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  • Cytosolic phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase is a response gene involved in porcine adipocyte adaptation to heat stress.

Cytosolic phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase is a response gene involved in porcine adipocyte adaptation to heat stress.

Journal of animal science (2018-04-17)
Huan Qu, Kolapo M Ajuwon
RESUMO

Heat stress (HS) leads to increased lipid storage and expression of cytosolic phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PCK1) in pig adipocytes. However, the importance of PCK1 activation and lipid storage in the adaptive response to HS is unknown. Therefore, in vitro experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of PCK1 inhibition with 3-mercaptopicolinic acid (3MPA) on lipid storage and adipocyte response during HS. In vitro culture of adipocytes under HS (41.0 °C) increased (P < 0.05) triacylglycerol accumulation compared with control (37.0 °C). HS increased (P < 0.05) reactive oxygen species level and 3MPA further upregulated (P < 0.05) its level. Heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) gene expression was induced (P < 0.05) by HS compared to control, and PCK1 inhibition with 3MPA attenuated (P < 0.05) its induction by HS. The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress markers, C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP) was also upregulated by HS and 3MPA further upregulated (P < 0.05) CHOP mRNA level. These results suggest that with inhibition of PCK1 during HS, in vitro cultured adipocytes were less able to induce adaptive responses such as upregulation of HSP70 and triglycerides, and this exacerbated ER stress during HS. Thus, PCK1 may function to alleviate ER stress that occurs during HS.

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