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Georges Chreifi et al.
Biochemistry, 53(25), 4216-4223 (2014-05-14)
The nitric oxide synthase (NOS) dimer is stabilized by a Zn(2+) ion coordinated to four symmetry-related Cys residues exactly along the dimer 2-fold axis. Each of the two essential tetrahydrobiopterin (H4B) molecules in the dimer interacts directly with the heme...
Sonia Melino et al.
The FEBS journal, 281(3), 657-672 (2013-11-14)
Natural antimicrobial peptides represent a primordial mechanism of immunity in both vertebrate and nonvertebrate organisms. Among them, histatins belong to a family of human salivary metal-binding peptides displaying potent antibacterial, antifungal and wound-healing activities. These properties, along with the ability...
Metals: setting a trap for copper.
Valeria Culotta
Nature chemical biology, 10(12), 986-987 (2014-10-27)
Rebecca G Mitchell et al.
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 187, 162-169 (2014-02-08)
Urban gardens provide affordable fresh produce to communities with limited access to healthy food but may also increase exposure to lead (Pb) and other soil contaminants. Metals analysis of 564 soil samples from 54 New York City (NYC) community gardens...
Johan Hattne et al.
Nature methods, 11(5), 545-548 (2014-03-19)
X-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) sources enable the use of crystallography to solve three-dimensional macromolecular structures under native conditions and without radiation damage. Results to date, however, have been limited by the challenge of deriving accurate Bragg intensities from a heterogeneous...
Kohei Takeshita et al.
Nature structural & molecular biology, 21(4), 352-357 (2014-03-04)
The voltage-gated proton channel Hv1 (or VSOP) has a voltage-sensor domain (VSD) with dual roles of voltage sensing and proton permeation. Its gating is sensitive to pH and Zn(2+). Here we present a crystal structure of mouse Hv1 in the...
Zhengquan Li et al.
Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany), 10(22), 5823-5828 (2004-10-09)
A solution surface-erosion route was successfully employed to produce one-dimensional (1D) ZnO nanostructures. ZnO nanorod arrays and three-dimensional urchin-like assemblies could be selectively obtained with different manipulations. In this process, zinc foil was introduced to an organic solution system and...
Zinc and copper toxicity in host defense against pathogens: Mycobacterium tuberculosis as a model example of an emerging paradigm.
Olivier Neyrolles et al.
Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology, 3, 89-89 (2013-12-19)
Charley C Staats et al.
Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology, 3, 65-65 (2013-10-18)
Zinc is a ubiquitous metal in all life forms, as it is a structural component of the almost 10% of eukaryotic proteins, which are called zinc-binding proteins. In zinc-limiting conditions such as those found during infection, pathogenic fungi activate the...
Laura M Lamberti et al.
Nutrients, 5(11), 4715-4740 (2013-11-29)
Evidence supporting the impact of therapeutic zinc supplementation on the duration and severity of diarrhea among children under five is largely derived from studies conducted in South Asia. China experiences a substantial portion of the global burden of diarrhea, but...
Yongmei Zhao et al.
Stroke, 45(4), 1139-1147 (2014-03-20)
Zinc has been reported to possess both neurotoxic and neuroprotective capabilities. The effects of elevated intracellular zinc accumulation following transient focal cerebral ischemia remain to be fully elucidated. Here, we investigated whether removing zinc with the membrane-permeable zinc chelator, N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine...
Ida Beathe Overjordet et al.
The Science of the total environment, 502, 548-556 (2014-10-10)
Seasonal fluctuations in mercury (Hg), cadmium (Cd), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu) and selenium (Se) concentrations were studied in black-legged kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla) from Kongsfjorden, Svalbard (79°57'N, 12°12'E). Element concentrations were determined in muscle and liver tissue in kittiwakes collected in...
Woon Ju Song et al.
Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6216), 1525-1528 (2014-12-20)
The generation of new enzymatic activities has mainly relied on repurposing the interiors of preexisting protein folds because of the challenge in designing functional, three-dimensional protein structures from first principles. Here we report an artificial metallo-β-lactamase, constructed via the self-assembly...
Priscilla K Walker et al.
Health physics, 106(4), 523-527 (2014-02-25)
Beam shaping in scattered and uniform scanned proton beam therapy (PBT) is made commonly by brass apertures. Due to proton interactions, these devices become radioactive and could pose safety issues and radiation hazards. Nearly 2,000 patient-specific devices per year are...
Marcella C Galvão et al.
Life sciences, 120, 54-60 (2014-12-03)
Previous investigations by our group have shown that prenatal treatment with lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 100 μg/kg, intraperitoneally) on gestation day (GD) 9.5 in rats, which mimics infections by Gram-negative bacteria, induces short- and long-term behavioral and neuroimmune changes in the offspring....
Xiang Sheng et al.
Biochemistry, 53(27), 4455-4466 (2014-06-26)
Pyruvate carboxylase (PC) catalyzes the carboxylation of pyruvate to produce oxaloacetate. Its activity is directly related to insulin release and thus PC has recently attracted great interest as a potential target for diabetes treatment. In this article, the catalytic mechanism...
