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David Westover et al.
Molecular cancer, 14, 92-92 (2015-05-01)
Irinotecan is a camptothecin analogue currently used in clinical practice to treat advanced colorectal cancer. However, acquired resistance mediated by the drug efflux pump ABCG2 is a recognized problem. We reported on a novel camptothecin analogue, FL118, which shows anticancer
Soumyashree Das et al.
Development (Cambridge, England), 142(12), 2147-2162 (2015-05-28)
Communication between stem and niche supporting cells maintains the homeostasis of adult tissues. Wnt signaling is a crucial regulator of the stem cell niche, but the mechanism that governs Wnt ligand delivery in this compartment has not been fully investigated.
Sunwoo Koo et al.
Anticancer research, 35(6), 3209-3215 (2015-05-31)
Novel treatment strategies aiming to eliminate or attenuate the invasive phenotype of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), the most common and aggressive primary brain tumor, could offer a profound therapeutic benefit to patients. We previously demonstrated one method to create invasive sub-populations
Y Uehara et al.
Osteoarthritis and cartilage, 22(7), 1007-1017 (2014-05-06)
When endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, i.e., the excessive accumulation of unfolded proteins in ER, endangers homeostasis, apoptosis is induced by C/EBP homologous protein (Chop). In osteoarthritis (OA) cartilage, Chop expression and apoptosis increase as degeneration progresses. We investigated the role
Gyuman Park et al.
Biomaterials, 54, 201-212 (2015-04-25)
The possibility of controlling cell fates by overexpressing specific transcription factors has led to numerous studies in stem cell research. Small molecules can be used, instead of transcription factors, to induce the de-differentiation of somatic cells or to induce pluripotent
Jiao Xu et al.
Oncology reports, 33(5), 2227-2234 (2015-03-05)
The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) belongs to the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter family, members of which are involved in various types of cancer. The relationship between CFTR and ovarian cancer remains to be elucidated. The aim of the
Yukio Ago et al.
Psychopharmacology, 232(12), 2181-2189 (2015-01-13)
An abundance of genetic and epidemiologic evidence as well as longitudinal neuroimaging data point to developmental origins for schizophrenia and other mental health disorders. Recent clinical studies indicate that microduplications of VIPR2, encoding the vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) receptor VPAC2
Qian Zhang et al.
The Journal of parasitology, 101(4), 418-423 (2015-04-16)
Toxoplasma gondii induces polarization of mouse macrophages, including both classically activated macrophages (M1) and alternatively activated macrophages (M2) in a genotype-related manner. Here we present a novel result that the Wh6 strain with type Chinese 1, which is predominantly prevalent
Ruan Cox et al.
PloS one, 10(8), e0136755-e0136755 (2015-09-01)
Inflammation is a key hallmark of ALI and is mediated through ungoverned cytokine signaling. One such cytokine, interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) has been demonstrated to be the most bioactive cytokine in ALI patients. Macrophages are the key players responsible for IL-1β secretion
Els van der Meijden et al.
Journal of virology, 89(18), 9427-9439 (2015-07-03)
The polyomavirus tumor (T) antigens play crucial roles in viral replication, transcription, and cellular transformation. They are encoded by partially overlapping open reading frames (ORFs) located in the early region through alternative mRNA splicing. The T expression pattern of the
Magdalena Matczuk et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1345, 212-218 (2014-05-07)
Transient isotachophoresis (tITP) is a versatile sample preconcentration technique that uses ITP to focus electrically charged analytes at the initial stage of CE analysis. However, according to the ruling principle of tITP, uncharged analytes are beyond its capacity while being
Irmina Grzegorek et al.
Lymphatic research and biology, 12(4), 222-231 (2014-10-16)
Twenty-six iliac artery segments were divided in two groups: atherosclerotic (A) and nonatherosclerotic (NA). Expression of LYVE-1, VEGF-C, VEGF-D, and CCR7 receptor were studied with immunohistochemistry (IHC) and Western blot (WB). IHC was performed on 26 samples of iliac arteries
Asim Pervaiz et al.
Medical oncology (Northwood, London, England), 32(5), 158-158 (2015-04-05)
Alterations in the expression of C-C chemokine receptor type 5 (CCR5 or CD195) have been correlated with disease progression in different cancers. Recently, a few investigations have reported the blockage of this receptor by an antagonist (maraviroc) and its antineoplastic
Gimena dos Santos et al.
Nature communications, 6, 6574-6574 (2015-03-13)
Activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome and subsequent maturation of IL-1β have been implicated in acute lung injury (ALI), resulting in inflammation and fibrosis. We investigated the role of vimentin, a type III intermediate filament, in this process using three well-characterized
Lutz Hampe et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(29), 18111-18123 (2015-06-11)
Adiponectin, a collagenous hormone secreted abundantly from adipocytes, possesses potent antidiabetic and anti-inflammatory properties. Mediated by the conserved Cys(39) located in the variable region of the N terminus, the trimeric (low molecular weight (LMW)) adiponectin subunit assembles into different higher
Olesya Chayka et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(4), 2198-2212 (2014-12-06)
The MYC family of transcription factors consists of three well characterized members, c-MYC, L-MYC, and MYCN, deregulated in the majority of human cancers. In neuronal tumors such as neuroblastoma, MYCN is frequently activated by gene amplification, and reducing its expression
Dong-Hee Choi et al.
