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phr1005

" no prazo de Papéis
Patrick Scheiermann et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 8521-8521 (2015-02-18)
Overdosing of the analgesic acetaminophen (APAP, paracetamol) is a major cause of acute liver injury. Whereas toxicity is initiated by hepatocyte necrosis, course of disease is regulated by mechanisms of innate immunity having the potential to serve in complex manner
Antonio Martinez-Gimeno et al.
Expert review of respiratory medicine, 7(2), 113-122 (2013-04-04)
During the last few decades, a huge epidemiological effort has been made all over the world in order to cast some light on the origin of asthma (or 'wheezing disorders' as a general term) and its recent increase in prevalence.
Marcello Locatelli et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1388, 79-86 (2015-02-24)
This paper reports the validation of a quantitative high performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array (HPLC-PDA) method for the simultaneous analysis, in mouse plasma, of eperisone hydrochloride and paracetamol by protein precipitation using zinc sulphate-methanol-acetonitrile. The analytes were resolved on a Gemini
Yoko Nishimura et al.
Journal of applied toxicology : JAT, 35(2), 173-180 (2014-08-06)
Cardiotoxicity is one of the major safety concerns in drug development. Therefore, detecting and monitoring cardiotoxicity throughout preclinical and clinical studies is important for pharmaceutical companies. The present study was conducted in order to explore a plasma miRNA biomarker for
Shengdong Wang et al.
Liver international : official journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver, 34(7), 1068-1073 (2013-10-15)
Acetaminophen (APAP) is widely used as an antipyretic agent which is safe at therapeutic doses. However, overdose of APAP induces fatal and non-fatal hepatic necroses. The chemical reactive metabolites of APAP initiate toxicity and inflammatory response within the liver and
Syusuke Sano et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 468(1-2), 234-242 (2014-04-09)
The impact of different active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) loading on the properties of orally disintegrating tablets (ODTs) prepared according to our previously reported microwave (MW) treatment process was evaluated using famotidine (FAM), acetaminophen (AAP), and ibuprofen (IBU). None of the
Mona Darwish et al.
Clinical therapeutics, 37(2), 390-401 (2014-12-30)
A hydrocodone extended-release (ER) formulation was developed to provide sustained pain relief with twice-daily dosing. Developed using the CIMA abuse-deterrence technology platform (CIMA Labs Inc, Brooklyn Park, Minnesota), this formulation also provides resistance against rapid release of hydrocodone when tablets
Julia Dinger et al.
Toxicology letters, 230(1), 28-35 (2014-08-12)
Drugs of abuse are not tested for cytochrome P450 (CYP) inhibition potential before distribution. Therefore, a cocktail assay should be developed for testing the inhibition potential for all relevant CYPs. The following CYP test substrates and selective inhibitors were incubated
Yutaka Kimura et al.
Toxicology in vitro : an international journal published in association with BIBRA, 28(5), 759-768 (2014-03-08)
We established a luciferase reporter assay system, the Multi-ImmunoTox Assay (MITA), to evaluate the effects on key predictivein vitro components of the human immune system. The system is composed of 3 stable reporter cell lines transfected with 3 luciferase genes
Peggy Gandia et al.
Journal of clinical pharmacology, 43(11), 1235-1243 (2003-10-11)
This study evaluated the effect of simulated weightlessness on gastric emptying, using acetaminophen as a probe and -6 degrees head-down bed rest to simulate zero gravity. Eighteen volunteers were given 1 g of acetaminophen orally before the bed rest and
Clinical question: are non-steroidal anti-inflammatories superior to acetaminophen for sprains/strains?
Heather Wheeler et al.
The Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association, 107(3), 109-110 (2014-05-08)
Katarina Rubin et al.
Drug metabolism and disposition: the biological fate of chemicals, 43(1), 119-125 (2014-11-06)
The suppression of hepatic cytochrome P450 (P450) expression during inflammatory and infectious diseases and the relief of this suppression by successful disease treatment have been previously demonstrated to impact drug disposition. To address this clinically relevant phenomenon preclinically, the effect
Harley T Syyong et al.
American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology, 52(3), 304-314 (2014-07-24)
A characteristic feature of asthma is exaggerated airway narrowing, termed airway hyper-responsiveness (AHR) due to contraction of airway smooth muscle (ASM). Although smooth muscle (SM)-specific asthma susceptibility genes have been identified, it is not known whether asthmatic ASM is phenotypically
PKCs: pernicious kinase culprits in acetaminophen pathogenesis.
Cynthia Ju et al.
Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.), 59(4), 1229-1231 (2014-03-29)
Véronique Gilard et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 102, 476-493 (2014-12-03)
One hundred and fifty dietary supplements (DS) marketed to increase sexual performance were analyzed. All these formulations were claimed to contain only natural compounds, plant extracts and/or vitamins. (1)H NMR spectroscopy was used for detecting the presence of adulterants and
Nabil A Khan et al.
Journal of opioid management, 9(3), 225-230 (2013-06-19)
Addiction to painkillers or other substances in pediatric and adolescent cases of noncancer chronic pain is an understudied phenomenon, even amidst documented increases in rates of prescription opioid use and misuse. Case studies can inform the training of clinicians in
Sharad Mangal et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 479(2), 338-348 (2015-01-13)
In this study, polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) was spray dried with l-leucine (PVP-Leu) to create a prototype multifunctional interactive excipient. The physico-chemical and bulk properties such as particle size, surface composition, surface energy and bulk cohesion of PVP-Leu was measured and compared
Luz María Martínez et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 477(1-2), 294-305 (2014-12-03)
There is a special interest in having pharmaceutical active ingredients in the amorphous state due to their increased solubility and therefore, higher bioavailability. Nevertheless, not all of them present stable amorphous phases. In particular, paracetamol is an active ingredient widely
H O Topçu et al.
European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology, 182, 81-85 (2014-09-30)
To determine the effects of different intra-abdominal pressure values on visceral pain following gynecologic laparoscopic surgery in the Trendelenburg position. This randomized, controlled prospective trial was conducted at a tertiary education hospital and included 150 patients who underwent gynecologic laparoscopy
FDA asks physicians to stop prescribing high-dose acetaminophen products.
Mike Mitka
JAMA, 311(6), 563-563 (2014-02-13)
[Effectiveness of analgesic combinations in the self-medication].
Eve C A Morgenstern et al.
MMW Fortschritte der Medizin, 155(9), 49-51 (2013-08-21)
Huan Yang et al.
The Journal of experimental medicine, 212(1), 5-14 (2015-01-07)
Innate immune receptors for pathogen- and damage-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs and DAMPs) orchestrate inflammatory responses to infection and injury. Secreted by activated immune cells or passively released by damaged cells, HMGB1 is subjected to redox modification that distinctly influences its
Treatment of paracetamol overdose.
Benjamin Kessler et al.
Lancet (London, England), 383(9926), 1382-1382 (2014-04-25)
Mahmoud Mohammadi et al.
Indian pediatrics, 40(12), 1183-1186 (2004-01-15)
The present study was done to explore the relationship between the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) glucose concentration, body temperature, seizure duration, and acetaminophen administration. Retrospective record review of 117 consecutive febrile convulsive infants aging 3 to 18 months admitted to Bahrami
F Franceschi et al.
European review for medical and pharmacological sciences, 17(16), 2129-2135 (2013-07-31)
Pain is the most common reason people see doctors in developed Countries and a very common cause of access in Emergency Department (ED). The combination acetaminophen/codeine represents the standard medication in the second step of the WHO analgesic scale and
Yiming Jiang et al.
Toxicological sciences : an official journal of the Society of Toxicology, 143(1), 107-115 (2014-10-17)
Acetaminophen (APAP) overdose is the most frequent cause of drug-induced acute liver failure. Schisandra sphenanthera is a traditional hepato-protective Chinese medicine and Schisandrol B (SolB) is one of its major active constituents. In this study, the protective effect of SolB
When is research clinical advice? Interpreting an exploratory study of paracetamol overdose.
Geoffrey K Isbister et al.
Clinical toxicology (Philadelphia, Pa.), 51(10), 1242-1242 (2013-11-14)
Dany Spaggiari et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 406(20), 4875-4887 (2014-06-05)
The cocktail approach is an advantageous strategy used to monitor the activities of several cytochromes P450 (CYPs) in a single test to increase the throughput of in vitro phenotyping studies. In this study, a cocktail mixture was developed with eight
Eda Ozcelik et al.
Pharmacognosy magazine, 10(Suppl 2), S217-S224 (2014-07-06)
Liver diseases have become a major problem of the worldwide. More than 50% of all cases of liver failure can be attributed to drugs. Among these, acetaminophen is the most common cause. The aim of this study was to investigate
Hans-Christoph Diener et al.
The journal of headache and pain, 15, 76-76 (2014-11-20)
Most patients with episodic tension-type headache treat headache episodes with over-the-counter medication. Combination analgesics containing caffeine may be more effective and as well tolerated as monotherapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the combination of
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