Beatriz Garrido-Rodriguez et al.
Chemosphere, 107, 379-385 (2014-01-29)
Batch type and column experiments were used to study competitive adsorption-desorption and transport for Cd, Cu, Ni and Zn in a mine soil, both un-amended and amended with mussel shell. Batch type experiments showed that adsorption was affected by the...
Brittany L Mortensen et al.
Journal of bacteriology, 196(14), 2616-2626 (2014-05-13)
Acinetobacter baumannii is a leading cause of ventilator-associated pneumonia in intensive care units, and the increasing rates of antibiotic resistance make treating these infections challenging. Consequently, there is an urgent need to develop new antimicrobials to treat A. baumannii infections....
Manuela Mellone et al.
Journal of neurochemistry, 132(2), 159-168 (2014-10-17)
Zinc (Zn(2+) ) is believed to play a relevant role in the physiology and pathophysiology of the brain. Hence, Zn(2+) homeostasis is critical and involves different classes of molecules, including Zn(2+) transporters. The ubiquitous Zn(2+) transporter-1 (ZNT-1) is a transmembrane...
Jun-Hui Choi et al.
Journal of bioscience and bioengineering, 118(4), 372-377 (2014-04-22)
A thrombolytic protease named kitamase possessing anticoagulant property was purified from edible and medicinal plant Aster yomena (Kitam.) Honda. Kitamase showed a molecular weight of 50 kDa by SDS-PAGE and displayed a strong fibrin zymogram lysis band corresponding to the similar...
Yang Liu et al.
Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany), 13(23), 6667-6673 (2007-05-31)
Well-aligned zinc oxide microrod and microtube arrays with high aspect ratios were fabricated on zinc foil by a simple solution-phase approach in an aqueous solution of ethylenediamine (en). The shape of the ZnO microstructures can be easily modulated from rods...
Nicola M Lowe et al.
Critical reviews in food science and nutrition, 53(10), 1110-1123 (2013-08-21)
Zinc was selected as a priority micronutrient for EURRECA, because there is significant heterogeneity in the Dietary Reference Values (DRVs) across Europe. In addition, the prevalence of inadequate zinc intakes was thought to be high among all population groups worldwide...
Xuan-Yu Min et al.
International journal of radiation biology, 90(10), 909-913 (2014-05-16)
To develop a new biological dosimeter based on serum zinc concentration. Male mice (8 weeks old) were exposed to different doses (0, 1.0, 2.0, 4.0, or 8.0 Gy) of gamma rays from a (60)Co source. Blood was then collected from...
A Di Veroli et al.
Chemosphere, 112, 9-17 (2014-07-23)
Mouthpart deformities of Chironomus riparius larvae (Diptera) have been investigated to evaluate the toxic effects of contamination by heavy metals in the Genna Stream (Central Italy), situated in an area subjected to intensive swine farms (40000 heads). The livestock farming...
Wolfgang Maret
Metal ions in life sciences, 13, 389-414 (2014-01-29)
The vast knowledge of the physiologic functions of zinc in at least 3000 proteins and the recent recognition of fundamental regulatory functions of zinc(II) ions released from cells or within cells links this nutritionally essential metal ion to numerous diseases....
Helena Stecka et al.
Environmental monitoring and assessment, 186(10), 6145-6155 (2014-05-30)
A simple and fast solid phase extraction procedure was developed to pre-concentrate traces of Cu and Zn prior to their determination in honey samples by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. The sample preparation included dissolution of honey samples and the passage...
Misu Sanson et al.
Nucleic acids research, 43(1), 418-432 (2014-12-17)
Altering zinc bioavailability to bacterial pathogens is a key component of host innate immunity. Thus, the ability to sense and adapt to the alterations in zinc concentrations is critical for bacterial survival and pathogenesis. To understand the adaptive responses of...
Ronny Lehneck et al.
The FEBS journal, 281(7), 1759-1772 (2014-02-11)
Carbonic anhydrases (CAs) are metalloenzymes catalyzing the reversible hydration of carbon dioxide to bicarbonate (hydrogen carbonate) and protons. CAs have been identified in archaea, bacteria and eukaryotes and can be classified into five groups (α, β, γ, δ, ζ) that...
Huibo Chen et al.
Nanoscale research letters, 5(3), 570-575 (2009-01-01)
We reported the optical and wettability properties of aligned zinc oxide micro/nanotube arrays, which were synthesized on zinc foil via a simple hydrothermal method. As-synthesized ZnO micro/nanotubes have uniform growth directions along the [0001] orientations with diameters in the range...
Liangzhong Lim et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1848(1 Pt A), 1-7 (2014-10-14)
Mutations in superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) cause familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS), while wild-type SOD1 has been implicated in sporadic ALS (SALS). SOD1 mutants are now recognized to acquire one or more toxicities that include their association with mitochondrial and...
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