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Reference method for measurement of the hepatic iron concentration.
Gary M Brittenham
American journal of hematology, 90(2), 85-86 (2014-12-10)
Thomas A Russo et al.
Infection and immunity, 82(6), 2356-2367 (2014-03-26)
Hypervirulent (hypermucoviscous) Klebsiella pneumoniae (hvKP) strains are an emerging variant of "classical" K. pneumoniae (cKP) that cause organ and life-threatening infection in healthy individuals. An understanding of hvKP-specific virulence mechanisms that enabled evolution from cKP is limited. Observations by our...
Ellinor I B Peerschke et al.
American journal of clinical pathology, 142(4), 506-512 (2014-09-23)
Evaluation of anemia, particularly iron deficiency, in patients with cancer is difficult. This study examined using the hemoglobin content of reticulocytes (RET-He) to rule out iron deficiency, as defined by serum iron studies (transferrin saturation <20%, serum iron <40 μg/dL...
Zille Rubab et al.
Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation : an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia, 26(1), 19-25 (2015-01-13)
Patients on hemodialysis (HD) are usually anemic because of defective erythropoeisis. Hepcidin is a polypeptide that regulates iron homeostasis and could serve as an indicator of functional iron deficiency in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD); this may also aid...
Mak A Saito et al.
Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6201), 1173-1177 (2014-09-06)
Marine primary productivity is strongly influenced by the scarcity of required nutrients, yet our understanding of these nutrient limitations is informed by experimental observations with sparse geographical coverage and methodological limitations. We developed a quantitative proteomic method to directly assess...
Yatrik M Shah et al.
Gastroenterology, 146(3), 630-642 (2014-01-07)
Iron is required for efficient oxygen transport, and hypoxia signaling links erythropoiesis with iron homeostasis. Hypoxia induces a highly conserved signaling pathway in cells under conditions of low levels of O2. One component of this pathway, hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF), is...
S J Geetha et al.
TheScientificWorldJournal, 2013, 315890-315890 (2013-12-10)
Under field conditions, inoculated rhizobial strains are at a survival disadvantage as compared to indigenous strains. In order to out-compete native rhizobia it is not only important to develop strong nodulation efficiency but also increase their competence in the soil...
Sohail Amjad et al.
Pakistan journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 27(3), 445-452 (2014-05-09)
In Pakistan, a funded flour fortification program was launched for malnourished population, residing mainly in rural low income areas, but the urban population having comparatively better nutritional as well as economic status was focused wherein excessive intake of fortificants might...
Robert C Hider et al.
Metal ions in life sciences, 13, 229-294 (2014-01-29)
Iron is a redox active metal which is abundant in the Earth's crust. It has played a key role in the evolution of living systems and as such is an essential element in a wide range of biological phenomena, being...
Cecilia M Casadei et al.
Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6193), 193-197 (2014-07-12)
Heme enzymes activate oxygen through formation of transient iron-oxo (ferryl) intermediates of the heme iron. A long-standing question has been the nature of the iron-oxygen bond and, in particular, the protonation state. We present neutron structures of the ferric derivative...
Janneke Balk et al.
Annual review of plant biology, 65, 125-153 (2014-02-07)
Iron is an essential element for all photosynthetic organisms. The biological use of this transition metal is as an enzyme cofactor, predominantly in electron transfer and catalysis. The main forms of iron cofactor are, in order of decreasing abundance, iron-sulfur...
Laura M van Staalduinen et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(14), 5171-5176 (2014-04-08)
The enzymes PhnY and PhnZ comprise an oxidative catabolic pathway that enables marine bacteria to use 2-aminoethylphosphonic acid as a source of inorganic phosphate. PhnZ is notable for catalyzing the oxidative cleavage of a carbon-phosphorus bond using Fe(II) and dioxygen...
Kurinchi Selvan Gurusamy et al.
The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, 12(12), CD010640-CD010640 (2015-01-01)
Anaemia affects about a quarter of the world's population. An estimated 50% of anaemic people have anaemia due to iron deficiency. To assess the safety and efficacy of iron therapies for the treatment of adults with anaemia who are not...
Darius J R Lane et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1845(2), 166-181 (2014-01-30)
Cancer is a major public health issue and, despite recent advances, effective clinical management remains elusive due to intra-tumoural heterogeneity and therapeutic resistance. Iron is a trace element integral to a multitude of metabolic processes, including DNA synthesis and energy...
Matthew Stroh et al.
