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R K Sahoo et al.
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 14(6), 4595-4601 (2014-04-18)
The dewetting of a low melting point metal thin film deposited on silicon substrates was studied. The experimental results suggest that the change in the growth temperature affects the nanostructures that form. Based on the experimental results, the temperature which
Dean G Johnson et al.
Advances in chronic kidney disease, 20(6), 508-515 (2013-11-12)
The development of wearable or implantable technologies that replace center-based hemodialysis (HD) hold promise to improve outcomes and quality of life for patients with ESRD. A prerequisite for these technologies is the development of highly efficient membranes that can achieve
V N Marty et al.
Radiation research, 182(6), 653-665 (2014-11-18)
The evaluation of potential health risks associated with neuronal exposure to space radiation is critical for future long duration space travel. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the effects of low-dose proton and high-energy charged particle
Emil Rudobeck et al.
Radiation research, 181(4), 407-415 (2014-03-15)
An unavoidable complication of space travel is exposure to radiation consisting of high-energy charged particles (HZE), such as Fe and Si nuclei. HZE radiation can affect neuronal functions at the level of the synapse or neuronal soma without inducing significant
Nathan Marchack et al.
Annual review of chemical and biomolecular engineering, 3, 235-262 (2012-06-14)
The invention of the transistor followed by more than 60 years of aggressive device scaling and process integration has enabled the global information web and subsequently transformed how people communicate and interact. The principles and practices built upon chemical processing
Guo-Jun Zhang et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 749, 1-15 (2012-10-06)
Over the past decade, silicon nanowire (SiNW) biosensors have been studied for the detection of biological molecules as highly sensitive, label-free, and electrical tools. Herein we present a comprehensive review about the fabrication of SiNW biosensors and their applications in
Karyn L Jarvis et al.
Advances in colloid and interface science, 175, 25-38 (2012-04-24)
Porous silicon (pSi) has a number of unique properties that appoint it as a potential drug delivery vehicle; high loading capacity, controllable surface chemistry and structure, and controlled release properties. The native Si(y)SiH(x) terminated pSi surface is highly reactive and
A Vanhoestenberghe et al.
Journal of neural engineering, 10(3), 031002-031002 (2013-05-21)
Corrosion is a prime concern for active implantable devices. In this paper we review the principles underlying the concepts of hermetic packages and encapsulation, used to protect implanted electronics, some of which remain widely overlooked. We discuss how technological advances
Keith R Martin
Metal ions in life sciences, 13, 451-473 (2014-01-29)
Silicon is the second most abundant element in nature behind oxygen. As a metalloid, silicon has been used in many industrial applications including use as an additive in the food and beverage industry. As a result, humans come into contact
Yang Gao et al.
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 14(6), 4469-4474 (2014-04-18)
We have developed a novel method to fabricate micro/nano structure based on the coherent diffraction lithography, and acquired periodic silicon tubular gratings with deep nano-scale tapered profiles at the top part. The optical properties of these tubular gratings were similar
Anton A Toutov et al.
Nature, 518(7537), 80-84 (2015-02-06)
Heteroaromatic compounds containing carbon-silicon (C-Si) bonds are of great interest in the fields of organic electronics and photonics, drug discovery, nuclear medicine and complex molecule synthesis, because these compounds have very useful physicochemical properties. Many of the methods now used
Yanli Wang et al.
Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.), 25(37), 5177-5195 (2013-07-06)
Semiconducting silicon nanowires (SiNWs) represent one of the most interesting research directions in nanoscience and nanotechnology, with capabilities of realizing structural and functional complexity through rational design and synthesis. The exquisite control of chemical composition, structure, morphology, doping, and assembly
David Gaddes et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1349, 96-104 (2014-05-29)
This work focuses on the development and experimental evaluation of micromachined chromatographic columns for use in a commercial gas chromatography (GC) system. A vespel/graphite ferrule based compression sealing technique is presented using which leak-proof fluidic interconnection between the inlet tubing
Matthew T McDowell et al.
Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.), 25(36), 4966-4985 (2013-09-17)
Alloying anodes such as silicon are promising electrode materials for next-generation high energy density lithium-ion batteries because of their ability to reversibly incorporate a high concentration of Li atoms. However, alloying anodes usually exhibit a short cycle life due to
Priyatha Premnath et al.
Journal of biomedical nanotechnology, 10(6), 1061-1067 (2014-04-23)
Hybrid biomaterials are a combination of two or more different materials that work synergistically to produce superior properties. Nano structuring of such hybrid materials has also posed complications. In this study, we present, for the first time a nanofibrous hybrid
David J Savage et al.
