics, 14(1), 3678-3678 (2013-01-16)
The Novac7 and Liac are linear accelerators (linacs) dedicated to intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT), which produce high energy, very high dose-per-pulse electron beams. The characteristics of the accelerators heads of the Novac7 and Liac are different compared to conventional electron
Srinivasan Malar et al.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 108, 249-257 (2014-08-12)
The present study was aimed at evaluating phytotoxicity of various concentrations of lead nitrate (0, 100, 200, 400, 600, 800 and 1000mgL(-1)) in Sesbania grandiflora. The seedling growth was significantly affected (46%) at 1000mgL(-1) lead (Pb) treatment. Accumulation of Pb
Evert Nieboer et al.
Environmental science. Processes & impacts, 15(10), 1824-1829 (2013-08-24)
Lead as a toxic environmental metal has been an issue of concern for 30-40 years. Even though the exposures experienced by the general public have been significantly reduced, so have the acceptable blood lead concentrations assessed to safeguard health (specifically
E Samei et al.
Medical physics, 25(1), 102-113 (1998-02-24)
The modulation transfer function (MTF) of radiographic systems is frequently evaluated by measuring the system's line spread function (LSF) using narrow slits. The slit method requires precise fabrication and alignment of a slit and high radiation exposure. An alternative method
Using lead foil as a radiopaque marker for computerized tomography imaging when implant treatment planning.
J Urquiola et al.
The Journal of prosthetic dentistry, 77(2), 227-228 (1997-02-01)
Zuzana Derflerová Brázdová et al.
Central European journal of public health, 22(4), 273-276 (2015-01-28)
Heavy metals with their potential haematotoxic effect can contribute to the risks of anaemia in children in the Central Asian Republics (CAR), where burden and exposure to these metals is still not sufficiently known and reported. Cross-sectional study was performed
Donald Smith et al.
Journal of medical toxicology : official journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology, 9(4), 326-338 (2013-10-12)
This presentation summarizes several of the rodent and non-human studies that we have conducted to help inform the efficacy and clinical utility of succimer (meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccincinic acid) chelation treatment. We address the following questions: (1) What is the extent of body
Pimluck Kijjanapanich et al.
Environmental technology, 35(13-16), 1989-1996 (2014-06-25)
Construction and demolition debris (CDD) is a product of construction, renovation or demolition activities. It has a high gypsum content (52.4% of total gypsum), concentrated in the CDD sand (CDDS) fraction. To comply with the posed limit of the maximum
M Bourgeois et al.
Health physics, 62(6), 546-552 (1992-06-01)
A significant amount of radiation escapes the rear of an image receptor in conventional dental radiographic procedures despite the placement of a lead-containing backing at the rear of the film pack. The purpose of this investigation was to place additional
K Araki et al.
Dento maxillo facial radiology, 22(4), 179-182 (1993-11-01)
The role of lead foil in protecting film from image degradation due to back-scattered radiation was studied. The effects of low-scattering (polystyrene foam) and tissue-equivalent (Lucite) materials on relative speed and modulation transfer factor (MTF) of the front and back
Reply: Cognitive declines after deep brain stimulation are likely to be attributable to more than caudate penetration and lead location.
Karsten Witt et al.
Brain : a journal of neurology, 137(Pt 5), e275-e275 (2014-02-20)
Motoaki Kato et al.
Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai zasshi, 61(8), 1158-1169 (2005-09-01)
In projection radiography, stationary grids are indispensable accessories to the improvement of diagnostic imaging. On the other hand, they are becoming one of the issues facing digital image processing. The lead foil that composes the grid can produce moiré on
Jaehong Shim et al.
Environmental technology, 35(17-20), 2589-2596 (2014-08-26)
A bacterial strain (JH 70-4) exhibiting plant growth promoting characteristics (indoleacetic acid production and 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate deaminase activity), as well as heavy metal(loid) (HM) tolerance and Pb precipitation, was isolated from HM-contaminated soil at an abandoned mine site. The bacterium was
Ami R Zota et al.
American journal of epidemiology, 181(2), 127-136 (2014-12-17)
Cadmium and lead are ubiquitous environmental contaminants that might increase risks of cardiovascular disease and other aging-related diseases, but their relationships with leukocyte telomere length (LTL), a marker of cellular aging, are poorly understood. In experimental studies, they have been
Larissa Check et al.
Reviews on environmental health, 28(2-3), 85-96 (2013-11-07)
Persistent, bioaccumulative, and toxic (PBT) chemicals are a class of chemicals that resist degradation and persist in the environment for extensive periods. As a result of their persistence, when these chemicals are consumed, they bioaccumulate in the fat tissues, bones
Chamani P M Marasinghe Wadige et al.
Aquatic toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 149, 83-93 (2014-03-01)
Lead entering aquatic ecosystems adsorbs to sediments and has the potential to cause adverse effects on the health of benthic organisms. To evaluate the freshwater bivalve Hyridella australis as a bioindicator for sediment toxicity, their exposure-dose and response to lead
D McDonnell et al.
Journal of anatomy, 184 ( Pt 2), 363-369 (1994-04-01)
The lingual foramen in the midline of the mandible causes confusion in terminology, incidence of occurrence and contents. A survey of 314 dried mandibles showed the foramen to be present in 311 specimens (99.04%). Sectioning of cadaver specimens illustrated a
Louise J Kristensen et al.
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 190, 159-165 (2014-04-26)
This study identifies natural and industrial lead remobilized in ash deposits from three bushfires in relatively pristine areas of Australia in 2011 using lead isotopic compositions ((208)Pb/(207)Pb; (206)Pb/(207)Pb). Lead concentrations in the ash ranged from 1 to 36 mg/kg, bracketing the
Biran Zhu et al.
Aquatic toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 157, 186-195 (2014-12-03)
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and metals are the main contaminants at waste electrical and electronic equipment ("e-waste") recycling sites. However, the potential environmental health effects of mixtures of PBDEs and metals are not known. We investigated co-exposure of lead (Pb)
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