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J L Adolphe et al.
Journal of animal physiology and animal nutrition, 99(4), 767-776 (2014-12-06)
Peas are increasing in popularity as a source of carbohydrate, protein and fibre in extruded canine diets. The aim of this study was to test the health effects of two canine diets with identical macronutrient profiles, but containing either yellow
William G Christen et al.
Ophthalmic epidemiology, 22(2), 85-93 (2015-03-18)
Prospective data to examine the association of homocysteine with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) are limited. We examined the prospective relation of plasma homocysteine level and AMD in a large cohort of apparently healthy women. We evaluated the relationship between baseline
Matthew Page et al.
Pharmacology, 96(3-4), 131-136 (2015-08-01)
To this date, the only available drugs for treating Alzheimer's disease are cognitive enhancers, which may improve the cognitive function of patients for a few years while the disease continues to progress. As such, there are intense investigations to develop
Nicolò Dossi et al.
Electrophoresis, 36(16), 1830-1836 (2015-04-22)
We propose here simple electrochemical cells assembled with electrodes pencil drawn on paper for conducting one-spot tests enabling olive oil to be easily distinguished from other vegetable oils. They consist of small circular pads of hydrophilic paper defined by hydrophobic
Mohamed D Morsy et al.
Journal of physiology and biochemistry, 69(3), 487-496 (2013-01-25)
Ischemic-reperfusion procedures targeting a specific organ often results in remote multiple organ injuries mediated possibly by heightened oxidative stress levels. As the kidney is one of the most vulnerable organs for ischemic oxidative stress, the aim of the present study
Christopher P Locher et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 59(3), 1455-1465 (2014-12-24)
New drugs to treat drug-resistant tuberculosis are urgently needed. Extensively drug-resistant and probably the totally drug-resistant tuberculosis strains are resistant to fluoroquinolones like moxifloxacin, which target gyrase A, and most people infected with these strains die within a year. In
Emma K Larkin et al.
American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 191(1), 45-53 (2014-11-20)
Host antioxidant defense, consisting of enzymatic antioxidant activity and nonenzymatic antioxidant micronutrients, is implicated in asthma pathogenesis. Studies of antioxidant defense and adult incident asthma have either used measures of antioxidants estimated from questionnaires or not considered enzymatic aspects of
Sk Ugir Hossain et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters, 17(5), 1149-1154 (2007-01-02)
A series of 5-arylidene-2,4-thiazolidinediones and its geranyloxy or prenyloxy derivative were synthesized and studied for their radical scavenging activity using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay. Their comparable scavenging activities were expressed as IC50 value. Compounds 2c, 2d, 4d, and 6a showed appreciable
M Verdú et al.
Journal of animal science, 93(6), 3018-3033 (2015-06-27)
A total of 240 Holstein bulls (121 ± 2.0 kg initial BW; 99 ± 1.0 d of age), from 2 consecutive fattening cycles, were randomly allocated in 1 of 6 pens and assigned to 1 of the 3 treatments consisting
D Dannenberger et al.
Meat science, 94(1), 39-46 (2013-02-05)
Samples of M. longissimus were collected from a total of 203 feral roe deer (n=118) and wild boar (n=85) in two regions of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (Germany). The muscle lipid saturated fatty acid proportions of roe deer and wild boar ranged
I A Volchegorskiĭ et al.
Eksperimental'naia i klinicheskaia farmakologiia, 76(3), 13-18 (2013-06-19)
The effect of domestic 3-oxypyridine and succinic acid derivatives (emoxipin, reamberin and mexidol) included in the complex treatment of recrudescence of inflammatory diseases of the uterus and its appendages, as manifested in endometrial leucocyte infiltration (ELI) compared to lipid peroxidation
Kristin I Løken-Amsrud et al.
PloS one, 8(1), e54417-e54417 (2013-01-26)
Alpha-tocopherol is the main vitamin E compound in humans, and has important antioxidative and immunomodulatory properties. The aim of this study was to study alpha-tocopherol concentrations and their relationship to disease activity in Norwegian multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. Prospective cohort
The two faces of α- and γ-tocopherols: an in vitro and ex vivo investigation into VLDL, LDL and HDL oxidation.
Nadeem N, Woodside JV, et al.
The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry (2011)
Hyoung Ja Kim et al.
Journal of natural products, 69(4), 600-603 (2006-04-29)
Bioassay-directed chromatographic fractionation of an ethyl acetate extract of Gardenia jasminoides (Gardeniae Fructus) afforded a new vanillic acid 4-O-beta-d-(6'-sinapoyl)glucopyranoside (1) and five new quinic acid derivatives, methyl 5-O-caffeoyl-3-O-sinapoylquinate (2), ethyl 5-O-caffeoyl-3-O-sinapoylquinate (3), methyl 5-O-caffeoyl-4-O-sinapoylquinate (4), ethyl 5-O-caffeoyl-4-O-sinapoylquinate (5), and methyl
William D Shrader et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters, 22(1), 391-395 (2011-12-06)
We report on the synthesis, biological and pharmacological activity of the tocoquinone natural product, α-tocopherol quinone (ATQ); an oxidative metabolite of α-tocopherol. ATQ is a potent cellular protectant against oxidative stress, whose biological activity is dependent upon its ability to
Saeed Shojaee et al.
Current drug delivery, 12(5), 591-599 (2015-03-27)
The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of drug type on the release of drug from PEO matrix tablets accompanied with the impact of vitamin E succinate as antioxidant. The result showed that the presence of vitamin
Nathalie Garçon et al.