Current opinion in pharmacology, 13(5), 834-841 (2013-07-13)
Biomedical applications of porous silicon include drug delivery, imaging, diagnostics and immunotherapy. This review summarizes new silicon particle fabrication techniques, dynamics of cellular transport, advances in the multistage vector approach to drug delivery, and the use of porous silicon as
Bomin Cho et al.
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 14(7), 4832-4836 (2014-04-25)
Asymmetric porous silicon multilayer (APSM)-based optical biosensor was developed to specify human Immunoglobin G (Ig G). APSM chip was generated by an electrochemical etching of silicon wafer using an asymmetric electrode configuration in aqueous ethanolic HF solution and constituted with
Dominique Collard
Frontiers in bioscience (Elite edition), 5, 955-965 (2013-06-12)
In modern life, technologies enabling detection of biological molecules at a low threshold, for health and ecological concerns, are in high demand. Directly interrogating the molecules is a promising direction to clarify the noisy response of conventional assays arising from
A H Reshak et al.
Progress in biophysics and molecular biology, 113(2), 327-332 (2013-10-22)
The potential of solar cells have not been fully tapped due to the lack of energy conversion efficiency. There are three important mechanisms in producing high efficiency cells to harvest solar energy; reduction of light reflectance, enhancement of light trapping
Jacob Raber et al.
Radiation research, 181(4), 362-368 (2014-03-29)
The space radiation environment consists of multiple species of high-energy charge particles (HZE), including (56)Fe and (28)Si nuclei, that may impact neuronal cells, but their damaging effects on the central nervous system (CNS) have been poorly defined. Hippocampus-dependent memory functions
Daniel Fine et al.
Advanced healthcare materials, 2(5), 632-666 (2013-04-16)
This manuscript constitutes a review of several innovative biomedical technologies fabricated using the precision and accuracy of silicon micro- and nanofabrication. The technologies to be reviewed are subcutaneous nanochannel drug delivery implants for the continuous tunable zero-order release of therapeutics
Timothy J Barnes et al.
Therapeutic delivery, 4(7), 811-823 (2013-07-26)
Porous silicon (pSi) is a nanostructured carrier system that has received considerable attention over the past 10 years, for use in a wide variety of biomedical applications, including biosensing, biomedical imaging, tissue scaffolds and drug delivery. This interest is due
Taiuk Rim et al.
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 14(1), 273-287 (2014-04-16)
The interest in biologically sensitive field effect transistors (BioFETs) is growing explosively due to their potential as biosensors in biomedical, environmental monitoring and security applications. Recently, adoption of silicon nanowires in BioFETs has enabled enhancement of sensitivity, device miniaturization, decreasing
Eyal Karzbrun et al.
Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6198), 829-832 (2014-08-16)
The assembly of artificial cells capable of executing synthetic DNA programs has been an important goal for basic research and biotechnology. We assembled two-dimensional DNA compartments fabricated in silicon as artificial cells capable of metabolism, programmable protein synthesis, and communication.
Atteq ur Rehman et al.
TheScientificWorldJournal, 2013, 470347-470347 (2014-01-25)
The p-type crystalline silicon wafers have occupied most of the solar cell market today. However, modules made with n-type crystalline silicon wafers are actually the most efficient modules up to date. This is because the material properties offered by n-type
Jonas Van Bockhaven et al.
Journal of experimental botany, 64(5), 1281-1293 (2012-12-21)
Plants are constantly threatened by a wide array of microbial pathogens. Pathogen invasion can lead to vast yield losses and the demand for sustainable plant-protection strategies has never been greater. Chemical plant activators and selected strains of rhizobacteria can increase
María-José Bañuls et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 777, 1-16 (2013-04-30)
Increasing interest has been paid to label-free biosensors in recent years. Among them, refractive index (RI) optical biosensors enable high density and the chip-scale integration of optical components. This makes them more appealing to help develop lab-on-a-chip devices. Today, many
Stuart Lindsay
Journal of physics. Condensed matter : an Institute of Physics journal, 24(16), 164201-164201 (2012-04-03)
Two recent developments portend a new era for silicon electronics in biomedical applications. Firstly, highly specific chemical recognition and massively parallel sample preparation techniques are being combined with VLSI to make new kinds of analytical chips. Secondly, critical dimensions are
Hatef Sadeghi
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 14(6), 4178-4184 (2014-04-18)
The analytical electrical transport model of the Silicene, a single layer of sp3 bonded silicon atoms in the honeycomb lattice structure as a channel in the field effect transistor configuration is presented in this paper. Although the carrier concentration of
Blanche Collin et al.
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 187, 22-30 (2014-01-15)
We examined copper (Cu) absorption, distribution and toxicity and the role of a silicon (Si) supplementation in the bamboo Phyllostachys fastuosa. Bamboos were maintained in hydroponics for 4 months and submitted to two different Cu (1.5 and 100 μm Cu(2+)) and
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