Biochemical pharmacology, 88(4), 573-583 (2013-12-24)
A popular, if not centric, approach to the study of an event is to first consider that of the simplest cause. When dissecting the underlying mechanisms governing idiopathic diseases, this generally takes the form of an ab initio genetic approach....
Don-Kyu Kim et al.
Nature medicine, 20(4), 419-424 (2014-03-25)
In response to microbial infection, expression of the defensin-like peptide hepcidin (encoded by Hamp) is induced in hepatocytes to decrease iron release from macrophages. To elucidate the mechanism by which Salmonella enterica var. Typhimurium (S. typhimurium), an intramacrophage bacterium, alters...
Joseph Marie Sieliechi et al.
Environmental technology, 35(13-16), 1831-1839 (2014-06-25)
In this study, spatial and seasonal variations of phosphorus fractions in Lake Bini sediments were evaluated using a sequential extraction method. The sampling of water and sediments (surface and coring) was carried out at seven sites around the lake during...
Ocean chemistry: Fingerprints of a trace nutrient.
Joseph A Resing et al.
Nature, 511(7508), 164-165 (2014-07-11)
Ocean Science. Microbial proteins and oceanic nutrient cycles.
C Mark Moore
Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6201), 1120-1121 (2014-09-06)
Microcytic anemia.
Shraga Aviner et al.
The New England journal of medicine, 371(26), 2536-2536 (2014-12-30)
Hong-Seok Kim et al.
Chemosphere, 113, 93-100 (2014-07-30)
Effects of anions (NO3(-), HCO3(-), Cl(-), SO4(2-)) and humic acid on the reactivity and core/shell chemistries of polyacrylic acid-coated nanoscale zero-valent iron (PAA-NZVI) and inorganically modified NZVI (INORG-NZVI) particles were investigated. The reactivity tests under various ion concentrations (0.2-30mN) revealed...
Microcytic anemia.
Thomas G DeLoughery
The New England journal of medicine, 371(26), 2537-2537 (2014-12-30)
Sandro Silva-Gomes et al.
Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology, 3, 96-96 (2013-12-25)
Due to their chemical versatility, transition metals were incorporated as cofactors for several basic metabolic pathways in living organisms. This same characteristic makes them potentially harmful, since they can be engaged in deleterious reactions like Fenton chemistry. As such, organisms...
Hypoferremia of infection: a double-edged sword?
Kristen L Lokken et al.
Nature medicine, 20(4), 335-337 (2014-04-09)
Femkje A M Jonker et al.
Journal of clinical pathology, 67(8), 717-723 (2014-06-12)
Iron deficiency is an important child health problem. Its diagnosis in areas of high infection exposure remains complicated as inflammation may interfere with the accuracy of peripheral iron markers. With this study, we aimed to validate the conventional iron markers...
Robert F Anderson et al.
Philosophical transactions. Series A, Mathematical, physical, and engineering sciences, 372(2019), 20130054-20130054 (2014-06-04)
Fluxes of lithogenic material and fluxes of three palaeo-productivity proxies (organic carbon, biogenic opal and alkenones) over the past 100,000 years were determined using the (230)Th-normalization method in three sediment cores from the Subantarctic South Atlantic Ocean. Features in the...
Yu Wang et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1840(10), 3022-3033 (2014-07-06)
The neurodegenerative disease Friedreich's ataxia is the result of frataxin deficiency. Frataxin is a mitochondrial protein involved in iron-sulfur cluster (Fe-S) cofactor biogenesis, but its functional role in this pathway is debated. This is due to the interconnectivity of iron...
Biotechnology: Against the grain.
Michael Eisenstein
Nature, 514(7524), S55-S57 (2014-11-05)
Samer R Abulateefeh et al.
Pharmaceutical development and technology, 19(7), 856-867 (2013-09-17)
The excellent gelling and safety profiles of alginic acid combined, however, with drawbacks of its ionotropically crosslinked beads (i.e. their quick release of loaded drugs) prompted us to chemically modify alginic acid. Alginic acid was chemically conjugated with four amines...
Nicole Rietzschel et al.
Molecular and cellular biology, 35(2), 370-378 (2014-11-05)
Iron is an essential, yet at elevated concentrations toxic trace element. To date, the mechanisms of iron sensing by eukaryotic iron-responsive transcription factors are poorly understood. The Saccharomyces cerevisiae transcription factor Yap5, a member of the Yap family of bZIP...
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