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Hiroko Asahi et al.
BMC microbiology, 14, 167-167 (2014-06-26)
Malaria continues to be a devastating disease. The elucidation of factors inducing asexual growth versus arrest of Plasmodium falciparum can provide information about the development of the parasite, and may help in the search for novel malaria medication. Based on
Tuula M Jyske et al.
Planta, 242(3), 613-629 (2015-06-25)
Phloem production and structural development were interlinked with seasonal variation in the primary and secondary metabolites of phloem. Novel microtechniques provided new perspectives on understanding phloem structure and chemistry. To gain new insights into phloem formation in Norway spruce (Picea
Feng Li et al.
STAR protocols, 2(2), 100392-100392 (2021-04-16)
Transposon insertion sequencing (TIS) is a highly effective method used with bacteria to identify genes important for growth in any condition of interest. Previously, we adapted this method to identify essential genes of the yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Here, we describe
E Ciuchi et al.
Metabolism: clinical and experimental, 45(5), 611-613 (1996-05-01)
Red blood cell (RBC) concentrations of sorbitol and reduced glutathione (GSH) were evaluated in 29 type 11 diabetic subjects and eight normal controls. In erythrocytes from diabetic subjects, sorbitol levels were higher (18.7 +/- 1.33 v 11.2 +/- 0.7 nmol/g
Fidaa Bouezzedine et al.
Virology, 481, 34-42 (2015-03-15)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major public health problem. Recently, the human liver bile acid transporter Na(+)/taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (NTCP) has been identified as an HBV specific receptor. NTCP expression is known to be strongly regulated by IL-6.
Joshua Russell et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(22), 8269-8274 (2014-05-21)
All terrestrial animals must find a proper level of moisture to ensure their health and survival. The cellular-molecular basis for sensing humidity is unknown in most animals, however. We used the model nematode Caenorhabditis elegans to uncover a mechanism for
Ho-Youn Kim et al.
Plant science : an international journal of experimental plant biology, 231, 30-39 (2015-01-13)
During ripening fruits undergo several physiological and biochemical modifications that influence quality-related properties, such as texture, color, aroma and taste. We studied the differences in ethylene and sugar metabolism between two genetically related Japanese plum cultivars with contrasting ripening behaviors.
Abishek Muralidhar et al.
Plant, cell & environment, 38(8), 1514-1527 (2014-12-30)
Aquatic organisms are often exposed to dramatic changes in salinity in the environment. Despite decades of research, many questions related to molecular and physiological mechanisms mediating sensing and adaptation to salinity stress remain unanswered. Here, responses of Vaucheria erythrospora, a
Reddy Ranjith K Sama et al.
Journal of cellular physiology, 228(11), 2222-2231 (2013-04-30)
FUsed in Sarcoma/Translocated in LipoSarcoma (FUS/TLS or FUS) has been linked to several biological processes involving DNA and RNA processing, and has been associated with multiple diseases, including myxoid liposarcoma and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). ALS-associated mutations cause FUS to
Shigekatsu Suzuki et al.
Genome biology and evolution, 7(6), 1533-1545 (2015-05-24)
Many algal groups acquired complex plastids by the uptake of green and red algae through multiple secondary endosymbioses. As a result of gene loss and transfer during the endosymbiotic processes, algal endosymbiont nuclei disappeared in most cases. However, chlorarachniophytes and
Yumin Zhang et al.
Nature communications, 6, 6704-6704 (2015-04-08)
Metabolic homeostasis is regulated by the brain, but whether this regulation involves learning and memory of metabolic information remains unexplored. Here we use a calorie-based, taste-independent learning/memory paradigm to show that Drosophila form metabolic memories that help in balancing food
Haixia Lu et al.
Journal of food science, 80(6), M1325-M1329 (2015-05-15)
Contaminated leafy green vegetables have been linked to several outbreaks of human gastrointestinal infections. Antimicrobial interventions that are adoptable by the fresh produce industry for control of pathogen contamination are in great demand. This study was undertaken to evaluate the
Livan Delgado-Roche et al.
Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology, 61(2), 160-165 (2012-12-12)
Atherosclerosis is a major cause of death in the Western World. It is known that Lipofundin 20% induces atherosclerotic lesions, whereas ozone at low doses has been satisfactorily used in the prevention of oxidative stress-associated pathologies, such as coronary artery
I Thorild et al.
European archives of paediatric dentistry : official journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry, 13(6), 305-307 (2012-12-14)
To evaluate the long-term outcome of a mother-child project in which mothers (n=173) with high counts of salivary mutans streptococci were randomly assigned to daily chewing gums containing xylitol (A), chlorhexidine/ xylitol/sorbitol (B), or sodium fluoride/xylitol/sorbitol (C) for one year
Anne Viefhues et al.