Expert review of vaccines, 11(3), 349-366 (2012-03-03)
AS03 is an Adjuvant System composed of α-tocopherol, squalene and polysorbate 80 in an oil-in-water emulsion. In various nonclinical and clinical studies, high levels of antigen-specific antibodies were obtained after administration of an AS03-adjuvanted vaccine, permitting antigen-sparing strategies. AS03 has
Fabrice H F Pierre et al.
The American journal of clinical nutrition, 98(5), 1255-1262 (2013-09-13)
Processed meat intake has been associated with increased colorectal cancer risk. We have shown that cured meat promotes carcinogen-induced preneoplastic lesions and increases specific biomarkers in the colon of rats. We investigated whether cured meat modulates biomarkers of cancer risk
Suresh B Lakshminarayana et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 59(2), 1200-1210 (2014-12-10)
Limited information is available on the pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) parameters driving the efficacy of antimalarial drugs. Our objective in this study was to determine dose-response relationships of a panel of related spiroindolone analogs and identify the PK-PD index
Shaban Y Shaban et al.
Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003), 44(31), 14110-14121 (2015-07-15)
A series of copper(ii) complexes, viz. [Tp(MeMe)Cu(Cl)(H2O)] (), [Tp(MeMe)Cu(OAc)(H2O)] (), [Tp(MeMe)Cu(NO3)] () and [Tp(MeMe)Cu(ClO4)] () containing tris(3,5-dimethylpyrazolyl)borate (KTp(MeMe)), have been synthesized and fully characterized. The substitution reaction of with thiourea was studied under pseudo-first-order conditions as a function of concentration
Mahmoud S Sharaf et al.
Free radical biology & medicine, 84, 142-153 (2015-04-07)
Zinc and calcium have highly interwoven functions that are essential for cellular homeostasis. Here we first present a novel real-time flow cytometric technique to measure mitochondrial redox state and show it is modulated by zinc and calcium, individually and combined.
M Veera Narayana Reddy et al.
European journal of medicinal chemistry, 45(5), 1828-1832 (2010-02-04)
Synthesis of 3,3'-(1,4-phenylene)-bis[2-alkoxycarbonyl-alkyl)-2-thio-benzoxaphos-phinines] (3a-j) were accomplished via two step process. It involves the prior preparation of monochloride intermediate (2) and its subsequent reaction with the amino acid esters in dry tetrahydrofuran-toluene in the presence of triethylamine at reflux temperature. These
Md Maniruzzaman Manir et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, 20(7), 2376-2381 (2012-03-02)
Four new quercetin acylglycosides, designated camelliquercetisides A-D, quercetin 3-O-[α-L-arabinopyranosyl(1→3)][2-O″-(E)-p-coumaroyl][β-D-glucopyranosyl(1→3)-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1→6)]-β-D-glucoside (17), quercetin 3-O-[2-O″-(E)-p-coumaroyl][β-D-glucopyranosyl(1→3)-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1→6)]-β-D-glucoside (18), quercetin 3-O-[α-L-arabinopyranosyl(1→3)][2-O″-(E)-p-coumaroyl][α-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1→6)]-β-d-glucoside (19), and quercetin 3-O-[2-O″-(E)-p-coumaroyl][α-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1→6)]-β-D-glucoside (20), together with caffeine and known catechins, and flavonoids (1-16) were isolated from the leaves of Camellia sinensis. Their structures were
Jerzy Kruk et al.
Journal of plant physiology, 168(17), 2021-2027 (2011-08-23)
In the present study, we isolated novel tocochromanols from green leaves of Kalanchoe daigremontiana and primary leaves of etiolated seedlings of Phaseolus coccineus that were identified as β-, γ-, and δ-tocomonoenols with unsaturation at the terminal isoprene unit of the
Masahiko Yano et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 51(6), 2016-2027 (2007-04-11)
To date, only a limited number of studies have reported finding an influence of ordinary nutrients on hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA replication. However, the effects of other nutrients on HCV RNA replication remain largely unknown. We recently developed a
Juliana Bidone et al.
BioMed research international, 2015, 238010-238010 (2015-06-24)
This study investigated the inhibitory effects of Achyrocline satureioides extract (ASE) incorporated into a topical nanoemulsion on Herpes Simplex Virus type 1 (HSV-1/KOS strain) replication, as well as the distribution of the main ASE flavonoids (quercetin, luteolin, and 3-O-methylquercetin) in
Analía Espinoza et al.
Journal of plant physiology, 170(14), 1285-1294 (2013-05-09)
Tocopherols are members of the vitamin E complex and essential antioxidant compounds synthesized in chloroplasts that protect photosynthetic membranes against oxidative damage triggered by most environmental stresses. Tocopherol deficiency has been shown to affect germination, retard growth and change responses
Mei-Jyh Kang et al.
European journal of nutrition, 43(2), 86-92 (2004-04-15)
A large proportion of Taiwanese are considered to have inadequate vitamin E intake according to Taiwanese RDA. To evaluate the vitamin E status in Taiwan using biochemical indicators, and to examine the influences of dietary factors. The Nutrition and Health
Suzanne M D'Addio et al.
Molecular pharmaceutics, 12(5), 1554-1563 (2015-03-27)
Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major global health concern, and new therapies are needed to overcome the problems associated with dosing frequency, patient compliance, and drug resistance. To reduce side effects associated with systemic drug distribution and improve drug concentration at
Michael Piper et al.
Neural development, 10, 3-3 (2015-04-18)
Local protein synthesis (LPS) via receptor-mediated signaling plays a role in the directional responses of axons to extrinsic cues. An intact cytoskeleton is critical to enact these responses, but it is not known whether the two major cytoskeletal elements, F-actin
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