PloS one, 9(12), e115954-e115954 (2014-12-24)
In the present study we investigated the interplay between matrix metalloproteinase 3 (MMP3) and NADPH oxidase 1 (Nox1) in the process of dopamine (DA) neuronal death. We found that MMP3 activation causes the induction of Nox1 via mitochondrial reactive oxygen
Zishu Wang et al.
Molecular medicine reports, 11(4), 2578-2584 (2014-12-18)
G protein‑coupled receptor 137 (GPR137) is an integral membrane protein, which belongs to the GPR137 family of cell surface mediators of signal transduction. GPF137 was recently identified; however, its role in human disease onset has remained to be elucidated. GPR137
Akiko Furuta et al.
The American journal of pathology, 185(6), 1713-1723 (2015-05-23)
Lysosome-associated membrane protein-2 (LAMP-2) is the gene responsible for Danon disease, which is characterized by cardiomyopathy, autophagic vacuolar myopathy, and variable mental retardation. To elucidate the function of LAMP-2 in the central nervous system, we investigated the neuropathological changes in
Aya Muramatsu et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 463(4), 999-1005 (2015-06-15)
Girdin is an actin-binding protein that has multiple functions in postnatal neural development and cancer progression. We previously showed that Girdin is a regulator of migration for neuroblasts born from neural stem cells in the subventricular zone (SVZ) and the
Sugyoung Oh et al.
Nutrition research and practice, 9(6), 613-618 (2015-12-04)
Iron deficiency in early life is associated with developmental problems, which may persist until later in life. The question of whether iron repletion after developmental iron deficiency could restore iron homeostasis is not well characterized. In the present study, we
Judith Müller et al.
Nature communications, 5, 5712-5712 (2014-12-17)
Increased expression of the Microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) contributes to melanoma progression and resistance to BRAF pathway inhibition. Here we show that the lack of MITF is associated with more severe resistance to a range of inhibitors, while its presence
Ewa Augustin et al.
Acta pharmacologica Sinica, 36(3), 385-399 (2015-02-03)
FMS-like receptor tyrosine kinase (FLT3) is expressed in some normal hematopoietic cell types and plays an important role in the pathogenesis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). In this study, we examined the effects of triazoloacridinone C-1305, an antitumor compound, on
Ioanna Tiniakou et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 194(10), 4676-4687 (2015-04-15)
Aberrant levels and function of the potent anti-inflammatory high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and accelerated atherosclerosis have been reported in patients with autoimmune inflammatory diseases. Whether HDL affects the development of an autoimmune response remains elusive. In this study, we used apolipoprotein
Liqiong Gui et al.
American journal of physiology. Lung cellular and molecular physiology, 308(2), L221-L228 (2014-11-25)
Cellular therapy via direct intratracheal delivery has gained interest as a novel therapeutic strategy for treating various pulmonary diseases including cystic fibrosis lung disease. However, concerns such as insufficient cell engraftment in lungs and lack of large animal model data
Rune Troelsgaard Pedersen et al.
The Journal of cell biology, 210(4), 565-582 (2015-08-19)
Genome integrity is critically dependent on timely DNA replication and accurate chromosome segregation. Replication stress delays replication into G2/M, which in turn impairs proper chromosome segregation and inflicts DNA damage on the daughter cells. Here we show that TopBP1 forms
Chris R Evelyn et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(20), 12879-12898 (2015-04-01)
The Ras family small GTPases regulate multiple cellular processes, including cell growth, survival, movement, and gene expression, and are intimately involved in cancer pathogenesis. Activation of these small GTPases is catalyzed by a special class of enzymes, termed guanine nucleotide
Longxiao Wei et al.
Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology, 65(4), 357-363 (2015-04-09)
Cardiac hypertrophy is a primary pathological change associated with cardiovascular diseases. Dysregulated microRNAs are frequent in cardiovascular diseases and contribute to cardiac hypertrophy by regulating a series of targeted genes. In this study, a rat model of cardiac hypertrophy was
Gurunath Surampalli et al.
Drug development and industrial pharmacy, 41(7), 1057-1065 (2014-06-12)
The aim of this study was to corroborate the effects of naringin, a P-glycoprotein inhibitor, on the intestinal absorption and pharmacokinetics of candesartan (CDS) from candesartan cilexetil (CAN) solid dispersions using in-situ rat models. Intestinal transport and absorption studies were
Yu Di et al.
Drug design, development and therapy, 9, 2463-2473 (2015-05-23)
CCN1 (also called Cyr 61) is an extracellular matrix signaling molecule that has been implicated in neovascularization through its interactions with several endothelial integrin receptors. The roles of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in angiogenesis are well described. The aim
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