Eukaryotic cell, 14(7), 636-651 (2015-05-03)
Important for the lifestyle and survival of every organism is the ability to respond to changing environmental conditions. The necrotrophic plant pathogen Botrytis cinerea triggers an oxidative burst in the course of plant infection and therefore needs efficient signal transduction
J-M Serot et al.
Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry, 76(11), 1585-1587 (2005-10-18)
Homocysteine may be involved in the pathogenesis of late onset Alzheimer's disease. It is implicated in the metabolism of several important pathways in the brain. Methylmalonic acid (MMA) is related to the metabolism of branched chained amino acids and fatty
M L Selley et al.
Neurobiology of aging, 23(3), 383-388 (2002-04-18)
There is evidence that increased blood concentrations of homocysteine may be a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease. (E)-4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) is a neurotoxic product of lipid peroxidation that is increased in the ventricular fluid and brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease.
Monika Mueller et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 30(3), 735-750 (2012-11-13)
To develop a liquid formulation for IgMs to survive physical stress and storage. Stabilizing formulations for 8 monoclonal immunoglobulin (IgMs) were found using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). In these formulations, the IgMs were subjected to stress and storage and analyzed
Haisong Wang et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 113, 225-230 (2014-09-27)
Microwave irradiation is a rapid and efficient method to synthesize oligomers and can be employed in polysaccharides production. As an artificial polysaccharide, polydextrose is known for its solid performance in food processing and its additional health benefits. This study was
Cora Lilia Alvarez et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e96216-e96216 (2014-05-27)
In human erythrocytes (h-RBCs) various stimuli induce increases in [cAMP] that trigger ATP release. The resulting pattern of extracellular ATP accumulation (ATPe kinetics) depends on both ATP release and ATPe degradation by ectoATPase activity. In this study we evaluated ATPe
Stephanie L Maiden et al.
PloS one, 11(2), e0148574-e0148574 (2016-02-06)
Tight regulation of cadherin-mediated intercellular adhesions is critical to both tissue morphogenesis during development and tissue homeostasis in adults. Cell surface expression of the cadherin-catenin complex is often directly correlated with the level of adhesion, however, examples exist where cadherin
Camille Desgrouas et al.
Malaria journal, 13, 327-327 (2014-08-26)
New classes of anti-malarial drugs are needed to control the alarming Plasmodium falciparum resistance toward current anti-malarial therapy. The ethnopharmacological approach allows the discovery of original chemical structures from the vegetable biodiversity. Previous studies led to the selection of a
Ziv Harel et al.
The American journal of medicine, 126(3), 264-264 (2013-01-17)
Sodium polystyrene sulfonate (Kayexalate; Sanofi-Aventis, Paris, France) is a cation-exchange resin routinely used in the management of hyperkalemia. However, its use has been associated with colonic necrosis and other fatal gastrointestinal adverse events. Although the addition of sorbitol to sodium
M J Peterson et al.
Metabolism: clinical and experimental, 35(4 Suppl 1), 93-95 (1986-04-01)
Increased flux of glucose through the polyol pathway with resultant resultant accumulation of tissue sorbitol is implicated in the pathogenesis of the chronic complications of diabetes. Sorbinil is a potent inhibitor of aldose reductase (the first enzyme in the polyol
Wu Hao et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(28), 17106-17115 (2015-05-23)
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is frequently accompanied by complications, such as peripheral nerve neuropathy. Schwann cells play a pivotal role in regulating peripheral nerve function and conduction velocity; however, changes in Schwann cell differentiation status in DM are not fully understood.
M A Lovell et al.
Archives of neurology, 58(3), 392-396 (2001-03-20)
Markers of oxidative stress are increased in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with Alzheimer disease (AD), although none of those reported are appropriate diagnostic markers because of the overlap between patients with AD and control subjects. To determine the ratio
Shahram Attarian et al.
Orphanet journal of rare diseases, 9, 199-199 (2014-12-19)
Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 1A disease (CMT1A) is a rare orphan inherited neuropathy caused by an autosomal dominant duplication of a gene encoding for the structural myelin protein PMP22, which induces abnormal Schwann cell differentiation and dysmyelination, eventually leading to axonal suffering
Zhengming Gu et al.
Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine, 138(11), 1474-1480 (2014-10-31)
Invasive fungal infections are an important cause of morbidity and mortality among immunocompromised patients. To design and evaluate a multiplexed assay aimed at quantitative detection and differentiation of the 5 molds that are most commonly responsible for pulmonary infections. Using
Felix Wong et al.
Nature communications, 12(1), 2321-2321 (2021-04-21)
Bactericidal antibiotics kill bacteria by perturbing various cellular targets and processes. Disruption of the primary antibiotic-binding partner induces a cascade of molecular events, leading to overproduction of reactive metabolic by-products. It remains unclear, however, how these molecular events contribute to
Clinical relevance of adaptation to sorbitol by plaque bacteria: a review.
W H Bowen
The Journal of clinical dentistry, 7(1), 1-5 (1996-01-01)
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